skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: First Light II: Emission Line Extinction, Population III Stars, and X-ray Binaries

Abstract

Here, we produce synthetic spectra and observations for metal-free stellar populations and high-mass X-ray binaries in the Renaissance Simulations at a redshift of 15. We extend our methodology from the first paper in the series by modelling the production and extinction of emission lines throughout a dusty and metal-enriched interstellar and circum-galactic media extracted from the simulation, using a Monte Carlo calculation. To capture the impact of high-energy photons, we include all frequencies from hard X-ray to far-infrared with enough frequency resolution to discern line emission and absorption profiles. The most common lines in our sample in order of their rate of occurrence are Ly α, the C iv λλ1548, 1551 doublet, H α, and the Ca ii λλλ8498, 8542, 8662 triplet. The best scenario for a direct observation of a metal-free stellar population is a merger between two Population III Galaxies. In mergers between metal-enriched and metal-free stellar populations, some characteristics may be inferred indirectly. Single Population III galaxies are too dim to be observed photometrically at z = 15. Ly α emission is discernible by JWST as an increase in J200w – J277w colour off the intrinsic stellar tracks. Observations of metal-free stars will be difficult, though notmore » impossible, with the next generation of space telescopes.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6]
  1. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States); National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Pasadena, CA (United States)
  2. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
  3. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  4. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
  5. Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States)
  6. Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States); IBM, Armonk, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1417168
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-28139
Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711; TRN: US1800999
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 474; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Population III stars, Xray binaries, Observational diagnostics

Citation Formats

Barrow, Kirk S. S., Wise, John H., Aykutalp, Aycin, O’Shea, Brian W., Norman, Michael L., and Xu, Hao. First Light II: Emission Line Extinction, Population III Stars, and X-ray Binaries. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stx2973.
Barrow, Kirk S. S., Wise, John H., Aykutalp, Aycin, O’Shea, Brian W., Norman, Michael L., & Xu, Hao. First Light II: Emission Line Extinction, Population III Stars, and X-ray Binaries. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stx2973.
Barrow, Kirk S. S., Wise, John H., Aykutalp, Aycin, O’Shea, Brian W., Norman, Michael L., and Xu, Hao. Fri . "First Light II: Emission Line Extinction, Population III Stars, and X-ray Binaries". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stx2973. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1417168.
@article{osti_1417168,
title = {First Light II: Emission Line Extinction, Population III Stars, and X-ray Binaries},
author = {Barrow, Kirk S. S. and Wise, John H. and Aykutalp, Aycin and O’Shea, Brian W. and Norman, Michael L. and Xu, Hao},
abstractNote = {Here, we produce synthetic spectra and observations for metal-free stellar populations and high-mass X-ray binaries in the Renaissance Simulations at a redshift of 15. We extend our methodology from the first paper in the series by modelling the production and extinction of emission lines throughout a dusty and metal-enriched interstellar and circum-galactic media extracted from the simulation, using a Monte Carlo calculation. To capture the impact of high-energy photons, we include all frequencies from hard X-ray to far-infrared with enough frequency resolution to discern line emission and absorption profiles. The most common lines in our sample in order of their rate of occurrence are Ly α, the C iv λλ1548, 1551 doublet, H α, and the Ca ii λλλ8498, 8542, 8662 triplet. The best scenario for a direct observation of a metal-free stellar population is a merger between two Population III Galaxies. In mergers between metal-enriched and metal-free stellar populations, some characteristics may be inferred indirectly. Single Population III galaxies are too dim to be observed photometrically at z = 15. Ly α emission is discernible by JWST as an increase in J200w – J277w colour off the intrinsic stellar tracks. Observations of metal-free stars will be difficult, though not impossible, with the next generation of space telescopes.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stx2973},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 2,
volume = 474,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 3 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

The emission line spectrum of active galactic nuclei and the unifying scheme
journal, June 2000

  • Véron-Cetty, M. P.; Véron, P.
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics Review, Vol. 10, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s001590000006

The dust mass in z > 6 normal star-forming galaxies
journal, June 2015

  • Mancini, Mattia; Schneider, Raffaella; Graziani, Luca
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 451, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slv070

Theory of Star Formation
journal, September 2007


How Massive Single Stars End Their Life
journal, July 2003

  • Heger, A.; Fryer, C. L.; Woosley, S. E.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 591, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/375341

High‐Redshift Intergalactic C iv Abundance Measurements from the Near‐Infrared Spectra of Two z ∼ 6 QSOs
journal, December 2006

  • Simcoe, Robert A.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 653, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/508983

The Propagation of Uncertainties in Stellar Population Synthesis Modeling. iii. Model Calibration, Comparison, and Evaluation
journal, March 2010


Probing the Ultraviolet Luminosity Function of the Earliest Galaxies with the Renaissance Simulations
journal, June 2015


Energy Feedback from X-Ray Binaries in the Early Universe
journal, October 2013


Galactic Stellar and Substellar Initial Mass Function
journal, July 2003

  • Chabrier, Gilles
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 115, Issue 809
  • DOI: 10.1086/376392

The numerical frontier of the high-redshift Universe
journal, March 2015


SEVEN-YEAR WILKINSON MICROWAVE ANISOTROPY PROBE ( WMAP ) OBSERVATIONS: POWER SPECTRA AND WMAP -DERIVED PARAMETERS
journal, January 2011

  • Larson, D.; Dunkley, J.; Hinshaw, G.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 192, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/192/2/16

On the properties of massive Population III stars and metal-free stellar populations
journal, January 2002


THE EVOLUTION OF NORMAL GALAXY X-RAY EMISSION THROUGH COSMIC HISTORY: CONSTRAINTS FROM THE 6 MS CHANDRA DEEP FIELD-SOUTH
journal, June 2016


Galaxy Properties and uv Escape Fractions During the Epoch of Reionization: Results from the Renaissance Simulations
journal, December 2016


The Chemical Composition of the Sun
journal, September 2009


An Ultracompact X-Ray Binary in the Globular Cluster M15 (NGC 7078)
journal, November 2005

  • Dieball, A.; Knigge, C.; Zurek, D. R.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 634, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/498712

HYPERION: an open-source parallelized three-dimensional dust continuum radiative transfer code
journal, December 2011


The birth of a galaxy – II. The role of radiation pressure: Radiation pressure in early dwarf galaxies
journal, October 2012


enzo+moray: radiation hydrodynamics adaptive mesh refinement simulations with adaptive ray tracing: AMR simulations with adaptive ray tracing
journal, May 2011


Radiation Backgrounds at Cosmic Dawn: X-Rays from Compact Binaries
journal, May 2017


Heating the Intergalactic Medium by X-Rays from Population iii Binaries in High-Redshift Galaxies
journal, August 2014


The photometric properties of galaxies in the early Universe
journal, May 2016

  • Wilkins, Stephen M.; Feng, Yu; Di-Matteo, Tiziana
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 460, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw1154

X-Ray Binary Evolution Across Cosmic time
journal, January 2013


The Rockstar Phase-Space Temporal halo Finder and the Velocity Offsets of Cluster Cores
journal, December 2012


Luminosity function of [O ii] emission-line galaxies in the MassiveBlack-II simulation
journal, September 2015

  • Park, KwangHo; Di Matteo, Tiziana; Ho, Shirley
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 454, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv1954

INFRARED PROPERTIES OF z = 7 GALAXIES FROM COSMOLOGICAL SIMULATIONS
journal, January 2014


Interstellar Dust Grains
journal, September 2003


On the variation of the initial mass function
journal, April 2001


The dust content of the most metal-poor star-forming galaxies
journal, February 2016

  • Schneider, Raffaella; Hunt, Leslie; Valiante, Rosa
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 457, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw114

Hα Observations of a Large Sample of Galaxies at z ∼ 2: Implications for Star Formation in High‐Redshift Galaxies
journal, August 2006

  • Erb, Dawn K.; Steidel, Charles C.; Shapley, Alice E.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 647, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/505341

First light: exploring the spectra of high-redshift galaxies in the Renaissance Simulations
journal, May 2017

  • Barrow, Kirk S. S.; Wise, John H.; Norman, Michael L.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 469, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stx1181

THE SPECTRAL EVOLUTION OF THE FIRST GALAXIES. I. JAMES WEBB SPACE TELESCOPE DETECTION LIMITS AND COLOR CRITERIA FOR POPULATION III GALAXIES
journal, September 2011

  • Zackrisson, Erik; Rydberg, Claes-Erik; Schaerer, Daniel
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 740, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/740/1/13

Accretion Disk Spectra of Ultraluminous X‐Ray Sources in Nearby Spiral Galaxies and Galactic Superluminal Jet Sources
journal, November 2003

  • Ebisawa, Ken; Życki, Piotr; Kubota, Aya
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 597, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/378586

The Spectral Evolution of the First Galaxies. ii. Spectral Signatures of Lyman Continuum Leakage from Galaxies in the Reionization Epoch
journal, October 2013


Implications of CA II emission for physical conditions in the broad-line region of active galactic nuclei
journal, December 1989

  • Ferland, Gary J.; Persson, S. Eric
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 347
  • DOI: 10.1086/168156

The Ca II triplet lines in Starburst and AGN
journal, January 1993

  • Vargas, Mar�a Luisa Garc�a; D�az, Angeles I.; Terlevich, Elena
  • Astrophysics and Space Science, Vol. 205, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00657961

SEEING THE FIRST SUPERNOVAE AT THE EDGE OF THE UNIVERSE WITH JWST
journal, December 2012

  • Whalen, Daniel J.; Fryer, Chris L.; Holz, Daniel E.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 762, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/762/1/L6

Late pop iii star Formation During the Epoch of Reionization: Results from the Renaissance Simulations
journal, June 2016


The Luminosity Function and Stellar Evolution.
journal, January 1955

  • Salpeter, Edwin E.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 121
  • DOI: 10.1086/145971

The first galaxies: signatures of the initial starburst
journal, October 2009

  • Johnson, Jarrett L.; Greif, Thomas H.; Bromm, Volker
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 399, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.15158.x

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Radiative properties of the first galaxies: rapid transition between UV and infrared bright phases
    journal, July 2019

    • Arata, Shohei; Yajima, Hidenobu; Nagamine, Kentaro
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 488, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz1887

    Radiative properties of the first galaxies: rapid transition between UV and infrared bright phases
    journal, July 2019

    • Arata, Shohei; Yajima, Hidenobu; Nagamine, Kentaro
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 488, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz1887