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Title: Redox stratification of an ancient lake in Gale crater, Mars

Abstract

In 2012, NASA’s Curiosity rover landed on Mars to assess its potential as a habitat for past life and investigate the paleoclimate record preserved by sedimentary rocks inside the ~150-kilometer-diameter Gale impact crater. Geological reconstructions from Curiosity rover data have revealed an ancient, habitable lake environment fed by rivers draining into the crater. We synthesize geochemical and mineralogical data from lake-bed mudstones collected during the first 1300 martian solar days of rover operations in Gale. We present evidence for lake redox stratification, established by depth-dependent variations in atmospheric oxidant and dissolved-solute concentrations. Paleoclimate proxy data indicate that a transition from colder to warmer climate conditions is preserved in the stratigraphy. Lastly, a late phase of geochemical modification by saline fluids is recognized.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [8]; ORCiD logo [9]; ORCiD logo [10];  [11]; ORCiD logo [12]; ORCiD logo [13]; ORCiD logo [13];  [14]; ORCiD logo [15] more »;  [2]; ORCiD logo [16]; ORCiD logo [17] « less
  1. Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)
  2. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  3. Brown Univ., Providence, RI (United States)
  4. NASA Ames Research Center (ARC), Moffett Field, CA (United States)
  5. Univ. Paul Sabatier, Toulouse (France)
  6. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD (United States)
  7. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas - Instituto Nacional de Tecnica Aeroespacial (CSIC-INTA), Madrid (Spain); Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)
  8. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Univ. of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark)
  9. Univ. of Guelph, Guelph, ON (Canada)
  10. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. (United States)
  11. Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)
  12. U.S. Geological Survey, Flagstaff, AZ (United States)
  13. NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX (United States)
  14. Brock Univ., St. Catharines, ON (Canada)
  15. Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States); California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  16. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
  17. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA); USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1418769
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-27689
Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 356; Journal Issue: 6341; Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Publisher:
AAAS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; Planetary Sciences

Citation Formats

Hurowitz, Joel A., Grotzinger, John P., Fischer, Woodward W., McLennan, Scott M., Milliken, Ralph E., Stein, Nathan, Vasavada, Ashwin R., Blake, David F., Dehouck, Erwin, Eigenbrode, Jen L., Fairen, Alberto G., Frydenvang, Jens, Gellert, Ralf, Grant, John A., Gupta, Sanjeev, Herkenhoff, Kenneth E., Ming, Doug W., Rampe, Elizabeth B., Schmidt, Mariek E., Siebach, Kirsten L., Stack-Morgan, Katherine, Sumner, Dawn Y., and Wiens, Roger Craig. Redox stratification of an ancient lake in Gale crater, Mars. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1126/science.aah6849.
Hurowitz, Joel A., Grotzinger, John P., Fischer, Woodward W., McLennan, Scott M., Milliken, Ralph E., Stein, Nathan, Vasavada, Ashwin R., Blake, David F., Dehouck, Erwin, Eigenbrode, Jen L., Fairen, Alberto G., Frydenvang, Jens, Gellert, Ralf, Grant, John A., Gupta, Sanjeev, Herkenhoff, Kenneth E., Ming, Doug W., Rampe, Elizabeth B., Schmidt, Mariek E., Siebach, Kirsten L., Stack-Morgan, Katherine, Sumner, Dawn Y., & Wiens, Roger Craig. Redox stratification of an ancient lake in Gale crater, Mars. United States. doi:10.1126/science.aah6849.
Hurowitz, Joel A., Grotzinger, John P., Fischer, Woodward W., McLennan, Scott M., Milliken, Ralph E., Stein, Nathan, Vasavada, Ashwin R., Blake, David F., Dehouck, Erwin, Eigenbrode, Jen L., Fairen, Alberto G., Frydenvang, Jens, Gellert, Ralf, Grant, John A., Gupta, Sanjeev, Herkenhoff, Kenneth E., Ming, Doug W., Rampe, Elizabeth B., Schmidt, Mariek E., Siebach, Kirsten L., Stack-Morgan, Katherine, Sumner, Dawn Y., and Wiens, Roger Craig. Fri . "Redox stratification of an ancient lake in Gale crater, Mars". United States. doi:10.1126/science.aah6849. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1418769.
@article{osti_1418769,
title = {Redox stratification of an ancient lake in Gale crater, Mars},
author = {Hurowitz, Joel A. and Grotzinger, John P. and Fischer, Woodward W. and McLennan, Scott M. and Milliken, Ralph E. and Stein, Nathan and Vasavada, Ashwin R. and Blake, David F. and Dehouck, Erwin and Eigenbrode, Jen L. and Fairen, Alberto G. and Frydenvang, Jens and Gellert, Ralf and Grant, John A. and Gupta, Sanjeev and Herkenhoff, Kenneth E. and Ming, Doug W. and Rampe, Elizabeth B. and Schmidt, Mariek E. and Siebach, Kirsten L. and Stack-Morgan, Katherine and Sumner, Dawn Y. and Wiens, Roger Craig},
abstractNote = {In 2012, NASA’s Curiosity rover landed on Mars to assess its potential as a habitat for past life and investigate the paleoclimate record preserved by sedimentary rocks inside the ~150-kilometer-diameter Gale impact crater. Geological reconstructions from Curiosity rover data have revealed an ancient, habitable lake environment fed by rivers draining into the crater. We synthesize geochemical and mineralogical data from lake-bed mudstones collected during the first 1300 martian solar days of rover operations in Gale. We present evidence for lake redox stratification, established by depth-dependent variations in atmospheric oxidant and dissolved-solute concentrations. Paleoclimate proxy data indicate that a transition from colder to warmer climate conditions is preserved in the stratigraphy. Lastly, a late phase of geochemical modification by saline fluids is recognized.},
doi = {10.1126/science.aah6849},
journal = {Science},
number = 6341,
volume = 356,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}

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    Organic matter preserved in 3-billion-year-old mudstones at Gale crater, Mars
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    Deep Microbial Colonization in Saponite-Bearing Fractures in Aged Basaltic Crust: Implications for Subsurface Life on Mars
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