skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: IceCube can constrain the intrinsic charm of the proton [IC at IC: IceCube can constrain the intrinsic charm of the proton]

Abstract

Here, the discovery of extraterrestrial neutrinos in the ~30 TeV–PeV energy range by IceCube provides new constraints on high energy astrophysics. An important background to the signal are the prompt neutrinos which originate from the decay of charm hadrons produced by high energy cosmic-ray particles interacting in the Earth’s atmosphere. It is conventional to use the calculations of charm hadroproduction using gluon splitting g → c¯c alone. However, QCD predicts an additional “intrinsic" component of the heavy quark distribution which arises from diagrams where heavy quarks are multiply connected to the proton’s valence quarks. We estimate the prompt neutrino spectrum due to intrinsic charm. We find that the atmospheric prompt neutrino flux from intrinsic charm is comparable to those calculated using QCD computations not including intrinsic charm, once we normalize the intrinsic charm differential cross sections to the ISR and the LEBC-MPS collaboration data. In the future, IceCube will constrain the intrinsic charm content of the proton and will contribute to one of the major questions in high energy physics phenomenology.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  2. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1417662
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1411275
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Laha, Ranjan, and Brodsky, Stanley J. IceCube can constrain the intrinsic charm of the proton [IC at IC: IceCube can constrain the intrinsic charm of the proton]. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.96.123002.
Laha, Ranjan, & Brodsky, Stanley J. IceCube can constrain the intrinsic charm of the proton [IC at IC: IceCube can constrain the intrinsic charm of the proton]. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.96.123002.
Laha, Ranjan, and Brodsky, Stanley J. Tue . "IceCube can constrain the intrinsic charm of the proton [IC at IC: IceCube can constrain the intrinsic charm of the proton]". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.96.123002. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1417662.
@article{osti_1417662,
title = {IceCube can constrain the intrinsic charm of the proton [IC at IC: IceCube can constrain the intrinsic charm of the proton]},
author = {Laha, Ranjan and Brodsky, Stanley J.},
abstractNote = {Here, the discovery of extraterrestrial neutrinos in the ~30 TeV–PeV energy range by IceCube provides new constraints on high energy astrophysics. An important background to the signal are the prompt neutrinos which originate from the decay of charm hadrons produced by high energy cosmic-ray particles interacting in the Earth’s atmosphere. It is conventional to use the calculations of charm hadroproduction using gluon splitting g → c¯c alone. However, QCD predicts an additional “intrinsic" component of the heavy quark distribution which arises from diagrams where heavy quarks are multiply connected to the proton’s valence quarks. We estimate the prompt neutrino spectrum due to intrinsic charm. We find that the atmospheric prompt neutrino flux from intrinsic charm is comparable to those calculated using QCD computations not including intrinsic charm, once we normalize the intrinsic charm differential cross sections to the ISR and the LEBC-MPS collaboration data. In the future, IceCube will constrain the intrinsic charm content of the proton and will contribute to one of the major questions in high energy physics phenomenology.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.96.123002},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 12,
volume = 96,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

R-parity violating supersymmetry at IceCube
journal, November 2016


Cosmic neutrino pevatrons: A brand new pathway to astronomy, astrophysics, and particle physics
journal, May 2014


Charm production in the forward region: constraints on the small-x gluon and backgrounds for neutrino astronomy
journal, November 2015

  • Gauld, Rhorry; Rojo, Juan; Rottoli, Luca
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2015, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP11(2015)009

Probing proton intrinsic charm in photon or Z boson production accompanied by heavy jets at the LHC
journal, September 2016


Intrinsic charm parton distribution functions from CTEQ-TEA global analysis
journal, April 2014


Inspecting the supernova–gamma-ray-burst connection with high-energy neutrinos
journal, March 2016


Prompt atmospheric neutrinos and muons: Dependence on the gluon distribution function
journal, February 2000


Neutrinos in IceCube/KM3NeT as probes of dark matter substructures in galaxy clusters
journal, November 2012


Prompt atmospheric neutrinos and muons: NLO versus LO QCD predictions
journal, January 2000


Prompt atmospheric neutrino fluxes: perturbative QCD models and nuclear effects
journal, November 2016

  • Bhattacharya, Atri; Enberg, Rikard; Jeong, Yu Seon
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2016, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP11(2016)167

Galaxy Mergers as a Source of Cosmic Rays, Neutrinos, and Gamma rays
journal, July 2014


Prompt neutrino fluxes from atmospheric charm
journal, August 2008


Calculation of atmospheric neutrino flux using the interaction model calibrated with atmospheric muon data
journal, February 2007


Vetoing atmospheric neutrinos in a high energy neutrino telescope
journal, February 2009


TeV–PeV Neutrinos from Low-Power Gamma-Ray Burst Jets inside Stars
journal, September 2013


Three-dimensional calculation of atmospheric neutrinos
journal, July 2004


Angular correlation between IceCube high-energy starting events and starburst sources
journal, December 2016


