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Title: A DFT Investigation of the Mechanism of Propene Ammoxidation over α-Bismuth Molybdate

We investigated the mechanisms and energetics for the propene oxidation and ammoxidation occurring on the (010) surface of Bi 2 Mo 3 O 12 using density functional theory (DFT). An energetically feasible sequence of elementary steps for propene oxidation to acrolein, propene ammoxidation to acrylonitrile, and acrolein ammoxidation to acrylonitrile is proposed. Consistent with experimental findings, the rate-limiting step for both propene oxidation and ammoxidation is the initial hydrogen abstraction from the methyl group of propene, which is calculated to have an apparent activation energy of 27.3 kcal/mol. The allyl species produced in this reaction is stabilized as an allyl alkoxide, which can then undergo hydrogen abstraction to form acrolein or react with ammonia adsorbed on under-coordinated surface Bi 3+ cations to form allylamine. Dehydrogenation of allylamine is shown to produce acrylonitrile, whereas reaction with additional adsorbed ammonia leads to the formation of acetonitrile and hydrogen cyanide. The dehydrogenation of allyalkoxide species is found to have a significantly higher activation barrier than reaction with adsorbed ammonia, consistent with the observation that very little acrolein is produced when ammonia is present. Finally, we found that rapid reoxidation of the catalyst surface to release wate the driving force for all reactions involvingmore » the cleavage of C-H or N-H bonds, because practically all of these steps are endothermic. (Chemical Equation Presented).« less
 [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231; CHE-0840505
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Catalysis
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2155-5435
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; acrolein; acrylonitrile; ammonia; ammoxidation; bismuth molybdate; DFT; propene
OSTI Identifier: