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Title: Magnetic bubble chambers and sub-GeV dark matter direct detection

Abstract

We propose a new application of single molecule magnet crystals: their use as “magnetic bubble chambers” for the direct detection of sub-GeV dark matter. The spins in these macroscopic crystals effectively act as independent nanoscale magnets. When antialigned with an external magnetic field they form metastable states with a relaxation time that can be very long at sufficiently low temperatures. The Zeeman energy stored in this system can be released through localized heating, caused for example by the scattering or absorption of dark matter, resulting in a spin avalanche (or “magnetic deflagration”) that amplifies the effects of the initial heat deposit, enabling detection. Much like the temperature and pressure in a conventional bubble chamber, the temperature and external magnetic field set the detection threshold for a single molecule magnet crystal. Here, we discuss this detector concept for dark matter detection and propose ways to ameliorate backgrounds. If successfully developed, this detector concept can search for hidden photon dark matter in the meV–eV mass range with sensitivities exceeding current bounds by several orders of magnitude.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  2. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Physics, Hansen Experimental Physics Lab. (HEPL)
  3. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Theoretical Physics Group; Univ. of Tokyo (Japan). Kavli Inst. for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI)
  4. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1418499
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1355078
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0009841; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 95; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Bunting, Philip C., Gratta, Giorgio, Melia, Tom, and Rajendran, Surjeet. Magnetic bubble chambers and sub-GeV dark matter direct detection. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.95.095001.
Bunting, Philip C., Gratta, Giorgio, Melia, Tom, & Rajendran, Surjeet. Magnetic bubble chambers and sub-GeV dark matter direct detection. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.95.095001.
Bunting, Philip C., Gratta, Giorgio, Melia, Tom, and Rajendran, Surjeet. Tue . "Magnetic bubble chambers and sub-GeV dark matter direct detection". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.95.095001. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1418499.
@article{osti_1418499,
title = {Magnetic bubble chambers and sub-GeV dark matter direct detection},
author = {Bunting, Philip C. and Gratta, Giorgio and Melia, Tom and Rajendran, Surjeet},
abstractNote = {We propose a new application of single molecule magnet crystals: their use as “magnetic bubble chambers” for the direct detection of sub-GeV dark matter. The spins in these macroscopic crystals effectively act as independent nanoscale magnets. When antialigned with an external magnetic field they form metastable states with a relaxation time that can be very long at sufficiently low temperatures. The Zeeman energy stored in this system can be released through localized heating, caused for example by the scattering or absorption of dark matter, resulting in a spin avalanche (or “magnetic deflagration”) that amplifies the effects of the initial heat deposit, enabling detection. Much like the temperature and pressure in a conventional bubble chamber, the temperature and external magnetic field set the detection threshold for a single molecule magnet crystal. Here, we discuss this detector concept for dark matter detection and propose ways to ameliorate backgrounds. If successfully developed, this detector concept can search for hidden photon dark matter in the meV–eV mass range with sensitivities exceeding current bounds by several orders of magnitude.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.95.095001},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 9,
volume = 95,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 8 works
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Figures / Tables:

FIG. 1. FIG. 1. : DM detector concept based on magnetic deflagration in molecular nanomagnet crystals. A DM event that deposits energy in the form of heat ignites a spin-flip avalanche in the crystal which is detected by the change in magnetic flux through a pick-up loop.

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