The physics of heavy quark distributions in hadrons: Collider tests
journal, March 2017

  • Brodsky, S. J.; Bednyakov, V. A.; Lykasov, G. I.
  • Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics, Vol. 93
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ppnp.2016.12.001

Tomographic Constraints on High-Energy Neutrinos of Hadronuclear Origin
journal, November 2015


Phenomenological implications of the intrinsic charm in the Z boson production at the LHC
journal, February 2016


Secondary decays in atmospheric charm contributions to the flux of muons and muon neutrinos
journal, October 1998


Direct probe of the intrinsic charm content of the proton
journal, April 2016


High-energy neutrino signatures of newborn pulsars in the local universe
journal, June 2015


Early decay of Peccei–Quinn fermion and the IceCube neutrino events
journal, November 2016


Charm production in DPMJET
journal, June 2008


Atmospheric neutrinos
journal, May 2016


A Review of the Intrinsic Heavy Quark Content of the Nucleon
journal, January 2015

  • Brodsky, S. J.; Kusina, A.; Lyonnet, F.
  • Advances in High Energy Physics, Vol. 2015
  • DOI: 10.1155/2015/231547

Observation of High-Energy Astrophysical Neutrinos in Three Years of IceCube Data
journal, September 2014


Lepton fluxes from atmospheric charm revisited
journal, October 2015

  • Garzelli, M. V.; Moch, S.; Sigl, G.
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2015, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP10(2015)115

Observation and Characterization of a Cosmic muon Neutrino flux from the Northern Hemisphere Using six Years of Icecube data
journal, December 2016


Choked jets and low-luminosity gamma-ray bursts as hidden neutrino sources
journal, April 2016


Seasonal Variation of Atmospheric Leptons as a Probe of Charm
journal, September 2010


High-Energy Neutrinos from Recent Blazar Flares
journal, October 2016


Nuclear dependence of charm production
journal, October 2009


Do high energy astrophysical neutrinos trace star formation?
journal, December 2015

  • Emig, Kimberly; Lunardini, Cecilia; Windhorst, Rogier
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2015, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2015/12/029

Demystifying the PeV cascades in IceCube: Less (energy) is more (events)
journal, August 2013


Tau neutrino fluxes from atmospheric charm
journal, March 1999


Theoretically Palatable Flavor Combinations of Astrophysical Neutrinos
journal, October 2015


Effect of New Physics in Astrophysical Neutrino Flavor
journal, October 2015


First Observation of PeV-Energy Neutrinos with IceCube
journal, July 2013


Influence of hadronic interaction models and the cosmic ray spectrum on the high energy atmospheric muon and neutrino flux
journal, December 2012


Lepton fluxes from atmospheric charm
journal, January 1999


Measurement of the Atmospheric ν e Spectrum with IceCube
journal, June 2015


Measuring the prompt atmospheric neutrino flux with down-going muons in neutrino telescopes
journal, January 2003


Phenomenology of nonperturbative charm in the nucleon
journal, April 2014


Probing very high energy prompt muon and neutrino fluxes and the cosmic ray knee via underground muons
journal, July 2006


Extragalactic plus Galactic Model for Icecube Neutrino Events
journal, July 2016


Prompt leptons in cosmic rays
journal, January 1989

  • Bugaev, E. V.; Naumov, V. A.; Sinegovsky, S. I.
  • Il Nuovo Cimento C, Vol. 12, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF02509070

Heavy right-handed neutrino dark matter and PeV neutrinos at IceCube
journal, August 2016

  • Dev, P. S. Bhupal; Kazanas, D.; Mohapatra, R. N.
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2016, Issue 08
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2016/08/034

A new Method for Finding Point Sources in High-Energy Neutrino data
journal, July 2016


Perturbative charm production and the prompt atmospheric neutrino flux in light of RHIC and LHC
journal, June 2015

  • Bhattacharya, Atri; Enberg, Rikard; Reno, Mary Hall
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2015, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP06(2015)110

IceCube events from heavy DM decays through the right-handed neutrino portal
journal, December 2015


Leading charm in hadron-nucleus interactions in the intrinsic charm model
journal, January 1999


Charm production in SIBYLL
journal, January 2015


The prompt atmospheric neutrino flux in the light of LHCb
journal, February 2016

  • Gauld, Rhorry; Rojo, Juan; Rottoli, Luca
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2016, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP02(2016)130

High energy cosmic rays: sources and fluxes
journal, April 2014

  • Stanev, Todor; Gaisser, Thomas K.; Tilav, Serap
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 742
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2013.11.094

Expectations for high energy diffuse galactic neutrinos for different cosmic ray distributions
journal, November 2016

  • Pagliaroli, Giulia; Evoli, Carmelo; Villante, Francesco Lorenzo
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2016, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2016/11/004

Lepton spectra in the earth's atmosphere
journal, March 1993


A Combined Maximum-Likelihood Analysis of the High-Energy Astrophysical Neutrino flux Measured with Icecube
journal, August 2015


