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Title: Azimuthal transverse single-spin asymmetries of inclusive jets and charged pions within jets from polarized-proton collisions at s = 500 GeV

In this paper, we report the first measurements of transverse single-spin asymmetries for inclusive jet and jet+π ± production at midrapidity from transversely polarized proton-proton collisions at √s = 500 GeV. The data were collected in 2011 with the STAR detector sampled from 23 pb -1 integrated luminosity with an average beam polarization of 53%. Asymmetries are reported for jets with transverse momenta 6 < p T < 55 GeV/c and pseudorapidity |η| < 1. Presented are measurements of the inclusive-jet azimuthal transverse single-spin asymmetry, sensitive to twist-3 initial-state quarkgluon correlators; the Collins asymmetry, sensitive to quark transversity coupled to the polarized Collins fragmentation function; and the first measurement of the “Collins-like” asymmetry, sensitive to linearly polarized gluons. Within the present statistical precision, inclusive-jet and Collins-like 3 asymmetries are small, with the latter allowing the first experimental constraints on gluon linear polarization in a polarized proton. At higher values of jet transverse momenta, we observe the first non-zero Collins asymmetries in polarized-proton collisions, with a statistical significance of greater than 5σ. The results span a range of x similar to results from SIDIS but at much higher Q 2. Finally, the Collins results enable tests of universality and factorization-breaking inmore » the transverse momentum-dependent formulation of perturbative quantum chromodynamics.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
BNL-203420-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ; TRN: US1802635
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012704; AC02-05CH11231
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 97; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Contributing Orgs:
STAR Collaboration
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS
OSTI Identifier:
1419398
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1430896; OSTI ID: 1435119

Adamczyk, L., Adams, J. R., Adkins, J. K., Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Ajitanand, N. N., Alekseev, I., Anderson, D. M., Aoyama, R., Aparin, A., Arkhipkin, D., Aschenauer, E. C., Ashraf, M. U., Attri, A., Averichev, G. S., Bai, X., Bairathi, V., Barish, K., Behera, A., Bellwied, R., Bhasin, A., Bhati, A. K., Bhattarai, P., Bielcik, J., Bielcikova, J., Bland, L. C., Bordyuzhin, I. G., Bouchet, J., Brandenburg, J. D., Brandin, A. V., Brown, D., Bryslawskyj, J., Bunzarov, I., Butterworth, J., Caines, H., Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M., Campbell, J. M., Cebra, D., Chakaberia, I., Chaloupka, P., Chang, Z., Chankova-Bunzarova, N., Chatterjee, A., Chattopadhyay, S., Chen, X., Chen, X., Chen, J. H., Cheng, J., Cherney, M., Christie, W., Contin, G., Crawford, H. J., Das, S., Dedovich, T. G., Deng, J., Deppner, I. M., Derevschikov, A. A., Didenko, L., Dilks, C., Dong, X., Drachenberg, J. L., Draper, J. E., Dunlop, J. C., Efimov, L. G., Elsey, N., Engelage, J., Eppley, G., Esha, R., Esumi, S., Evdokimov, O., Ewigleben, J., Eyser, O., Fatemi, R., Fazio, S., Federic, P., Federicova, P., Fedorisin, J., Feng, Z., Filip, P., Finch, E., Fisyak, Y., Flores, C. E., Fujita, J., Fulek, L., Gagliardi, C. A., Geurts, F., Gibson, A., Girard, M., Grosnick, D., Gunarathne, D. S., Guo, Y., Gupta, A., Guryn, W., Hamad, A. I., Hamed, A., Harlenderova, A., Harris, J. W., He, L., Heppelmann, S., Heppelmann, S., Herrmann, N., Hirsch, A., Horvat, S., Huang, B., Huang, T., Huang, X., Huang, H. Z., Humanic, T. J., Huo, P., Igo, G., Jacobs, W. W., Jentsch, A., Jia, J., Jiang, K., Jowzaee, S., Judd, E. G., Kabana, S., Kalinkin, D., Kang, K., Kapukchyan, D., Kauder, K., Ke, H. W., Keane, D., Kechechyan, A., Khan, Z., Kikoła, D. P., Kim, C., Kisel, I., Kisiel, A., Kochenda, L., Kocmanek, M., Kollegger, T., Kosarzewski, L. K., Kraishan, A. F., Krauth, L., Kravtsov, P., Krueger, K., Kulathunga, N., Kumar, L., Kvapil, J., Kwasizur, J. H., Lacey, R., Landgraf, J. M., Landry, K. D., Lauret, J., Lebedev, A., Lednicky, R., Lee, J. H., Li, X., Li, W., Li, Y., Li, C., Lidrych, J., Lin, T., Lisa, M. A., Liu, F., Liu, P., Liu, Y., Liu, H., Ljubicic, T., Llope, W. J., Lomnitz, M., Longacre, R. S., Luo, X., Luo, S., Ma, G. L., Ma, L., Ma, R., Ma, Y. G., Magdy, N., Majka, R., Mallick, D., Margetis, S., Markert, C., Matis, H. S., Mayes, D., Meehan, K., Mei, J. C., Miller, Z. W., Minaev, N. G., Mioduszewski, S., Mishra, D., Mizuno, S., Mohanty, B., Mondal, M. M., Morozov, D. A., Mustafa, M. K., Nasim, Md., Nayak, T. K., Nelson, J. M., Nemes, D. B., Nie, M., Nigmatkulov, G., Niida, T., Nogach, L. V., Nonaka, T., Nurushev, S. B., Odyniec, G., Ogawa, A., Oh, K., Okorokov, V. A., Olvitt, D., Page, B. S., Pak, R., Pandit, Y., Panebratsev, Y., Pawlik, B., Pei, H., Perkins, C., Pluta, J., Poniatowska, K., Porter, J., Posik, M., Pruthi, N. K., Przybycien, M., Putschke, J., Quintero, A., Ramachandran, S., Ray, R. L., Reed, R., Rehbein, M. J., Ritter, H. G., Roberts, J. B., Rogachevskiy, O. V., Romero, J. L., Roth, J. D., Ruan, L., Rusnak, J., Rusnakova, O., Sahoo, N. R., Sahu, P. K., Salur, S., Sandweiss, J., Saur, M., Schambach, J., Schmah, A. M., Schmidke, W. B., Schmitz, N., Schweid, B. R., Seger, J., Sergeeva, M., Seto, R., Seyboth, P., Shah, N., Shahaliev, E., Shanmuganathan, P. V., Shao, M., Shen, W. Q., Shi, S. S., Shi, Z., Shou, Q. Y., Sichtermann, E. P., Sikora, R., Simko, M., Singha, S., Skoby, M. J., Smirnov, N., Smirnov, D., Solyst, W., Sorensen, P., Spinka, H. M., Srivastava, B., Stanislaus, T. D. S., Stewart, D. J., Strikhanov, M., Stringfellow, B., Suaide, A. A. P., Sugiura, T., Sumbera, M., Summa, B., Sun, Y., Sun, X., Sun, X. M., Surrow, B., Svirida, D. N., Tang, A. H., Tang, Z., Taranenko, A., Tarnowsky, T., Tawfik, A., Thäder, J., Thomas, J. H., Timmins, A. R., Tlusty, D., Todoroki, T., Tokarev, M., Trentalange, S., Tribble, R. E., Tribedy, P., Tripathy, S. K., Trzeciak, B. A., Tsai, O. D., Ullrich, T., Underwood, D. G., Upsal, I., Van Buren, G., van Nieuwenhuizen, G., Vasiliev, A. N., Videbæk, F., Vokal, S., Voloshin, S. A., Vossen, A., Wang, G., Wang, Y., Wang, F., Wang, Y., Webb, G., Webb, J. C., Wen, L., Westfall, G. D., Wieman, H., Wissink, S. W., Witt, R., Wu, Y., Xiao, Z. G., Xie, G., Xie, W., Xu, Y. F., Xu, J., Xu, Q. H., Xu, N., Xu, Z., Yang, S., Yang, Y., Yang, C., Yang, Q., Ye, Z., Ye, Z., Yi, L., Yip, K., Yoo, I. -K., Yu, N., Zbroszczyk, H., Zha, W., Zhang, Z., Zhang, J., Zhang, S., Zhang, S., Zhang, J., Zhang, Y., Zhang, X. P., Zhang, J. B., Zhao, J., Zhong, C., Zhou, L., Zhou, C., Zhu, X., Zhu, Z., and Zyzak, M.. Azimuthal transverse single-spin asymmetries of inclusive jets and charged pions within jets from polarized-proton collisions at s=500GeV. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.97.032004.
