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Title: First Light II: Emission Line Extinction, Population III Stars, and X-ray Binaries

Here, we produce synthetic spectra and observations for metal-free stellar populations and high-mass X-ray binaries in the Renaissance Simulations at a redshift of 15. We extend our methodology from the first paper in the series by modelling the production and extinction of emission lines throughout a dusty and metal-enriched interstellar and circum-galactic media extracted from the simulation, using a Monte Carlo calculation. To capture the impact of high-energy photons, we include all frequencies from hard X-ray to far-infrared with enough frequency resolution to discern line emission and absorption profiles. The most common lines in our sample in order of their rate of occurrence are Ly α, the C iv λλ1548, 1551 doublet, H α, and the Ca ii λλλ8498, 8542, 8662 triplet. The best scenario for a direct observation of a metal-free stellar population is a merger between two Population III Galaxies. In mergers between metal-enriched and metal-free stellar populations, some characteristics may be inferred indirectly. Single Population III galaxies are too dim to be observed photometrically at z = 15. Ly α emission is discernible by JWST as an increase in J200w – J277w colour off the intrinsic stellar tracks. Observations of metal-free stars will be difficult, though notmore » impossible, with the next generation of space telescopes.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6]
  1. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States); National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Pasadena, CA (United States)
  2. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
  3. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  4. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)
  5. Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States)
  6. Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States); IBM, Armonk, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711; TRN: US1800999
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 474; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Royal Astronomical Society
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
Country of Publication:
United States
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Population III stars, Xray binaries, Observational diagnostics
OSTI Identifier: