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Title: Effect of wheel speed on magnetic and mechanical properties of melt spun Fe-6.5 wt.% Si high silicon steel

Here, Fe-Si electric steel is the most widely used soft magnetic material in electric machines and transformers. Increasing the silicon content from 3.2 wt.% to 6.5 wt.% brings about large improvement in the magnetic and electrical properties. However, 6.5 wt.% silicon steel is inherited with brittleness owing to the formation of B2 and D0 3 ordered phase. To obtain ductility in Fe-6.5wt.% silicon steel, the ordered phase has to be bypassed with methods like rapid cooling. In present paper, the effect of cooling rate on magnetic and mechanical properties of Fe-6.5wt.% silicon steel is studied by tuning the wheel speed during melt spinning process. The cooling rate significantly alters the ordering and microstructure, and thus the mechanical and magnetic properties. X-ray diffraction data shows that D0 3 ordering was fully suppressed at high wheel speeds but starts to nucleate at 10m/s and below, which correlates with the increase of Young’s modulus towards low wheel speeds as tested by nanoindentation. The grain sizes of the ribbons on the wheel side decrease with increasing wheel speeds, ranging from ~100 μm at 1m/s to ~8 μm at 30m/s, which lead to changes in coercivity.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1]
  1. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
  2. Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
IS-J-9468
Journal ID: ISSN 2158-3226; TRN: US1801047
Grant/Contract Number:
EE0007794
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
AIP Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2158-3226
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1417367
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1414032

Ouyang, Gaoyuan, Jensen, Brandt, Tang, Wei, Dennis, Kevin, Macziewski, Chad, Thimmaiah, Srinivasa, Liang, Yongfeng, and Cui, Jun. Effect of wheel speed on magnetic and mechanical properties of melt spun Fe-6.5 wt.% Si high silicon steel. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1063/1.5006481.
Ouyang, Gaoyuan, Jensen, Brandt, Tang, Wei, Dennis, Kevin, Macziewski, Chad, Thimmaiah, Srinivasa, Liang, Yongfeng, & Cui, Jun. Effect of wheel speed on magnetic and mechanical properties of melt spun Fe-6.5 wt.% Si high silicon steel. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5006481.
Ouyang, Gaoyuan, Jensen, Brandt, Tang, Wei, Dennis, Kevin, Macziewski, Chad, Thimmaiah, Srinivasa, Liang, Yongfeng, and Cui, Jun. 2017. "Effect of wheel speed on magnetic and mechanical properties of melt spun Fe-6.5 wt.% Si high silicon steel". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5006481. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1417367.
@article{osti_1417367,
title = {Effect of wheel speed on magnetic and mechanical properties of melt spun Fe-6.5 wt.% Si high silicon steel},
author = {Ouyang, Gaoyuan and Jensen, Brandt and Tang, Wei and Dennis, Kevin and Macziewski, Chad and Thimmaiah, Srinivasa and Liang, Yongfeng and Cui, Jun},
abstractNote = {Here, Fe-Si electric steel is the most widely used soft magnetic material in electric machines and transformers. Increasing the silicon content from 3.2 wt.% to 6.5 wt.% brings about large improvement in the magnetic and electrical properties. However, 6.5 wt.% silicon steel is inherited with brittleness owing to the formation of B2 and D03 ordered phase. To obtain ductility in Fe-6.5wt.% silicon steel, the ordered phase has to be bypassed with methods like rapid cooling. In present paper, the effect of cooling rate on magnetic and mechanical properties of Fe-6.5wt.% silicon steel is studied by tuning the wheel speed during melt spinning process. The cooling rate significantly alters the ordering and microstructure, and thus the mechanical and magnetic properties. X-ray diffraction data shows that D03 ordering was fully suppressed at high wheel speeds but starts to nucleate at 10m/s and below, which correlates with the increase of Young’s modulus towards low wheel speeds as tested by nanoindentation. The grain sizes of the ribbons on the wheel side decrease with increasing wheel speeds, ranging from ~100 μm at 1m/s to ~8 μm at 30m/s, which lead to changes in coercivity.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5006481},
journal = {AIP Advances},
number = 5,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}