Adamczyk, L., Adams, J. R., Adkins, J. K., Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Ajitanand, N. N., Alekseev, I., Anderson, D. M., Aoyama, R., Aparin, A., Arkhipkin, D., Aschenauer, E. C., Ashraf, M. U., Attri, A., Averichev, G. S., Bai, X., Bairathi, V., Barish, K., Behera, A., Bellwied, R., Bhasin, A., Bhati, A. K., Bhattarai, P., Bielcik, J., Bielcikova, J., Bland, L. C., Bordyuzhin, I. G., Bouchet, J., Brandenburg, J. D., Brandin, A. V., Brown, D., Bryslawskyj, J., Bunzarov, I., Butterworth, J., Caines, H., Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M., Campbell, J. M., Cebra, D., Chakaberia, I., Chaloupka, P., Chang, Z., Chankova-Bunzarova, N., Chatterjee, A., Chattopadhyay, S., Chen, X., Chen, X., Chen, J. H., Cheng, J., Cherney, M., Christie, W., Contin, G., Crawford, H. J., Das, S., Dedovich, T. G., Deng, J., Deppner, I. M., Derevschikov, A. A., Didenko, L., Dilks, C., Dong, X., Drachenberg, J. L., Draper, J. E., Dunlop, J. C., Efimov, L. G., Elsey, N., Engelage, J., Eppley, G., Esha, R., Esumi, S., Evdokimov, O., Ewigleben, J., Eyser, O., Fatemi, R., Fazio, S., Federic, P., Federicova, P., Fedorisin, J., Feng, Z., Filip, P., Finch, E., Fisyak, Y., Flores, C. E., Fujita, J., Fulek, L., Gagliardi, C. A., Geurts, F., Gibson, A., Girard, M., Grosnick, D., Gunarathne, D. S., Guo, Y., Gupta, A., Guryn, W., Hamad, A. I., Hamed, A., Harlenderova, A., Harris, J. W., He, L., Heppelmann, S., Heppelmann, S., Herrmann, N., Hirsch, A., Horvat, S., Huang, B., Huang, T., Huang, X., Huang, H. Z., Humanic, T. J., Huo, P., Igo, G., Jacobs, W. W., Jentsch, A., Jia, J., Jiang, K., Jowzaee, S., Judd, E. G., Kabana, S., Kalinkin, D., Kang, K., Kapukchyan, D., Kauder, K., Ke, H. W., Keane, D., Kechechyan, A., Khan, Z., Kikoła, D. P., Kim, C., Kisel, I., Kisiel, A., Kochenda, L., Kocmanek, M., Kollegger, T., Kosarzewski, L. K., Kraishan, A. F., Krauth, L., Kravtsov, P., Krueger, K., Kulathunga, N., Kumar, L., Kvapil, J., Kwasizur, J. H., Lacey, R., Landgraf, J. M., Landry, K. D., Lauret, J., Lebedev, A., Lednicky, R., Lee, J. H., Li, X., Li, W., Li, Y., Li, C., Lidrych, J., Lin, T., Lisa, M. A., Liu, F., Liu, P., Liu, Y., Liu, H., Ljubicic, T., Llope, W. J., Lomnitz, M., Longacre, R. S., Luo, X., Luo, S., Ma, G. L., Ma, L., Ma, R., Ma, Y. G., Magdy, N., Majka, R., Mallick, D., Margetis, S., Markert, C., Matis, H. S., Mayes, D., Meehan, K., Mei, J. C., Miller, Z. W., Minaev, N. G., Mioduszewski, S., Mishra, D., Mizuno, S., Mohanty, B., Mondal, M. M., Morozov, D. A., Mustafa, M. K., Nasim, Md., Nayak, T. K., Nelson, J. M., Nemes, D. B., Nie, M., Nigmatkulov, G., Niida, T., Nogach, L. V., Nonaka, T., Nurushev, S. B., Odyniec, G., Ogawa, A., Oh, K., Okorokov, V. A., Olvitt, D., Page, B. S., Pak, R., Pandit, Y., Panebratsev, Y., Pawlik, B., Pei, H., Perkins, C., Pluta, J., Poniatowska, K., Porter, J., Posik, M., Pruthi, N. K., Przybycien, M., Putschke, J., Quintero, A., Ramachandran, S., Ray, R. L., Reed, R., Rehbein, M. J., Ritter, H. G., Roberts, J. B., Rogachevskiy, O. V., Romero, J. L., Roth, J. D., Ruan, L., Rusnak, J., Rusnakova, O., Sahoo, N. R., Sahu, P. K., Salur, S., Sandweiss, J., Saur, M., Schambach, J., Schmah, A. M., Schmidke, W. B., Schmitz, N., Schweid, B. R., Seger, J., Sergeeva, M., Seto, R., Seyboth, P., Shah, N., Shahaliev, E., Shanmuganathan, P. V., Shao, M., Shen, W. Q., Shi, S. S., Shi, Z., Shou, Q. Y., Sichtermann, E. P., Sikora, R., Simko, M., Singha, S., Skoby, M. J., Smirnov, N., Smirnov, D., Solyst, W., Sorensen, P., Spinka, H. M., Srivastava, B., Stanislaus, T. D. S., Stewart, D. J., Strikhanov, M., Stringfellow, B., Suaide, A. A. P., Sugiura, T., Sumbera, M., Summa, B., Sun, Y., Sun, X., Sun, X. M., Surrow, B., Svirida, D. N., Tang, A. H., Tang, Z., Taranenko, A., Tarnowsky, T., Tawfik, A., Thäder, J., Thomas, J. H., Timmins, A. R., Tlusty, D., Todoroki, T., Tokarev, M., Trentalange, S., Tribble, R. E., Tribedy, P., Tripathy, S. K., Trzeciak, B. A., Tsai, O. D., Ullrich, T., Underwood, D. G., Upsal, I., Van Buren, G., van Nieuwenhuizen, G., Vasiliev, A. N., Videbæk, F., Vokal, S., Voloshin, S. A., Vossen, A., Wang, G., Wang, Y., Wang, F., Wang, Y., Webb, G., Webb, J. C., Wen, L., Westfall, G. D., Wieman, H., Wissink, S. W., Witt, R., Wu, Y., Xiao, Z. G., Xie, G., Xie, W., Xu, Y. F., Xu, J., Xu, Q. H., Xu, N., Xu, Z., Yang, S., Yang, Y., Yang, C., Yang, Q., Ye, Z., Ye, Z., Yi, L., Yip, K., Yoo, I. -K., Yu, N., Zbroszczyk, H., Zha, W., Zhang, Z., Zhang, J., Zhang, S., Zhang, S., Zhang, J., Zhang, Y., Zhang, X. P., Zhang, J. B., Zhao, J., Zhong, C., Zhou, L., Zhou, C., Zhu, X., Zhu, Z., & Zyzak, M.. Azimuthal transverse single-spin asymmetries of inclusive jets and charged pions within jets from polarized-proton collisions at s=500GeV. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.97.032004.
Adamczyk, L., Adams, J. R., Adkins, J. K., Agakishiev, G., Aggarwal, M. M., Ahammed, Z., Ajitanand, N. N., Alekseev, I., Anderson, D. M., Aoyama, R., Aparin, A., Arkhipkin, D., Aschenauer, E. C., Ashraf, M. U., Attri, A., Averichev, G. S., Bai, X., Bairathi, V., Barish, K., Behera, A., Bellwied, R., Bhasin, A., Bhati, A. K., Bhattarai, P., Bielcik, J., Bielcikova, J., Bland, L. C., Bordyuzhin, I. G., Bouchet, J., Brandenburg, J. D., Brandin, A. V., Brown, D., Bryslawskyj, J., Bunzarov, I., Butterworth, J., Caines, H., Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M., Campbell, J. M., Cebra, D., Chakaberia, I., Chaloupka, P., Chang, Z., Chankova-Bunzarova, N., Chatterjee, A., Chattopadhyay, S., Chen, X., Chen, X., Chen, J. H., Cheng, J., Cherney, M., Christie, W., Contin, G., Crawford, H. J., Das, S., Dedovich, T. G., Deng, J., Deppner, I. M., Derevschikov, A. A., Didenko, L., Dilks, C., Dong, X., Drachenberg, J. L., Draper, J. E., Dunlop, J. C., Efimov, L. G., Elsey, N., Engelage, J., Eppley, G., Esha, R., Esumi, S., Evdokimov, O., Ewigleben, J., Eyser, O., Fatemi, R., Fazio, S., Federic, P., Federicova, P., Fedorisin, J., Feng, Z., Filip, P., Finch, E., Fisyak, Y., Flores, C. E., Fujita, J., Fulek, L., Gagliardi, C. A., Geurts, F., Gibson, A., Girard, M., Grosnick, D., Gunarathne, D. S., Guo, Y., Gupta, A., Guryn, W., Hamad, A. I., Hamed, A., Harlenderova, A., Harris, J. W., He, L., Heppelmann, S., Heppelmann, S., Herrmann, N., Hirsch, A., Horvat, S., Huang, B., Huang, T., Huang, X., Huang, H. Z., Humanic, T. J., Huo, P., Igo, G., Jacobs, W. W., Jentsch, A., Jia, J., Jiang, K., Jowzaee, S., Judd, E. G., Kabana, S., Kalinkin, D., Kang, K., Kapukchyan, D., Kauder, K., Ke, H. W., Keane, D., Kechechyan, A., Khan, Z., Kikoła, D. P., Kim, C., Kisel, I., Kisiel, A., Kochenda, L., Kocmanek, M., Kollegger, T., Kosarzewski, L. K., Kraishan, A. F., Krauth, L., Kravtsov, P., Krueger, K., Kulathunga, N., Kumar, L., Kvapil, J., Kwasizur, J. H., Lacey, R., Landgraf, J. M., Landry, K. D., Lauret, J., Lebedev, A., Lednicky, R., Lee, J. H., Li, X., Li, W., Li, Y., Li, C., Lidrych, J., Lin, T., Lisa, M. A., Liu, F., Liu, P., Liu, Y., Liu, H., Ljubicic, T., Llope, W. J., Lomnitz, M., Longacre, R. S., Luo, X., Luo, S., Ma, G. L., Ma, L., Ma, R., Ma, Y. G., Magdy, N., Majka, R., Mallick, D., Margetis, S., Markert, C., Matis, H. S., Mayes, D., Meehan, K., Mei, J. C., Miller, Z. W., Minaev, N. G., Mioduszewski, S., Mishra, D., Mizuno, S., Mohanty, B., Mondal, M. M., Morozov, D. A., Mustafa, M. K., Nasim, Md., Nayak, T. K., Nelson, J. M., Nemes, D. B., Nie, M., Nigmatkulov, G., Niida, T., Nogach, L. V., Nonaka, T., Nurushev, S. B., Odyniec, G., Ogawa, A., Oh, K., Okorokov, V. A., Olvitt, D., Page, B. S., Pak, R., Pandit, Y., Panebratsev, Y., Pawlik, B., Pei, H., Perkins, C., Pluta, J., Poniatowska, K., Porter, J., Posik, M., Pruthi, N. K., Przybycien, M., Putschke, J., Quintero, A., Ramachandran, S., Ray, R. L., Reed, R., Rehbein, M. J., Ritter, H. G., Roberts, J. B., Rogachevskiy, O. V., Romero, J. L., Roth, J. D., Ruan, L., Rusnak, J., Rusnakova, O., Sahoo, N. R., Sahu, P. K., Salur, S., Sandweiss, J., Saur, M., Schambach, J., Schmah, A. M., Schmidke, W. B., Schmitz, N., Schweid, B. R., Seger, J., Sergeeva, M., Seto, R., Seyboth, P., Shah, N., Shahaliev, E., Shanmuganathan, P. V., Shao, M., Shen, W. Q., Shi, S. S., Shi, Z., Shou, Q. Y., Sichtermann, E. P., Sikora, R., Simko, M., Singha, S., Skoby, M. J., Smirnov, N., Smirnov, D., Solyst, W., Sorensen, P., Spinka, H. M., Srivastava, B., Stanislaus, T. D. S., Stewart, D. J., Strikhanov, M., Stringfellow, B., Suaide, A. A. P., Sugiura, T., Sumbera, M., Summa, B., Sun, Y., Sun, X., Sun, X. M., Surrow, B., Svirida, D. N., Tang, A. H., Tang, Z., Taranenko, A., Tarnowsky, T., Tawfik, A., Thäder, J., Thomas, J. H., Timmins, A. R., Tlusty, D., Todoroki, T., Tokarev, M., Trentalange, S., Tribble, R. E., Tribedy, P., Tripathy, S. K., Trzeciak, B. A., Tsai, O. D., Ullrich, T., Underwood, D. G., Upsal, I., Van Buren, G., van Nieuwenhuizen, G., Vasiliev, A. N., Videbæk, F., Vokal, S., Voloshin, S. A., Vossen, A., Wang, G., Wang, Y., Wang, F., Wang, Y., Webb, G., Webb, J. C., Wen, L., Westfall, G. D., Wieman, H., Wissink, S. W., Witt, R., Wu, Y., Xiao, Z. G., Xie, G., Xie, W., Xu, Y. F., Xu, J., Xu, Q. H., Xu, N., Xu, Z., Yang, S., Yang, Y., Yang, C., Yang, Q., Ye, Z., Ye, Z., Yi, L., Yip, K., Yoo, I. -K., Yu, N., Zbroszczyk, H., Zha, W., Zhang, Z., Zhang, J., Zhang, S., Zhang, S., Zhang, J., Zhang, Y., Zhang, X. P., Zhang, J. B., Zhao, J., Zhong, C., Zhou, L., Zhou, C., Zhu, X., Zhu, Z., and Zyzak, M.. 2018. "Azimuthal transverse single-spin asymmetries of inclusive jets and charged pions within jets from polarized-proton collisions at s=500GeV". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.97.032004.
@article{osti_1419398,
title = {Azimuthal transverse single-spin asymmetries of inclusive jets and charged pions within jets from polarized-proton collisions at s=500GeV},
author = {Adamczyk, L. and Adams, J. R. and Adkins, J. K. and Agakishiev, G. and Aggarwal, M. M. and Ahammed, Z. and Ajitanand, N. N. and Alekseev, I. and Anderson, D. M. and Aoyama, R. and Aparin, A. and Arkhipkin, D. and Aschenauer, E. C. and Ashraf, M. U. and Attri, A. and Averichev, G. S. and Bai, X. and Bairathi, V. and Barish, K. and Behera, A. and Bellwied, R. and Bhasin, A. and Bhati, A. K. and Bhattarai, P. and Bielcik, J. and Bielcikova, J. and Bland, L. C. and Bordyuzhin, I. G. and Bouchet, J. and Brandenburg, J. D. and Brandin, A. V. and Brown, D. and Bryslawskyj, J. and Bunzarov, I. and Butterworth, J. and Caines, H. and Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M. and Campbell, J. M. and Cebra, D. and Chakaberia, I. and Chaloupka, P. and Chang, Z. and Chankova-Bunzarova, N. and Chatterjee, A. and Chattopadhyay, S. and Chen, X. and Chen, X. and Chen, J. H. and Cheng, J. and Cherney, M. and Christie, W. and Contin, G. and Crawford, H. J. and Das, S. and Dedovich, T. G. and Deng, J. and Deppner, I. M. and Derevschikov, A. A. and Didenko, L. and Dilks, C. and Dong, X. and Drachenberg, J. L. and Draper, J. E. and Dunlop, J. C. and Efimov, L. G. and Elsey, N. and Engelage, J. and Eppley, G. and Esha, R. and Esumi, S. and Evdokimov, O. and Ewigleben, J. and Eyser, O. and Fatemi, R. and Fazio, S. and Federic, P. and Federicova, P. and Fedorisin, J. and Feng, Z. and Filip, P. and Finch, E. and Fisyak, Y. and Flores, C. E. and Fujita, J. and Fulek, L. and Gagliardi, C. A. and Geurts, F. and Gibson, A. and Girard, M. and Grosnick, D. and Gunarathne, D. S. and Guo, Y. and Gupta, A. and Guryn, W. and Hamad, A. I. and Hamed, A. and Harlenderova, A. and Harris, J. W. and He, L. and Heppelmann, S. and Heppelmann, S. and Herrmann, N. and Hirsch, A. and Horvat, S. and Huang, B. and Huang, T. and Huang, X. and Huang, H. Z. and Humanic, T. J. and Huo, P. and Igo, G. and Jacobs, W. W. and Jentsch, A. and Jia, J. and Jiang, K. and Jowzaee, S. and Judd, E. G. and Kabana, S. and Kalinkin, D. and Kang, K. and Kapukchyan, D. and Kauder, K. and Ke, H. W. and Keane, D. and Kechechyan, A. and Khan, Z. and Kikoła, D. P. and Kim, C. and Kisel, I. and Kisiel, A. and Kochenda, L. and Kocmanek, M. and Kollegger, T. and Kosarzewski, L. K. and Kraishan, A. F. and Krauth, L. and Kravtsov, P. and Krueger, K. and Kulathunga, N. and Kumar, L. and Kvapil, J. and Kwasizur, J. H. and Lacey, R. and Landgraf, J. M. and Landry, K. D. and Lauret, J. and Lebedev, A. and Lednicky, R. and Lee, J. H. and Li, X. and Li, W. and Li, Y. and Li, C. and Lidrych, J. and Lin, T. and Lisa, M. A. and Liu, F. and Liu, P. and Liu, Y. and Liu, H. and Ljubicic, T. and Llope, W. J. and Lomnitz, M. and Longacre, R. S. and Luo, X. and Luo, S. and Ma, G. L. and Ma, L. and Ma, R. and Ma, Y. G. and Magdy, N. and Majka, R. and Mallick, D. and Margetis, S. and Markert, C. and Matis, H. S. and Mayes, D. and Meehan, K. and Mei, J. C. and Miller, Z. W. and Minaev, N. G. and Mioduszewski, S. and Mishra, D. and Mizuno, S. and Mohanty, B. and Mondal, M. M. and Morozov, D. A. and Mustafa, M. K. and Nasim, Md. and Nayak, T. K. and Nelson, J. M. and Nemes, D. B. and Nie, M. and Nigmatkulov, G. and Niida, T. and Nogach, L. V. and Nonaka, T. and Nurushev, S. B. and Odyniec, G. and Ogawa, A. and Oh, K. and Okorokov, V. A. and Olvitt, D. and Page, B. S. and Pak, R. and Pandit, Y. and Panebratsev, Y. and Pawlik, B. and Pei, H. and Perkins, C. and Pluta, J. and Poniatowska, K. and Porter, J. and Posik, M. and Pruthi, N. K. and Przybycien, M. and Putschke, J. and Quintero, A. and Ramachandran, S. and Ray, R. L. and Reed, R. and Rehbein, M. J. and Ritter, H. G. and Roberts, J. B. and Rogachevskiy, O. V. and Romero, J. L. and Roth, J. D. and Ruan, L. and Rusnak, J. and Rusnakova, O. and Sahoo, N. R. and Sahu, P. K. and Salur, S. and Sandweiss, J. and Saur, M. and Schambach, J. and Schmah, A. M. and Schmidke, W. B. and Schmitz, N. and Schweid, B. R. and Seger, J. and Sergeeva, M. and Seto, R. and Seyboth, P. and Shah, N. and Shahaliev, E. and Shanmuganathan, P. V. and Shao, M. and Shen, W. Q. and Shi, S. S. and Shi, Z. and Shou, Q. Y. and Sichtermann, E. P. and Sikora, R. and Simko, M. and Singha, S. and Skoby, M. J. and Smirnov, N. and