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Title: Liquidus temperature in the spinel primary phase field: A comparison between optical and crystal fraction methods

Liquidus temperature (TL) was measured for 38 simulated high-level waste borosilicate glasses covering a Hanford composition region, using optical microscopy and crystal-fraction extrapolation methods to analyze isothermally heat-treated specimens. Furthermore, the glasses encompassed a one-component-at-a-time variation of 16 components from a representative Hanford HLW simulant baseline composition. The TL values ranged from 1006 °C to 1603 °C. First-order models were fit to data to obtain component effects on TL (per 1 mass% additions) and then the components were grouped into three categories: TL-increasing components [i.e., Cr 2O 3 (264 °C), “Others” (minor components, 163 °C), oxides of noble metals (137 °C), NiO (91 °C), as well as Al 2O 3 and Fe 2O 3 (~ 19–21 °C)]; TL-decreasing components [i.e., K 2O (-26 °C), Na 2O (-41 °C), and Li 2O (-68 °C)]; and those of little effect [i.e., MnO, P 2O 5, ZrO 2, F, Bi 2O 3, SiO 2, B 2O 3, and CaO (9 to -12 °C)]. We also present the temperatures at which 1 vol% of spinel is at equilibrium with the melt (T1%) as these values are considered relevant to the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant. The measured and estimated values are comparedmore » and contrasted and the effect of TL and T1% on glass formulation is discussed. The different methods for measuring TL are compared and contrasted.« less
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  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3093; PII: S0022309317306373; TRN: US1800978
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 483; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3093
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Environmental Management (EM)
Country of Publication:
United States
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; liquidus temperature; crystal fraction; spinel; high-level waste
OSTI Identifier: