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Title: Plasma channel undulator excited by high-order laser modes

Abstract

The possibility of utilizing plasma undulators and plasma accelerators to produce compact ultraviolet and X-ray sources, has attracted considerable interest for a few decades. This interest has been driven by the great potential to decrease the threshold for accessing such sources, which are mainly provided by a few dedicated large-scale synchrotron or free-electron laser (FEL) facilities. However, the broad radiation bandwidth of such plasma devices limits the source brightness and makes it difficult for the FEL instability to develop. Here in this paper, using multi-dimensional particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations, we demonstrate that a plasma undulator generated by the beating of a mixture of high-order laser modes propagating inside a plasma channel, leads to a few percent radiation bandwidth. The strength of the undulator can reach unity, the period can be less than a millimeter, and the number of undulator periods can be significantly increased by a phase locking technique based on the longitudinal tapering. Polarization control of such an undulator can be achieved by appropriately choosing the phase of the modes. According to our results, in the fully beam loaded regime, the electron current in the plasma undulator can reach 0.3 kA level, making such an undulator a potential candidate towardsmore » a table-Top FEL.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5]
  1. Helmholtz Inst. Jena, Jena (Germany); Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shanghai (China). Shanghai Inst. of Optics and Fine Mechanics
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shanghai (China). Shanghai Inst. of Optics and Fine Mechanics
  4. Helmholtz Inst. Jena, Jena (Germany); Friedrich Schiller Univ., Jena (Germany). Inst. fur Optik und Quantenelektronik
  5. Helmholtz Inst. Jena, Jena (Germany)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1416935
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; Plasma; Accelerators

Citation Formats

Wang, J. W., Schroeder, C. B., Li, R., Zepf, M., and Rykovanov, S. G. Plasma channel undulator excited by high-order laser modes. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-16971-5.
Wang, J. W., Schroeder, C. B., Li, R., Zepf, M., & Rykovanov, S. G. Plasma channel undulator excited by high-order laser modes. United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-16971-5.
Wang, J. W., Schroeder, C. B., Li, R., Zepf, M., and Rykovanov, S. G. Mon . "Plasma channel undulator excited by high-order laser modes". United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-16971-5. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1416935.
@article{osti_1416935,
title = {Plasma channel undulator excited by high-order laser modes},
author = {Wang, J. W. and Schroeder, C. B. and Li, R. and Zepf, M. and Rykovanov, S. G.},
abstractNote = {The possibility of utilizing plasma undulators and plasma accelerators to produce compact ultraviolet and X-ray sources, has attracted considerable interest for a few decades. This interest has been driven by the great potential to decrease the threshold for accessing such sources, which are mainly provided by a few dedicated large-scale synchrotron or free-electron laser (FEL) facilities. However, the broad radiation bandwidth of such plasma devices limits the source brightness and makes it difficult for the FEL instability to develop. Here in this paper, using multi-dimensional particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations, we demonstrate that a plasma undulator generated by the beating of a mixture of high-order laser modes propagating inside a plasma channel, leads to a few percent radiation bandwidth. The strength of the undulator can reach unity, the period can be less than a millimeter, and the number of undulator periods can be significantly increased by a phase locking technique based on the longitudinal tapering. Polarization control of such an undulator can be achieved by appropriately choosing the phase of the modes. According to our results, in the fully beam loaded regime, the electron current in the plasma undulator can reach 0.3 kA level, making such an undulator a potential candidate towards a table-Top FEL.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-017-16971-5},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

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    journal, June 2007


    Tapered plasma channels to phase-lock accelerating and focusing forces in laser-plasma accelerators
    journal, June 2010

    • Rittershofer, W.; Schroeder, C. B.; Esarey, E.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 17, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.3430638

    Plasma channel undulator excited by high-order laser modes
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    • Wang, J. W.; Schroeder, C. B.; Li, R.
    • GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, GSI, Darmstadt
    • DOI: 10.15120/gsi-2017-01877

    First lasing and operation of an ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser
    journal, August 2010


    Multistage coupling of independent laser-plasma accelerators
    journal, February 2016

    • Steinke, S.; van Tilborg, J.; Benedetti, C.
    • Nature, Vol. 530, Issue 7589
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature16525

    Bright spatially coherent synchrotron X-rays from a table-top source
    journal, October 2010

    • Kneip, S.; McGuffey, C.; Martins, J. L.
    • Nature Physics, Vol. 6, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1789

    Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators
    journal, June 2008

    • Malka, Victor; Faure, Jérôme; Gauduel, Yann A.
    • Nature Physics, Vol. 4, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1038/nphys966

    An ultracompact X-ray source based on a laser-plasma undulator
    journal, August 2014

    • Andriyash, I. A.; Lehe, R.; Lifschitz, A.
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5736

    Tunable synchrotron-like radiation from centimeter scale plasma channels
    journal, January 2016

    • Chen, Min; Luo, Ji; Li, Fei-Yu
    • Light: Science & Applications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/lsa.2016.15

    Taking snapshots of photosynthetic water oxidation using femtosecond X-ray diffraction and spectroscopy
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    • Kern, Jan; Tran, Rosalie; Alonso-Mori, Roberto
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5371

    Potential for biomolecular imaging with femtosecond X-ray pulses
    journal, August 2000

    • Neutze, Richard; Wouts, Remco; van der Spoel, David
    • Nature, Vol. 406, Issue 6797
    • DOI: 10.1038/35021099

    A compact synchrotron radiation source driven by a laser-plasma wakefield accelerator
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    • Schlenvoigt, H. -P.; Haupt, K.; Debus, A.
    • Nature Physics, Vol. 4, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1038/nphys811

    Optical control of hard X-ray polarization by electron injection in a laser wakefield accelerator
    journal, September 2013

    • Schnell, Michael; Sävert, Alexander; Uschmann, Ingo
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3421

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    journal, April 2005

    • Bilderback, Donald H.; Elleaume, Pascal; Weckert, Edgar
    • Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 38, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1088/0953-4075/38/9/022

    Demonstration of relativistic electron beam focusing by a laser-plasma lens
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    • Thaury, C.; Guillaume, E.; Döpp, A.
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms7860

    Non-thermal melting in semiconductors measured at femtosecond resolution
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    • Rousse, A.; Rischel, C.; Fourmaux, S.
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    • DOI: 10.1038/35065045

    Two-dimensional dynamics of the plasma wakefield accelerator
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    • Keinigs, Rhon; Jones, Michael E.
    • Physics of Fluids, Vol. 30, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.866183

    Laser-driven soft-X-ray undulator source
    journal, September 2009

    • Fuchs, Matthias; Weingartner, Raphael; Popp, Antonia
    • Nature Physics, Vol. 5, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1404