Smirnov, D. and Solyst, W. and Sorensen, P. and Spinka, H. M. and Srivastava, B. and Stanislaus, T. D. S. and Stewart, D. J. and Strikhanov, M. and Stringfellow, B. and Suaide, A. A. P. and Sugiura, T. and Sumbera, M. and Summa, B. and Sun, Y. and Sun, X. and Sun, X. M. and Surrow, B. and Svirida, D. N. and Tang, A. H. and Tang, Z. and Taranenko, A. and Tarnowsky, T. and Tawfik, A. and Thäder, J. and Thomas, J. H. and Timmins, A. R. and Tlusty, D. and Todoroki, T. and Tokarev, M. and Trentalange, S. and Tribble, R. E. and Tribedy, P. and Tripathy, S. K. and Trzeciak, B. A. and Tsai, O. D. and Ullrich, T. and Underwood, D. G. and Upsal, I. and Van Buren, G. and van Nieuwenhuizen, G. and Vasiliev, A. N. and Videbæk, F. and Vokal, S. and Voloshin, S. A. and Vossen, A. and Wang, G. and Wang, Y. and Wang, F. and Wang, Y. and Webb, G. and Webb, J. C. and Wen, L. and Westfall, G. D. and Wieman, H. and Wissink, S. W. and Witt, R. and Wu, Y. and Xiao, Z. G. and Xie, G. and Xie, W. and Xu, Y. F. and Xu, J. and Xu, Q. H. and Xu, N. and Xu, Z. and Yang, S. and Yang, Y. and Yang, C. and Yang, Q. and Ye, Z. and Ye, Z. and Yi, L. and Yip, K. and Yoo, I. -K. and Yu, N. and Zbroszczyk, H. and Zha, W. and Zhang, Z. and Zhang, J. and Zhang, S. and Zhang, S. and Zhang, J. and Zhang, Y. and Zhang, X. P. and Zhang, J. B. and Zhao, J. and Zhong, C. and Zhou, L. and Zhou, C. and Zhu, X. and Zhu, Z. and Zyzak, M.},
abstractNote = {In this paper, we report the first measurements of transverse single-spin asymmetries for inclusive jet and jet+π± production at midrapidity from transversely polarized proton-proton collisions at √s = 500 GeV. The data were collected in 2011 with the STAR detector sampled from 23 pb-1 integrated luminosity with an average beam polarization of 53%. Asymmetries are reported for jets with transverse momenta 6 < pT < 55 GeV/c and pseudorapidity |η| < 1. Presented are measurements of the inclusive-jet azimuthal transverse single-spin asymmetry, sensitive to twist-3 initial-state quarkgluon correlators; the Collins asymmetry, sensitive to quark transversity coupled to the polarized Collins fragmentation function; and the first measurement of the “Collins-like” asymmetry, sensitive to linearly polarized gluons. Within the present statistical precision, inclusive-jet and Collins-like 3 asymmetries are small, with the latter allowing the first experimental constraints on gluon linear polarization in a polarized proton. At higher values of jet transverse momenta, we observe the first non-zero Collins asymmetries in polarized-proton collisions, with a statistical significance of greater than 5σ. The results span a range of x similar to results from SIDIS but at much higher Q2. Finally, the Collins results enable tests of universality and factorization-breaking in the transverse momentum-dependent formulation of perturbative quantum chromodynamics.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.97.032004},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 3,
volume = 97,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}