skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: High-Frequency Dynamics Modulated by Collective Magnetization Reversal in Artificial Spin Ice

Abstract

Spin-torque ferromagnetic resonance arises in heavy metal-ferromagnet heterostructures when an alternating charge current is passed through the bilayer stack. The methodology to detect the resonance is based on the anisotropic magnetoresistance, which is the change in the electrical resistance due to different orientations of the magnetization. In connected networks of ferromagnetic nanowires, known as artificial spin ice, the magnetoresistance is rather complex owing to the underlying collective behavior of the geometrically frustrated magnetic domain structure. Here, we demonstrate spin-torque ferromagnetic resonance investigations in a square artificial spin-ice system and correlate our observations to magneto-transport measurements. The experimental findings are described using a simulation approach that highlights the importance of the correlated dynamics response of the magnetic system. Here, our results open the possibility of designing reconfigurable microwave oscillators and magnetoresistive devices based on connected networks of nanomagnets.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States)
  3. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States); Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1417023
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1414874
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; SC0010778
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Applied
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2331-7019
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Jungfleisch, Matthias B., Sklenar, Joseph, Ding, Junjia, Park, Jungsik, Pearson, John E., Novosad, Valentine, Schiffer, Peter, and Hoffmann, Axel. High-Frequency Dynamics Modulated by Collective Magnetization Reversal in Artificial Spin Ice. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.8.064026.
Jungfleisch, Matthias B., Sklenar, Joseph, Ding, Junjia, Park, Jungsik, Pearson, John E., Novosad, Valentine, Schiffer, Peter, & Hoffmann, Axel. High-Frequency Dynamics Modulated by Collective Magnetization Reversal in Artificial Spin Ice. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.8.064026.
Jungfleisch, Matthias B., Sklenar, Joseph, Ding, Junjia, Park, Jungsik, Pearson, John E., Novosad, Valentine, Schiffer, Peter, and Hoffmann, Axel. Tue . "High-Frequency Dynamics Modulated by Collective Magnetization Reversal in Artificial Spin Ice". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.8.064026. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1417023.
@article{osti_1417023,
title = {High-Frequency Dynamics Modulated by Collective Magnetization Reversal in Artificial Spin Ice},
author = {Jungfleisch, Matthias B. and Sklenar, Joseph and Ding, Junjia and Park, Jungsik and Pearson, John E. and Novosad, Valentine and Schiffer, Peter and Hoffmann, Axel},
abstractNote = {Spin-torque ferromagnetic resonance arises in heavy metal-ferromagnet heterostructures when an alternating charge current is passed through the bilayer stack. The methodology to detect the resonance is based on the anisotropic magnetoresistance, which is the change in the electrical resistance due to different orientations of the magnetization. In connected networks of ferromagnetic nanowires, known as artificial spin ice, the magnetoresistance is rather complex owing to the underlying collective behavior of the geometrically frustrated magnetic domain structure. Here, we demonstrate spin-torque ferromagnetic resonance investigations in a square artificial spin-ice system and correlate our observations to magneto-transport measurements. The experimental findings are described using a simulation approach that highlights the importance of the correlated dynamics response of the magnetic system. Here, our results open the possibility of designing reconfigurable microwave oscillators and magnetoresistive devices based on connected networks of nanomagnets.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevApplied.8.064026},
journal = {Physical Review Applied},
number = 6,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Experimental setup consisting of a shortened CPW made of Ti/Au with the square ASI made of Py/Pt integrated into the signal arm (S), see inset. A bias-T allows for simultaneous $r f$ -signal transmission and voltage detection by lock-in technique (ST-FMR). A multimeter is used for the MRmore » measurements (two-wire). The lattice constant is given by a, the hole width by b and c = a− b is the bar width. A magnified SEM image is shown in the supplementary material, Fig. S1.« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Dynamic response of an artificial square spin ice
journal, March 2016


Opportunities at the Frontiers of Spintronics
journal, October 2015


The design and verification of MuMax3
journal, October 2014

  • Vansteenkiste, Arne; Leliaert, Jonathan; Dvornik, Mykola
  • AIP Advances, Vol. 4, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4899186

Effects of exchange bias on magnetotransport in permalloy kagome artificial spin ice
journal, February 2015


