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Title: CFD-DEM modeling the effect of column size and bed height on minimum fluidization velocity in micro fluidized beds with Geldart B particles

Abstract

The fluidization behavior of Geldart B particles in micro fluidized beds is investigated numerically using Computational Fluid Dynamics coupled with Discrete Element Method (CFD-DEM) available in the open-source Multiphase Flow with Interphase eXchanges (MFIX) code. The effects of different bed inner diameters (D) of 8 mm, 12 mm, 16 mm and various initial static bed heights (H) were examined. It is found that both decreasing the column diameter and increasing the bed height in a micro fluidized bed increases the minimum fluidization velocity (Umf). The observed overshoot in pressure drop that occurs before the onset of fluidization decreases in magnitude with increasing column diameter, however there is less sensitivity to bed height. Overall, the numerical results agree qualitatively with existing theoretical correlations and experimental studies. The simulations show that both column diameter and particle-wall friction contribute to the variation in minimum fluidization velocity. Finally, these two factors are coupled and hard to separate. The detailed influences of wall friction on minimum fluidization velocity are then investigated for a prescribed column diameter of 8 mm by varying the wall friction from 0 to 0.4.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [1]
  1. National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Morgantown, WV (United States)
  2. National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Morgantown, WV (United States); AECOM, Morgantown, WV (United States)
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China). State Key Lab. of Multiphase Complex Systems, Inst. of Process Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, and Morgantown, WV (United States). In-house Research
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
OSTI Identifier:
1417967
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1495594
Report Number(s):
CONTR-PUB-297
Journal ID: ISSN 0032-5910; PII: S0032591017304795
Grant/Contract Number:  
FE0004000
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Powder Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 318; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0032-5910
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Micro fluidized beds; Wall effect; CFD-DEM; Minimum fluidization velocity; Pressure overshoot

Citation Formats

Xu, Yupeng, Li, Tingwen, Musser, Jordan, Liu, Xiaoxing, Xu, Guangwen, and Rogers, William A. CFD-DEM modeling the effect of column size and bed height on minimum fluidization velocity in micro fluidized beds with Geldart B particles. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2017.06.020.
Xu, Yupeng, Li, Tingwen, Musser, Jordan, Liu, Xiaoxing, Xu, Guangwen, & Rogers, William A. CFD-DEM modeling the effect of column size and bed height on minimum fluidization velocity in micro fluidized beds with Geldart B particles. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2017.06.020
Xu, Yupeng, Li, Tingwen, Musser, Jordan, Liu, Xiaoxing, Xu, Guangwen, and Rogers, William A. Wed . "CFD-DEM modeling the effect of column size and bed height on minimum fluidization velocity in micro fluidized beds with Geldart B particles". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2017.06.020. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1417967.
@article{osti_1417967,
title = {CFD-DEM modeling the effect of column size and bed height on minimum fluidization velocity in micro fluidized beds with Geldart B particles},
author = {Xu, Yupeng and Li, Tingwen and Musser, Jordan and Liu, Xiaoxing and Xu, Guangwen and Rogers, William A.},
abstractNote = {The fluidization behavior of Geldart B particles in micro fluidized beds is investigated numerically using Computational Fluid Dynamics coupled with Discrete Element Method (CFD-DEM) available in the open-source Multiphase Flow with Interphase eXchanges (MFIX) code. The effects of different bed inner diameters (D) of 8 mm, 12 mm, 16 mm and various initial static bed heights (H) were examined. It is found that both decreasing the column diameter and increasing the bed height in a micro fluidized bed increases the minimum fluidization velocity (Umf). The observed overshoot in pressure drop that occurs before the onset of fluidization decreases in magnitude with increasing column diameter, however there is less sensitivity to bed height. Overall, the numerical results agree qualitatively with existing theoretical correlations and experimental studies. The simulations show that both column diameter and particle-wall friction contribute to the variation in minimum fluidization velocity. Finally, these two factors are coupled and hard to separate. The detailed influences of wall friction on minimum fluidization velocity are then investigated for a prescribed column diameter of 8 mm by varying the wall friction from 0 to 0.4.},
doi = {10.1016/j.powtec.2017.06.020},
journal = {Powder Technology},
number = C,
volume = 318,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {6}
}

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Cited by: 5 works
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