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Title: TeV Gamma-Ray Observations of the Binary Neutron Star Merger GW170817 with H.E.S.S.

Here, we search for high-energy gamma-ray emission from the binary neutron star merger GW170817 with the H.E.S.S. Imaging Air Cherenkov Telescopes. The observations presented here have been obtained starting only 5.3 hr after GW170817. The H.E.S.S. target selection identified regions of high probability to find a counterpart of the gravitational-wave event. The first of these regions contained the counterpart SSS17a that has been identified in the optical range several hours after our observations. We can therefore present the first data obtained by a ground-based pointing instrument on this object. A subsequent monitoring campaign with the H.E.S.S. telescopes extended over several days, covering timescales from 0.22 to 5.2 days and energy ranges between $$270\,\mathrm{GeV}$$ to $$8.55\,\mathrm{TeV}$$. No significant gamma-ray emission has been found. The derived upper limits on the very-high-energy gamma-ray flux for the first time constrain non-thermal, high-energy emission following the merger of a confirmed binary neutron star system.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal. Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 850; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-8213
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Contributing Orgs:
H.E.S.S. Collaboration
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gamma-ray burst: individual (GRB 170817A); gamma rays: general – gravitational waves
OSTI Identifier:
1419257

Abdalla, H., Abramowski, A., Aharonian, F., Benkhali, F. Ait, Angüner, E. O., Arakawa, M., Arrieta, M., Aubert, P., Backes, M., Balzer, A., Barnard, M., Becherini, Y., Tjus, J. Becker, Berge, D., Bernhard, S., Bernlöhr, K., Blackwell, R., Böttcher, M., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bonnefoy, S., Bordas, P., Bregeon, J., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bryan, M., Büchele, M., Bulik, T., Capasso, M., Caroff, S., Carosi, A., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chakraborty, N., Chaves, R. C. G., Chen, A., Chevalier, J., Colafrancesco, S., Condon, B., Conrad, J., Davids, I. D., Decock, J., Deil, C., Devin, J., deWilt, P., Dirson, L., Djannati-Ataï, A., Donath, A., Drury, L. O’C., Dutson, K., Dyks, J., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Emery, G., Ernenwein, J. -P., Eschbach, S., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Fernandes, M. V., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Funk, S., Füssling, M., Gabici, S., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Gaté, F., Giavitto, G., Giebels, B., Glawion, D., Glicenstein, J. F., Gottschall, D., Grondin, M. -H., Hahn, J., Haupt, M., Hawkes, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hoischen, C., Holch, T. L., Holler, M., Horns, D., Ivascenko, A., Iwasaki, H., Jacholkowska, A., Jamrozy, M., Jankowsky, D., Jankowsky, F., Jingo, M., Jouvin, L., Jung-Richardt, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzyński, K., Katsuragawa, M., Katz, U., Kerszberg, D., Khangulyan, D., Khélifi, B., King, J., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluźniak, W., Komin, Nu., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Kraus, M., Krüger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lau, J., Lees, J. -P., Lefaucheur, J., Lemière, A., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Leser, E., Lohse, T., Lorentz, M., Liu, R., López-Coto, R., Lypova, I., Malyshev, D., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Mariaud, C., Marx, R., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., Meintjes, P. J., Meyer, M., Mitchell, A. M. W., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Mohrmann, L., Morå, K., Moulin, E., Murach, T., Nakashima, S., Naurois, M. de, Ndiyavala, H., Niederwanger, F., Niemiec, J., Oakes, L., O’Brien, P., Odaka, H., Ohm, S., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Padovani, M., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perennes, C., Petrucci, P. -O., Peyaud, B., Piel, Q., Pita, S., Poireau, V., Poon, H., Prokhorov, D., Prokoph, H., Pühlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Rauth, R., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., Reyes, R. de los, Rieger, F., Rinchiuso, L., Romoli, C., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Sahakian, V., Saito, S., Sanchez, D. A., Santangelo, A., Sasaki, M., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwemmer, S., Seglar-Arroyo, M., Settimo, M., Seyffert, A. S., Shafi, N., Shilon, I., Shiningayamwe, K., Simoni, R., Sol, H., Spanier, F., Spir-Jacob, M., Stawarz, Ł., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Steppa, C., Sushch, I., Takahashi, T., Tavernet, J. -P., Tavernier, T., Taylor, A. M., Terrier, R., Tibaldo, L., Tiziani, D., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Tsirou, M., Tsuji, N., Tuffs, R., Uchiyama, Y., Walt, D. J. van der, Eldik, C. van, Rensburg, C. van, Soelen, B. van, Vasileiadis, G., Veh, J., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Vink, J., Voisin, F., Völk, H. J., Vuillaume, T., Wadiasingh, Z., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Wagner, R. M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wörnlein, A., Wouters, D., Yang, R., Zaborov, D., Zacharias, M., Zanin, R., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Zefi, F., Ziegler, A., Zorn, J., and Zywucka, N.. TeV Gamma-Ray Observations of the Binary Neutron Star Merger GW170817 with H.E.S.S.. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aa97d2.
Abdalla, H., Abramowski, A., Aharonian, F., Benkhali, F. Ait, Angüner, E. O., Arakawa, M., Arrieta, M., Aubert, P., Backes, M., Balzer, A., Barnard, M., Becherini, Y., Tjus, J. Becker, Berge, D., Bernhard, S., Bernlöhr, K., Blackwell, R., Böttcher, M., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bonnefoy, S., Bordas, P., Bregeon, J., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bryan, M., Büchele, M., Bulik, T., Capasso, M., Caroff, S., Carosi, A., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chakraborty, N., Chaves, R. C. G., Chen, A., Chevalier, J., Colafrancesco, S., Condon, B., Conrad, J., Davids, I. D., Decock, J., Deil, C., Devin, J., deWilt, P., Dirson, L., Djannati-Ataï, A., Donath, A., Drury, L. O’C., Dutson, K., Dyks, J., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Emery, G., Ernenwein, J. -P., Eschbach, S., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Fernandes, M. V., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Funk, S., Füssling, M., Gabici, S., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Gaté, F., Giavitto, G., Giebels, B., Glawion, D., Glicenstein, J. F., Gottschall, D., Grondin, M. -H., Hahn, J., Haupt, M., Hawkes, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hoischen, C., Holch, T. L., Holler, M., Horns, D., Ivascenko, A., Iwasaki, H., Jacholkowska, A., Jamrozy, M., Jankowsky, D., Jankowsky, F., Jingo, M., Jouvin, L., Jung-Richardt, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzyński, K., Katsuragawa, M., Katz, U., Kerszberg, D., Khangulyan, D., Khélifi, B., King, J., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluźniak, W., Komin, Nu., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Kraus, M., Krüger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lau, J., Lees, J. -P., Lefaucheur, J., Lemière, A., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Leser, E., Lohse, T., Lorentz, M., Liu, R., López-Coto, R., Lypova, I., Malyshev, D., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Mariaud, C., Marx, R., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., Meintjes, P. J., Meyer, M., Mitchell, A. M. W., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Mohrmann, L., Morå, K., Moulin, E., Murach, T., Nakashima, S., Naurois, M. de, Ndiyavala, H., Niederwanger, F., Niemiec, J., Oakes, L., O’Brien, P., Odaka, H., Ohm, S., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Padovani, M., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perennes, C., Petrucci, P. -O., Peyaud, B., Piel, Q., Pita, S., Poireau, V., Poon, H., Prokhorov, D., Prokoph, H., Pühlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Rauth, R., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., Reyes, R. de los, Rieger, F., Rinchiuso, L., Romoli, C., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Sahakian, V., Saito, S., Sanchez, D. A., Santangelo, A., Sasaki, M., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwemmer, S., Seglar-Arroyo, M., Settimo, M., Seyffert, A. S., Shafi, N., Shilon, I., Shiningayamwe, K., Simoni, R., Sol, H., Spanier, F., Spir-Jacob, M., Stawarz, Ł., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Steppa, C., Sushch, I., Takahashi, T., Tavernet, J. -P., Tavernier, T., Taylor, A. M., Terrier, R., Tibaldo, L., Tiziani, D., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Tsirou, M., Tsuji, N., Tuffs, R., Uchiyama, Y., Walt, D. J. van der, Eldik, C. van, Rensburg, C. van, Soelen, B. van, Vasileiadis, G., Veh, J., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Vink, J., Voisin, F., Völk, H. J., Vuillaume, T., Wadiasingh, Z., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Wagner, R. M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wörnlein, A., Wouters, D., Yang, R., Zaborov, D., Zacharias, M., Zanin, R., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Zefi, F., Ziegler, A., Zorn, J., & Zywucka, N.. TeV Gamma-Ray Observations of the Binary Neutron Star Merger GW170817 with H.E.S.S.. United States. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aa97d2.
Abdalla, H., Abramowski, A., Aharonian, F., Benkhali, F. Ait, Angüner, E. O., Arakawa, M., Arrieta, M., Aubert, P., Backes, M., Balzer, A., Barnard, M., Becherini, Y., Tjus, J. Becker, Berge, D., Bernhard, S., Bernlöhr, K., Blackwell, R., Böttcher, M., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bonnefoy, S., Bordas, P., Bregeon, J., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bryan, M., Büchele, M., Bulik, T., Capasso, M., Caroff, S., Carosi, A., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chakraborty, N., Chaves, R. C. G., Chen, A., Chevalier, J., Colafrancesco, S., Condon, B., Conrad, J., Davids, I. D., Decock, J., Deil, C., Devin, J., deWilt, P., Dirson, L., Djannati-Ataï, A., Donath, A., Drury, L. O’C., Dutson, K., Dyks, J., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Emery, G., Ernenwein, J. -P., Eschbach, S., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Fernandes, M. V., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Funk, S., Füssling, M., Gabici, S., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Gaté, F., Giavitto, G., Giebels, B., Glawion, D., Glicenstein, J. F., Gottschall, D., Grondin, M. -H., Hahn, J., Haupt, M., Hawkes, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hoischen, C., Holch, T. L., Holler, M., Horns, D., Ivascenko, A., Iwasaki, H., Jacholkowska, A., Jamrozy, M., Jankowsky, D., Jankowsky, F., Jingo, M., Jouvin, L., Jung-Richardt, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzyński, K., Katsuragawa, M., Katz, U., Kerszberg, D., Khangulyan, D., Khélifi, B., King, J., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluźniak, W., Komin, Nu., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Kraus, M., Krüger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lau, J., Lees, J. -P., Lefaucheur, J., Lemière, A., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Leser, E., Lohse, T., Lorentz, M., Liu, R., López-Coto, R., Lypova, I., Malyshev, D., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Mariaud, C., Marx, R., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., Meintjes, P. J., Meyer, M., Mitchell, A. M. W., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Mohrmann, L., Morå, K., Moulin, E., Murach, T., Nakashima, S., Naurois, M. de, Ndiyavala, H., Niederwanger, F., Niemiec, J., Oakes, L., O’Brien, P., Odaka, H., Ohm, S., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Padovani, M., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perennes, C., Petrucci, P. -O., Peyaud, B., Piel, Q., Pita, S., Poireau, V., Poon, H., Prokhorov, D., Prokoph, H., Pühlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Rauth, R., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., Reyes, R. de los, Rieger, F., Rinchiuso, L., Romoli, C., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Sahakian, V., Saito, S., Sanchez, D. A., Santangelo, A., Sasaki, M., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwemmer, S., Seglar-Arroyo, M., Settimo, M., Seyffert, A. S., Shafi, N., Shilon, I., Shiningayamwe, K., Simoni, R., Sol, H., Spanier, F., Spir-Jacob, M., Stawarz, Ł., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Steppa, C., Sushch, I., Takahashi, T., Tavernet, J. -P., Tavernier, T., Taylor, A. M., Terrier, R., Tibaldo, L., Tiziani, D., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Tsirou, M., Tsuji, N., Tuffs, R., Uchiyama, Y., Walt, D. J. van der, Eldik, C. van, Rensburg, C. van, Soelen, B. van, Vasileiadis, G., Veh, J., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Vink, J., Voisin, F., Völk, H. J., Vuillaume, T., Wadiasingh, Z., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Wagner, R. M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wörnlein, A., Wouters, D., Yang, R., Zaborov, D., Zacharias, M., Zanin, R., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Zefi, F., Ziegler, A., Zorn, J., and Zywucka, N.. 2017. "TeV Gamma-Ray Observations of the Binary Neutron Star Merger GW170817 with H.E.S.S.". United States. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aa97d2.
