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Title: Satellite NO 2 retrievals suggest China has exceeded its NO x reduction goals from the twelfth Five-Year Plan

China’s twelfth Five-Year Plan included pollution control measures with a goal of reducing national emissions of nitrogen oxides (NO x) by 10% by 2015 compared with 2010. Multiple linear regression analysis was used on 11-year time series of all nitrogen dioxide (NO 2) pixels from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) over 18 NO 2 hotspots in China. The regression analysis accounted for variations in meteorology, pixel resolution, seasonal effects, weekday variability and year-to-year variability. The NO 2 trends suggested that there was an increase in NO 2 columns in most areas from 2005 to around 2011 which was followed by a strong decrease continuing through 2015. The satellite results were in good agreement with the annual official NO x emission inventories which were available up until 2014. We show the value of evaluating trends in emission inventories using satellite retrievals. It further shows that recent control strategies were effective in reducing emissions and that recent economic transformations in China may be having an effect on NO 2 columns. The satellite information for 2015 suggests that emissions have continued to decrease since the latest inventories available and have surpassed the goals of the twelfth Five-Year Plan.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. St. Louis Univ., MO (United States). Dept. of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Energy System Division
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE); National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA)
Country of Publication:
United States
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; atmospheric chemistry; environmental impact
OSTI Identifier: