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This content will become publicly available on May 1, 2018

Title: Understanding the structure–property relationships of the ferroelectric to relaxor transition of the (1-x)BaTiO3–(x)BiInO3 lead-free piezoelectric system

A structural and electromechanical investigation has been performed on (1-x)BaTiO 3–(x)BiInO 3 in the region 0.03 ≤ x ≤ 0.12. A gradual structural phase transition has been observed where the structure changes from tetragonal (P4mm) and passes through two regions of coexisting phases: (1) P4mm + R3m in the range 0.03 ≤ x ≤ 0.075 and (2) Pm$$\bar{3}$$m + R3m for 0.10 ≤ x ≤ 0.12. The properties also transition from ferroelectric (x ≤ 0.03) to relaxor ferroelectric (x ≥ 0.05) as the dielectric permittivity maximum becomes temperature and frequency dependent. This transition was also confirmed via polarization-electric field measurements as well as strain-electric field measurements. At the critical composition of x = 0.065, a moderate strain of ~0.104% and an effective piezoelectric coefficient (d$$*\atop{33}$$) of 260 pm/V were observed. Finally, the original purpose of this study was to demonstrate the polarization extension mechanism as predicted in the literature, but due to the ferroelectric to relaxor transition, this mechanism was not found to be present in this system. However, this demonstrates that BaTiO 3-based lead-free ceramics could be modified to obtain enhanced electromechanical properties for actuator applications.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357; DMR- 1606909
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 52; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-2461
Publisher:
Springer
Research Org:
Oregon State Univ., Corvallis, OR (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1418520