@article{osti_1419257,
title = {TeV Gamma-Ray Observations of the Binary Neutron Star Merger GW170817 with H.E.S.S.},
author = {Abdalla, H. and Abramowski, A. and Aharonian, F. and Benkhali, F. Ait and Angüner, E. O. and Arakawa, M. and Arrieta, M. and Aubert, P. and Backes, M. and Balzer, A. and Barnard, M. and Becherini, Y. and Tjus, J. Becker and Berge, D. and Bernhard, S. and Bernlöhr, K. and Blackwell, R. and Böttcher, M. and Boisson, C. and Bolmont, J. and Bonnefoy, S. and Bordas, P. and Bregeon, J. and Brun, F. and Brun, P. and Bryan, M. and Büchele, M. and Bulik, T. and Capasso, M. and Caroff, S. and Carosi, A. and Casanova, S. and Cerruti, M. and Chakraborty, N. and Chaves, R. C. G. and Chen, A. and Chevalier, J. and Colafrancesco, S. and Condon, B. and Conrad, J. and Davids, I. D. and Decock, J. and Deil, C. and Devin, J. and deWilt, P. and Dirson, L. and Djannati-Ataï, A. and Donath, A. and Drury, L. O’C. and Dutson, K. and Dyks, J. and Edwards, T. and Egberts, K. and Emery, G. and Ernenwein, J. -P. and Eschbach, S. and Farnier, C. and Fegan, S. and Fernandes, M. V. and Fiasson, A. and Fontaine, G. and Funk, S. and Füssling, M. and Gabici, S. and Gallant, Y. A. and Garrigoux, T. and Gaté, F. and Giavitto, G. and Giebels, B. and Glawion, D. and Glicenstein, J. F. and Gottschall, D. and Grondin, M. -H. and Hahn, J. and Haupt, M. and Hawkes, J. and Heinzelmann, G. and Henri, G. and Hermann, G. and Hinton, J. A. and Hofmann, W. and Hoischen, C. and Holch, T. L. and Holler, M. and Horns, D. and Ivascenko, A. and Iwasaki, H. and Jacholkowska, A. and Jamrozy, M. and Jankowsky, D. and Jankowsky, F. and Jingo, M. and Jouvin, L. and Jung-Richardt, I. and Kastendieck, M. A. and Katarzyński, K. and Katsuragawa, M. and Katz, U. and Kerszberg, D. and Khangulyan, D. and Khélifi, B. and King, J. and Klepser, S. and Klochkov, D. and Kluźniak, W. and Komin, Nu. and Kosack, K. and Krakau, S. and Kraus, M. and Krüger, P. P. and Laffon, H. and Lamanna, G. and Lau, J. and Lees, J. -P. and Lefaucheur, J. and Lemière, A. and Lemoine-Goumard, M. and Lenain, J. -P. and Leser, E. and Lohse, T. and Lorentz, M. and Liu, R. and López-Coto, R. and Lypova, I. and Malyshev, D. and Marandon, V. and Marcowith, A. and Mariaud, C. and Marx, R. and Maurin, G. and Maxted, N. and Mayer, M. and Meintjes, P. J. and Meyer, M. and Mitchell, A. M. W. and Moderski, R. and Mohamed, M. and Mohrmann, L. and Morå, K. and Moulin, E. and Murach, T. and Nakashima, S. and Naurois, M. de and Ndiyavala, H. and Niederwanger, F. and Niemiec, J. and Oakes, L. and O’Brien, P. and Odaka, H. and Ohm, S. and Ostrowski, M. and Oya, I. and Padovani, M. and Panter, M. and Parsons, R. D. and Pekeur, N. W. and Pelletier, G. and Perennes, C. and Petrucci, P. -O. and Peyaud, B. and Piel, Q. and Pita, S. and Poireau, V. and Poon, H. and Prokhorov, D. and Prokoph, H. and Pühlhofer, G. and Punch, M. and Quirrenbach, A. and Raab, S. and Rauth, R. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Renaud, M. and Reyes, R. de los and Rieger, F. and Rinchiuso, L. and Romoli, C. and Rowell, G. and Rudak, B. and Rulten, C. B. and Sahakian, V. and Saito, S. and Sanchez, D. A. and Santangelo, A. and Sasaki, M. and Schlickeiser, R. and Schüssler, F. and Schulz, A. and Schwanke, U. and Schwemmer, S. and Seglar-Arroyo, M. and Settimo, M. and Seyffert, A. S. and Shafi, N. and Shilon, I. and Shiningayamwe, K. and Simoni, R. and Sol, H. and Spanier, F. and Spir-Jacob, M. and Stawarz, Ł. and Steenkamp, R. and Stegmann, C. and Steppa, C. and Sushch, I. and Takahashi, T. and Tavernet, J. -P. and Tavernier, T. and Taylor, A. M. and Terrier, R. and Tibaldo, L. and Tiziani, D. and Tluczykont, M. and Trichard, C. and Tsirou, M. and Tsuji, N. and Tuffs, R. and Uchiyama, Y. and Walt, D. J. van der and Eldik, C. van and Rensburg, C. van and Soelen, B. van and Vasileiadis, G. and Veh, J. and Venter, C. and Viana, A. and Vincent, P. and Vink, J. and Voisin, F. and Völk, H. J. and Vuillaume, T. and Wadiasingh, Z. and Wagner, S. J. and Wagner, P. and Wagner, R. M. and White, R. and Wierzcholska, A. and Willmann, P. and Wörnlein, A. and Wouters, D. and Yang, R. and Zaborov, D. and Zacharias, M. and Zanin, R. and Zdziarski, A. A. and Zech, A. and Zefi, F. and Ziegler, A. and Zorn, J. and Zywucka, N.},
abstractNote = {Here, we search for high-energy gamma-ray emission from the binary neutron star merger GW170817 with the H.E.S.S. Imaging Air Cherenkov Telescopes. The observations presented here have been obtained starting only 5.3 hr after GW170817. The H.E.S.S. target selection identified regions of high probability to find a counterpart of the gravitational-wave event. The first of these regions contained the counterpart SSS17a that has been identified in the optical range several hours after our observations. We can therefore present the first data obtained by a ground-based pointing instrument on this object. A subsequent monitoring campaign with the H.E.S.S. telescopes extended over several days, covering timescales from 0.22 to 5.2 days and energy ranges between $270\,\mathrm{GeV}$ to $8.55\,\mathrm{TeV}$. No significant gamma-ray emission has been found. The derived upper limits on the very-high-energy gamma-ray flux for the first time constrain non-thermal, high-energy emission following the merger of a confirmed binary neutron star system.},
doi = {10.3847/2041-8213/aa97d2},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal. Letters},
number = 2,
volume = 850,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}