skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Understanding the structure–property relationships of the ferroelectric to relaxor transition of the (1-x)BaTiO3–(x)BiInO3 lead-free piezoelectric system

Abstract

A structural and electromechanical investigation has been performed on (1-x)BaTiO3–(x)BiInO3 in the region 0.03 ≤ x ≤ 0.12. A gradual structural phase transition has been observed where the structure changes from tetragonal (P4mm) and passes through two regions of coexisting phases: (1) P4mm + R3m in the range 0.03 ≤ x ≤ 0.075 and (2) Pm$$\bar{3}$$m + R3m for 0.10 ≤ x ≤ 0.12. The properties also transition from ferroelectric (x ≤ 0.03) to relaxor ferroelectric (x ≥ 0.05) as the dielectric permittivity maximum becomes temperature and frequency dependent. This transition was also confirmed via polarization-electric field measurements as well as strain-electric field measurements. At the critical composition of x = 0.065, a moderate strain of ~0.104% and an effective piezoelectric coefficient (d$$*\atop{33}$$) of 260 pm/V were observed. Finally, the original purpose of this study was to demonstrate the polarization extension mechanism as predicted in the literature, but due to the ferroelectric to relaxor transition, this mechanism was not found to be present in this system. However, this demonstrates that BaTiO3-based lead-free ceramics could be modified to obtain enhanced electromechanical properties for actuator applications.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1418520
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; DMR- 1606909
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 52; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-2461
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Manjón-Sanz, Alicia, Berger, Caitlin, and Dolgos, Michelle R. Understanding the structure–property relationships of the ferroelectric to relaxor transition of the (1-x)BaTiO3–(x)BiInO3 lead-free piezoelectric system. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1007/s10853-017-0770-x.
Manjón-Sanz, Alicia, Berger, Caitlin, & Dolgos, Michelle R. Understanding the structure–property relationships of the ferroelectric to relaxor transition of the (1-x)BaTiO3–(x)BiInO3 lead-free piezoelectric system. United States. doi:10.1007/s10853-017-0770-x.
Manjón-Sanz, Alicia, Berger, Caitlin, and Dolgos, Michelle R. Mon . "Understanding the structure–property relationships of the ferroelectric to relaxor transition of the (1-x)BaTiO3–(x)BiInO3 lead-free piezoelectric system". United States. doi:10.1007/s10853-017-0770-x. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1418520.
@article{osti_1418520,
title = {Understanding the structure–property relationships of the ferroelectric to relaxor transition of the (1-x)BaTiO3–(x)BiInO3 lead-free piezoelectric system},
author = {Manjón-Sanz, Alicia and Berger, Caitlin and Dolgos, Michelle R.},
abstractNote = {A structural and electromechanical investigation has been performed on (1-x)BaTiO3–(x)BiInO3 in the region 0.03 ≤ x ≤ 0.12. A gradual structural phase transition has been observed where the structure changes from tetragonal (P4mm) and passes through two regions of coexisting phases: (1) P4mm + R3m in the range 0.03 ≤ x ≤ 0.075 and (2) Pm$\bar{3}$m + R3m for 0.10 ≤ x ≤ 0.12. The properties also transition from ferroelectric (x ≤ 0.03) to relaxor ferroelectric (x ≥ 0.05) as the dielectric permittivity maximum becomes temperature and frequency dependent. This transition was also confirmed via polarization-electric field measurements as well as strain-electric field measurements. At the critical composition of x = 0.065, a moderate strain of ~0.104% and an effective piezoelectric coefficient (d$*\atop{33}$) of 260 pm/V were observed. Finally, the original purpose of this study was to demonstrate the polarization extension mechanism as predicted in the literature, but due to the ferroelectric to relaxor transition, this mechanism was not found to be present in this system. However, this demonstrates that BaTiO3-based lead-free ceramics could be modified to obtain enhanced electromechanical properties for actuator applications.},
doi = {10.1007/s10853-017-0770-x},
journal = {Journal of Materials Science},
number = 9,
volume = 52,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 5 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Compositionally driven ferroelectric phase transition in xBiInO3–(1−x)BaTiO3: a lead-free perovskite-based piezoelectric material
journal, May 2010

  • Datta, K.; Suard, E.; Thomas, P. A.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 96, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3442504

Factors influencing the piezoelectric behaviour of PZT and other “morphotropic phase boundary” ferroelectrics
journal, January 2006


Polarization rotation mechanism for ultrahigh electromechanical response in single-crystal piezoelectrics
journal, January 2000

  • Fu, Huaxiang; Cohen, Ronald E.
  • Nature, Vol. 403, Issue 6767
  • DOI: 10.1038/35002022

Comments on Origins of Enhanced Piezoelectric Properties in Ferroelectrics
journal, August 2009

  • Damjanovic, D.; Damjanovic, Dragan; Damjanovic, Dragan
  • IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, Vol. 56, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1109/TUFFC.2009.1222

Perspective on the Development of Lead-free Piezoceramics
journal, June 2009


Whole-profile structure solution from powder diffraction data using simulated annealing
journal, June 2000


Origin of the Anomalous Piezoelectric Response in Wurtzite Sc x Al 1 x N Alloys
journal, April 2010


First-principles study of the structure, electronic, and optical properties of orthorhombic BiInO3
journal, August 2007

  • Li, Chenliang; Wang, Hai; Wang, Biao
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 91, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2770761

Preparation and Characterization of High Temperature Perovskite Ferroelectrics in the Solid-Solution (1- x )BiScO 3x PbTiO 3
journal, April 2002

  • Eitel, Richard E.; Randall, Clive A.; Shrout, Thomas R.
  • Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 41, Issue Part 1, No. 4A
  • DOI: 10.1143/JJAP.41.2099

Enhancement of Piezoelectric Response in Scandium Aluminum Nitride Alloy Thin Films Prepared by Dual Reactive Cosputtering
journal, December 2008

  • Akiyama, Morito; Kamohara, Toshihiro; Kano, Kazuhiko
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 21, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.200802611

Phenomenological model of anisotropic peak broadening in powder diffraction
journal, April 1999


Nanoscale ferroelectric/relaxor composites: Origin of large strain in lead–free Bi–based incipient piezoelectric ceramics
journal, November 2016


Lead-free piezoelectric ceramics: Alternatives for PZT?
journal, February 2007


Local structure and evolution of relaxor behavior in BaTiO3–Bi(Zn0.5Ti0.5)O3 ceramics
journal, November 2014


Review: environmental friendly lead-free piezoelectric materials
journal, October 2009


BiInO 3 :  A Polar Oxide with GdFeO 3 -Type Perovskite Structure
journal, April 2006

  • Belik, Alexei A.; Stefanovich, Sergey Yu.; Lazoryak, Bogdan I.
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 18, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm052627s

Contributions to the Piezoelectric Effect in Ferroelectric Single Crystals and Ceramics
journal, October 2005


High-pressure synthesis and ferroelectric properties in perovskite-type BiScO3–PbTiO3 solid solution
journal, January 2004

  • Inaguma, Yoshiyuki; Miyaguchi, Atsushi; Yoshida, Masashi
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 95, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1629394

Weakly Coupled Relaxor Behavior of BaTiO 3 -BiScO 3 Ceramics
journal, January 2009


Origin of the High Piezoelectric Response in PbZr 1 x Ti x O 3
journal, June 2000


New High Temperature Morphotropic Phase Boundary Piezoelectrics Based on Bi(Me)O 3 –PbTiO 3 Ceramics
journal, October 2001

  • Eitel, Richard E.; Randall, Clive A.; Shrout, Thomas R.
  • Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 40, Issue Part 1, No. 10
  • DOI: 10.1143/JJAP.40.5999

What can be Expected from Lead-Free Piezoelectric Materials?
journal, March 2010


Giant electric-field-induced strains in lead-free ceramics for actuator applications – status and perspective
journal, May 2012


High temperature electronic properties of BaTiO3 – Bi(Zn1/2Ti1/2)O3 – BiInO3 for capacitor applications
journal, March 2012


Structural, dielectric, and ferroelectric properties of the (1ߝx)PbTiO 3 -xBiAlO 3 solid solution
journal, October 2010

  • Huichun Yu,
  • IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, Vol. 57, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1109/TUFFC.2010.1675

Piezoelectric Ceramics
journal, November 1958


A dedicated powder diffraction beamline at the Advanced Photon Source: Commissioning and early operational results
journal, August 2008

  • Wang, Jun; Toby, Brian H.; Lee, Peter L.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 79, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2969260

High Curie temperature perovskite BiInO 3 –PbTiO 3 ceramics
journal, July 2004

  • Duan, Runrun; Speyer, Robert F.; Alberta, Edward
  • Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 19, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1557/JMR.2004.0282

A morphotropic phase boundary system based on polarization rotation and polarization extension
journal, August 2010

  • Damjanovic, Dragan
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 97, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3479479

Electrostrictive and relaxor ferroelectric behavior in BiAlO 3 -modified BaTiO 3 lead-free ceramics
journal, March 2013

  • Zheng, Shaoying; Odendo, Erika; Liu, Laijun
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 113, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4794022

A Pure Bismuth A Site Polar Perovskite Synthesized at Ambient Pressure
journal, November 2007

  • Bridges, Craig A.; Allix, Mathieu; Suchomel, Matthew R.
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 46, Issue 46
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.200703146