Magnetization dynamics of topological defects and the spin solid in a kagome artificial spin ice
journal, April 2016


A reconfigurable waveguide for energy-efficient transmission and local manipulation of information in a nanomagnetic device
journal, February 2016

  • Haldar, Arabinda; Kumar, Dheeraj; Adeyeye, Adekunle Olusola
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 11, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2015.332

Broadband ferromagnetic resonance studies on an artificial square spin-ice island array
journal, May 2013

  • Sklenar, J.; Bhat, V. S.; DeLong, L. E.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 113, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4800740

All-electrical manipulation of magnetization dynamics in a ferromagnet by antiferromagnets with anisotropic spin Hall effects
journal, October 2015


Investigation of ferromagnetic resonance and magnetoresistance in anti-spin ice structures
journal, September 2016


Interface-driven spin-torque ferromagnetic resonance by Rashba coupling at the interface between nonmagnetic materials
journal, June 2016


Emerging Chirality in Artificial Spin Ice
journal, March 2012


Insulating Nanomagnets Driven by Spin Torque
journal, December 2016


Unidirectional spin-torque driven magnetization dynamics
journal, June 2017


Magnetic interactions in a ferromagnetic honeycomb nanoscale network
journal, February 2006


Understanding magnetotransport signatures in networks of connected permalloy nanowires
journal, February 2017


Large Area Artificial Spin Ice and Anti-Spin Ice Ni 80 Fe 20 Structures: Static and Dynamic Behavior
journal, January 2016

  • Zhou, Xue; Chua, Geng-Li; Singh, Navab
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201505165

All-electrical detection of spin dynamics in magnetic antidot lattices by the inverse spin Hall effect
journal, February 2016

  • Jungfleisch, Matthias B.; Zhang, Wei; Ding, Junjia
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 108, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4941392

Research Update: Spin transfer torques in permalloy on monolayer MoS 2
journal, March 2016

  • Zhang, Wei; Sklenar, Joseph; Hsu, Bo
  • APL Materials, Vol. 4, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4943076

Anisotropic magnetoresistance in ferromagnetic 3d alloys
journal, July 1975


Spin-Torque Ferromagnetic Resonance Induced by the Spin Hall Effect
journal, January 2011


Rewritable artificial magnetic charge ice
journal, May 2016


Thickness dependence of spin wave excitations in an artificial square spin ice-like geometry
journal, March 2017

  • Li, Y.; Gubbiotti, G.; Casoli, F.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 121, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4978315

Spin-transfer torque generated by a topological insulator
journal, July 2014

  • Mellnik, A. R.; Lee, J. S.; Richardella, A.
  • Nature, Vol. 511, Issue 7510
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature13534

Frustration by design
journal, July 2016

  • Gilbert, Ian; Nisoli, Cristiano; Schiffer, Peter
  • Physics Today, Vol. 69, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/PT.3.3237

Size dependence of static and dynamic magnetic properties in nanoscale square Permalloy antidot arrays
journal, May 2007

  • Yu, Minghui; Malkinski, Leszek; Spinu, Leonard
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 101, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2709501

Spintronic Nanodevices for Bioinspired Computing
journal, October 2016


Colloquium : Artificial spin ice: Designing and imaging magnetic frustration
journal, October 2013

  • Nisoli, Cristiano; Moessner, Roderich; Schiffer, Peter
  • Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 85, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.85.1473

Spectral Analysis of Topological Defects in an Artificial Spin-Ice Lattice
journal, March 2013


Reconfigurable wave band structure of an artificial square ice
journal, April 2016


Magnetoresistance behavior of nanoscale antidot arrays
journal, November 2005


Effect of antidot diameter on the dynamic response of nanoscale antidot arrays
journal, April 2011

  • Ding, J.; Tripathy, D.; Adeyeye, A. O.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 109, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3535425

Artificial ferroic systems: novel functionality from structure, interactions and dynamics
journal, August 2013


Large Spin-Wave Bullet in a Ferrimagnetic Insulator Driven by the Spin Hall Effect
journal, February 2016


Driving and detecting ferromagnetic resonance in insulators with the spin Hall effect
journal, November 2015


Brillouin light scattering study of magnetic-element normal modes in a square artificial spin ice geometry
journal, November 2016


Magnetic response of brickwork artificial spin ice
journal, July 2017


    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.