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Title: Nanocrystallography measurements of early stage synthetic malaria pigment

The recent availability of extremely intense, femtosecond X-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) sources has spurred the development of serial femtosecond nanocrystallography (SFX). Here, SFX is used to analyze nanoscale crystals of β-hematin, the synthetic form of hemozoin which is a waste by-product of the malaria parasite. This analysis reveals significant differences in β-hematin data collected during SFX and synchrotron crystallography experiments. To interpret these differences two possibilities are considered: structural differences between the nanocrystal and larger crystalline forms of β-hematin, and radiation damage. Simulation studies show that structural inhomogeneity appears at present to provide a better fit to the experimental data. If confirmed, these observations will have implications for designing compounds that inhibit hemozoin formation and suggest that, for some systems at least, additional information may be gained by comparing structures obtained from nanocrystals and macroscopic crystals of the same molecule.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
BNL-203476-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 1600-5767; JACGAR; PII: S1600576717012663
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515; SC0012704
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Crystallography (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Crystallography (Online); Journal Volume: 50; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1600-5767
Publisher:
International Union of Crystallography
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; crystallography; serial femtosecond nanocrystallography; malaria; crystalline disorder; structural inhomogeniety
OSTI Identifier:
1418317
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1433955