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Title: Saxion cosmology for thermalized gravitino dark matter

Abstract

In all supersymmetric theories, gravitinos, with mass suppressed by the Planck scale, are an obvious candidate for dark matter; but if gravitinos ever reached thermal equilibrium, such dark matter is apparently either too abundant or too hot, and is excluded. However, in theories with an axion, a saxion condensate is generated during an early era of cosmological history and its late decay dilutes dark matter. We show that such dilution allows previously thermalized gravitinos to account for the observed dark matter over very wide ranges of gravitino mass, keV < m 3/2 < TeV, axion decay constant, 10 9 GeV < f a < 10 16 GeV, and saxion mass, 10 MeV < m s < 100 TeV. Constraints on this parameter space are studied from BBN, supersymmetry breaking, gravitino and axino production from freeze-in and saxion decay, and from axion production from both misalignment and parametric resonance mechanisms. Large allowed regions of (m 3/2, f a, m s) remain, but differ for DFSZ and KSVZ theories. Superpartner production at colliders may lead to events with displaced vertices and kinks, and may contain saxions decaying to (WW, ZZ, hh), gg, γγ or a pair of Standard Model fermions. In conclusion,more » freeze-in may lead to a sub-dominant warm component of gravitino dark matter, and saxion decay to axions may lead to dark radiation.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Theoretical Physics Group
  2. Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics ; Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States). Santa Cruz Inst. for Particle Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26); National Science Foundation (NSF); Simons Foundation
OSTI Identifier:
1418294
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; PHY-1316783; PHY-1521446; DGE 1106400; SC0010107
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of High Energy Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 2017; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479
Publisher:
Springer Berlin
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Beyond Standard Model; Cosmology of Theories beyond the SM; Supersymmetric Standard Model

Citation Formats

Co, Raymond T., D’Eramo, Francesco, Hall, Lawrence J., and Harigaya, Keisuke. Saxion cosmology for thermalized gravitino dark matter. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1007/JHEP07(2017)125.
Co, Raymond T., D’Eramo, Francesco, Hall, Lawrence J., & Harigaya, Keisuke. Saxion cosmology for thermalized gravitino dark matter. United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP07(2017)125.
Co, Raymond T., D’Eramo, Francesco, Hall, Lawrence J., and Harigaya, Keisuke. Wed . "Saxion cosmology for thermalized gravitino dark matter". United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP07(2017)125. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1418294.
@article{osti_1418294,
title = {Saxion cosmology for thermalized gravitino dark matter},
author = {Co, Raymond T. and D’Eramo, Francesco and Hall, Lawrence J. and Harigaya, Keisuke},
abstractNote = {In all supersymmetric theories, gravitinos, with mass suppressed by the Planck scale, are an obvious candidate for dark matter; but if gravitinos ever reached thermal equilibrium, such dark matter is apparently either too abundant or too hot, and is excluded. However, in theories with an axion, a saxion condensate is generated during an early era of cosmological history and its late decay dilutes dark matter. We show that such dilution allows previously thermalized gravitinos to account for the observed dark matter over very wide ranges of gravitino mass, keV < m 3/2 < TeV, axion decay constant, 109 GeV < fa < 1016 GeV, and saxion mass, 10 MeV < ms < 100 TeV. Constraints on this parameter space are studied from BBN, supersymmetry breaking, gravitino and axino production from freeze-in and saxion decay, and from axion production from both misalignment and parametric resonance mechanisms. Large allowed regions of (m3/2, fa, ms) remain, but differ for DFSZ and KSVZ theories. Superpartner production at colliders may lead to events with displaced vertices and kinks, and may contain saxions decaying to (WW, ZZ, hh), gg, γγ or a pair of Standard Model fermions. In conclusion, freeze-in may lead to a sub-dominant warm component of gravitino dark matter, and saxion decay to axions may lead to dark radiation.},
doi = {10.1007/JHEP07(2017)125},
journal = {Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)},
number = 7,
volume = 2017,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {7}
}

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