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Title: Ab initio X-ray absorption modeling of Cu-SAPO-34: Characterization of Cu exchange sites under different conditions

Copper-exchanged SAPO-34 (Cu-SAPO-34) provides excellent catalytic activity and hydrothermal sta-bility in the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NOxby using NH3as a reductant. Here, we find that the6-membered ring (6MR) site is the most energetically favorable for a Cu+ion while the 8-memberedring (8MR) sites are less favorable by about 0.5 eV with respect to the 6MR site in Cu-SAPO-34. Uponadsorption of molecular species (H2O, O, OH, O2), the energy differences between Cu in the 8MR and 6MRsites decreases and almost disappears. Further, a thermodynamic phase diagram study shows that a Cu+ion bound to a single H2O molecule is the most stable species at low oxygen potential values while aCu2+ion bound to 2 OH species is more stable when the oxygen chemical potential is sufficiently high. Bycomparing Cu K-edge XANES between Cu-SSZ-13 and Cu-SAPO-34 with Cu in different oxidation states,we conclude that it is difficult to differentiate the simulated XANES of Cu in these structures at a givenoxidation state. By studying the Cu K-edge XANES of several favorable structures in Cu-SAPO-34 in thepresence of adspecies, the simulated XANES results capture the real trend of the edge shift with oxidationstate and gives new insights into the experimentally determined XANES of Cu-SAPO-34 obtained understandardmore » SCR conditions.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
CBET-1258717
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Catalysis Today
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 267; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0920-5861
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
OSTI Identifier:
1418528
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1358897