Charm production and high energy atmospheric muon and neutrino fluxes
journal, October 1996


Boosted dark matter in IceCube and at the galactic center
journal, April 2015

  • Kopp, Joachim; Liu, Jia; Wang, Xiao-Ping
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2015, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP04(2015)105

Cosmic PeV neutrinos and the sources of ultrahigh energy protons
journal, December 2014


Prompt neutrino fluxes in the atmosphere with PROSA parton distribution functions
journal, May 2017

  • Garzelli, M. V.; Moch, S.; Zenaiev, O.
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2017, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP05(2017)004

Cosmic neutrino cascades from secret neutrino interactions
journal, September 2014


Searching for PeV neutrinos from photomeson interactions in magnetars
journal, September 2016


The impact of the intrinsic charm quark content of a proton on the differential $\gamma +c$ cross section
journal, April 2016

  • Rostami, S.; Khorramian, A.; Aleedaneshvar, A.
  • Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, Vol. 43, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1088/0954-3899/43/5/055001

Generalized self-veto probability for atmospheric neutrinos
journal, July 2014


Leptoquark implication from the CMS and IceCube experiments
journal, June 2015


Dark matter decay to a photon and a neutrino: The double monochromatic smoking gun scenario
journal, February 2016


Charm contribution to the atmospheric neutrino flux
journal, July 2016


Cosmic ray energy spectrum from measurements of air showers
journal, April 2013


Analysis of the 4-year IceCube high-energy starting events
journal, July 2016


Rigidity dependent knee and cosmic ray induced high energy neutrino fluxes
journal, September 2003


Superheavy dark matter and IceCube neutrino signals: Bounds on decaying dark matter
journal, July 2015


Neutron β -decay as the origin of IceCube’s PeV (anti)neutrinos
journal, January 2015


IceCube events and decaying dark matter: hints and constraints
journal, December 2014

  • Esmaili, Arman; Kang, Sin Kyu; Serpico, Pasquale Dario
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2014/12/054

Production of Λc with large xF at the isr
journal, December 1987


Are gamma-ray bursts the sources of ultra-high energy cosmic rays?
journal, March 2015


D -Meson Production in 800-GeV/ c pp Interactions
journal, November 1988


A determination of the charm content of the proton: The NNPDF Collaboration
journal, November 2016


Reconciling neutrino flux from heavy dark matter decay and recent events at IceCube
journal, June 2014

  • Bhattacharya, Atri; Reno, Mary Hall; Sarcevic, Ina
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2014, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP06(2014)110

Evidence for Astrophysical Muon Neutrinos from the Northern Sky with IceCube
journal, August 2015


Calculation of conventional and prompt lepton fluxes at very high energy
journal, January 2015


Two-component flux explanation for the high energy neutrino events at IceCube
journal, October 2015


Shower power: isolating the prompt atmospheric neutrino flux using electron neutrinos
journal, November 2004


Atmospheric leptons: the search for a prompt component
journal, January 2013


Atmospheric and astrophysical neutrinos above 1 TeV interacting in IceCube
journal, January 2015


Testing the Dark Matter Scenario for PeV Neutrinos Observed in IceCube
journal, August 2015


Hidden Cosmic-Ray Accelerators as an Origin of TeV-PeV Cosmic Neutrinos
journal, February 2016


Publisher’s Note: Cosmic neutrino cascades from secret neutrino interactions [Phys. Rev. D 90 , 065035 (2014)]
journal, October 2014


Phenomenology of atmospheric neutrinos
journal, January 2016


Neutrino lighthouse powered by Sagittarius A * disk dynamo
journal, July 2016


The direct detection of boosted dark matter at high energies and PeV events at IceCube
journal, March 2015


Probing the Galactic origin of the IceCube excess with gamma rays
journal, July 2014


The intrinsic charm of the proton
journal, June 1980


PeV neutrinos and a 3.5 keV x-ray line from a PeV-scale supersymmetric neutrino sector
journal, November 2015


Spectrum of cosmic-ray nucleons, kaon production, and the atmospheric muon charge ratio
journal, July 2012


Standard model explanation of the ultrahigh energy neutrino events at IceCube
journal, February 2014


Recent progress on intrinsic charm
journal, January 2017


Unifying leptogenesis, dark matter and high-energy neutrinos with right-handed neutrino mixing via Higgs portal
journal, November 2016

  • Bari, Pasquale Di; Ludl, Patrick Otto; Palomares-Ruiz, Sergio
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2016, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2016/11/044

First measurement of the total proton-proton cross-section at the LHC energy of \chem{\sqrt{s} = 7\,TeV}
journal, October 2011


Decaying leptophilic dark matter at IceCube
journal, December 2015

  • Boucenna, Sofiane M.; Chianese, Marco; Mangano, Gianpiero
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2015, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2015/12/055

The qT spectrum of the Higgs boson at the LHC in QCD perturbation theory
journal, July 2003


    Works referencing / citing this record: