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Title: In Situ TEM Multi-Beam Ion Irradiation as a Technique for Elucidating Synergistic Radiation Effects

Abstract

Materials designed for nuclear reactors undergo microstructural changes resulting from a combination of several environmental factors, including neutron irradiation damage, gas accumulation and elevated temperatures. Typical ion beam irradiation experiments designed for simulating a neutron irradiation environment involve irradiating the sample with a single ion beam and subsequent characterization of the resulting microstructure, often by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). This method does not allow for examination of microstructural effects due to simultaneous gas accumulation and displacement cascade damage, which occurs in a reactor. Sandia’s in situ ion irradiation TEM (I 3TEM) offers the unique ability to observe microstructural changes due to irradiation damage caused by concurrent multi-beam ion irradiation in real time. This allows for time-dependent microstructure analysis. A plethora of additional in situ stages can be coupled with these experiments, e.g., for more accurately simulating defect kinetics at elevated reactor temperatures. As a result, this work outlines experiments showing synergistic effects in Au using in situ ion irradiation with various combinations of helium, deuterium and Au ions, as well as some initial work on materials utilized in tritium-producing burnable absorber rods (TPBARs): zirconium alloys and LiAlO 2.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  2. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1418331
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1406365
Report Number(s):
[PNNL-SA-131591; SAND-2017-11074J]
[Journal ID: ISSN 1996-1944; MATEG9; PII: ma10101148; TRN: US1801270]
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC05-76RL01830; AC04-94AL85000]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Materials
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 10]; Journal ID: ISSN 1996-1944
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; ion irradiation; triple beam; in situ TEM; synergistic effects; ion implantation; helium bubble; radiation effects

Citation Formats

Taylor, Caitlin Anne, Bufford, Daniel Charles, Muntifering, Brittany Rana, Senor, David, Steckbeck, Mackenzie, Davis, Justin, Doyle, Barney, Buller, Daniel, and Hattar, Khalid. In Situ TEM Multi-Beam Ion Irradiation as a Technique for Elucidating Synergistic Radiation Effects. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3390/MA10101148.
Taylor, Caitlin Anne, Bufford, Daniel Charles, Muntifering, Brittany Rana, Senor, David, Steckbeck, Mackenzie, Davis, Justin, Doyle, Barney, Buller, Daniel, & Hattar, Khalid. In Situ TEM Multi-Beam Ion Irradiation as a Technique for Elucidating Synergistic Radiation Effects. United States. doi:10.3390/MA10101148.
Taylor, Caitlin Anne, Bufford, Daniel Charles, Muntifering, Brittany Rana, Senor, David, Steckbeck, Mackenzie, Davis, Justin, Doyle, Barney, Buller, Daniel, and Hattar, Khalid. Fri . "In Situ TEM Multi-Beam Ion Irradiation as a Technique for Elucidating Synergistic Radiation Effects". United States. doi:10.3390/MA10101148. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1418331.
@article{osti_1418331,
title = {In Situ TEM Multi-Beam Ion Irradiation as a Technique for Elucidating Synergistic Radiation Effects},
author = {Taylor, Caitlin Anne and Bufford, Daniel Charles and Muntifering, Brittany Rana and Senor, David and Steckbeck, Mackenzie and Davis, Justin and Doyle, Barney and Buller, Daniel and Hattar, Khalid},
abstractNote = {Materials designed for nuclear reactors undergo microstructural changes resulting from a combination of several environmental factors, including neutron irradiation damage, gas accumulation and elevated temperatures. Typical ion beam irradiation experiments designed for simulating a neutron irradiation environment involve irradiating the sample with a single ion beam and subsequent characterization of the resulting microstructure, often by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). This method does not allow for examination of microstructural effects due to simultaneous gas accumulation and displacement cascade damage, which occurs in a reactor. Sandia’s in situ ion irradiation TEM (I3TEM) offers the unique ability to observe microstructural changes due to irradiation damage caused by concurrent multi-beam ion irradiation in real time. This allows for time-dependent microstructure analysis. A plethora of additional in situ stages can be coupled with these experiments, e.g., for more accurately simulating defect kinetics at elevated reactor temperatures. As a result, this work outlines experiments showing synergistic effects in Au using in situ ion irradiation with various combinations of helium, deuterium and Au ions, as well as some initial work on materials utilized in tritium-producing burnable absorber rods (TPBARs): zirconium alloys and LiAlO2.},
doi = {10.3390/MA10101148},
journal = {Materials},
number = [10],
volume = [10],
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Diagrams showing the I3TEM facility, starting with (a) an image of the beam line, marked with arrows to show the Colutron magnet, Tandem electrostatic steerers and the original locations of the Colutron and Tandem beams; (b) a Solid Works drawing of the beam line in (a), clearly showingmore » the Colutron and Tandem beam lines joining at the Colutron magnet; (c) the Tandem beam trajectory through the Colutron magnet; and (d) the Colutron beam trajectory through the Colutron magnet, indicated clearly with dashed yellow lines.« less

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