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Title: Dispersive charge density wave excitations in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ

Experimental evidence on high-Tc cuprates reveals ubiquitous charge density wave (CDW) modulations, which coexist with superconductivity. Although the CDW had been predicted by theory, important questions remain about the extent to which the CDW influences lattice and charge degrees of freedom and its characteristics as functions of doping and temperature. These questions are intimately connected to the origin of the CDW and its relation to the mysterious cuprate pseudogap. Here, we use ultrahigh resolution resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) to reveal new CDW character in underdoped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+{\delta} (Bi2212). At low temperature, we observe dispersive excitations from an incommensurate CDW that induces anomalously enhanced phonon intensity, unseen using other techniques. Near the pseudogap temperature T*, the CDW persists, but the associated excitations significantly weaken and the CDW wavevector shifts, becoming nearly commensurate with a periodicity of four lattice constants. The dispersive CDW excitations, phonon anomaly, and temperature dependent commensuration provide a comprehensive momentum space picture of complex CDW behavior and point to a closer relationship with the pseudogap state.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 13; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1745-2473
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
OSTI Identifier:
1418320

Chaix, L., Ghiringhelli, G., Peng, Y. Y., Hashimoto, M., Moritz, B., Kummer, K., Brookes, N. B., He, Y., Chen, S., Ishida, S., Yoshida, Y., Eisaki, H., Salluzzo, M., Braicovich, L., Shen, Z. -X., Devereaux, T. P., and Lee, W. -S.. Dispersive charge density wave excitations in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1038/NPHYS4157.
Chaix, L., Ghiringhelli, G., Peng, Y. Y., Hashimoto, M., Moritz, B., Kummer, K., Brookes, N. B., He, Y., Chen, S., Ishida, S., Yoshida, Y., Eisaki, H., Salluzzo, M., Braicovich, L., Shen, Z. -X., Devereaux, T. P., & Lee, W. -S.. Dispersive charge density wave excitations in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ. United States. doi:10.1038/NPHYS4157.
Chaix, L., Ghiringhelli, G., Peng, Y. Y., Hashimoto, M., Moritz, B., Kummer, K., Brookes, N. B., He, Y., Chen, S., Ishida, S., Yoshida, Y., Eisaki, H., Salluzzo, M., Braicovich, L., Shen, Z. -X., Devereaux, T. P., and Lee, W. -S.. 2017. "Dispersive charge density wave excitations in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ". United States. doi:10.1038/NPHYS4157. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1418320.
@article{osti_1418320,
title = {Dispersive charge density wave excitations in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ},
author = {Chaix, L. and Ghiringhelli, G. and Peng, Y. Y. and Hashimoto, M. and Moritz, B. and Kummer, K. and Brookes, N. B. and He, Y. and Chen, S. and Ishida, S. and Yoshida, Y. and Eisaki, H. and Salluzzo, M. and Braicovich, L. and Shen, Z. -X. and Devereaux, T. P. and Lee, W. -S.},
abstractNote = {Experimental evidence on high-Tc cuprates reveals ubiquitous charge density wave (CDW) modulations, which coexist with superconductivity. Although the CDW had been predicted by theory, important questions remain about the extent to which the CDW influences lattice and charge degrees of freedom and its characteristics as functions of doping and temperature. These questions are intimately connected to the origin of the CDW and its relation to the mysterious cuprate pseudogap. Here, we use ultrahigh resolution resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (RIXS) to reveal new CDW character in underdoped Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+{\delta} (Bi2212). At low temperature, we observe dispersive excitations from an incommensurate CDW that induces anomalously enhanced phonon intensity, unseen using other techniques. Near the pseudogap temperature T*, the CDW persists, but the associated excitations significantly weaken and the CDW wavevector shifts, becoming nearly commensurate with a periodicity of four lattice constants. The dispersive CDW excitations, phonon anomaly, and temperature dependent commensuration provide a comprehensive momentum space picture of complex CDW behavior and point to a closer relationship with the pseudogap state.},
doi = {10.1038/NPHYS4157},
journal = {Nature Physics},
number = 10,
volume = 13,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}