Efficient Steplike Carrier Multiplication in Percolative Networks of Epitaxially Connected PbSe Nanocrystals
Here, carrier multiplication (CM) is a process in which a single photon excites two or more electrons. CM is of interest to enhance the efficiency of a solar cell. Until now, CM in thin films and solar cells of semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) has been found at photon energies well above the minimum required energy of twice the band gap. The high threshold of CM strongly limits the benefits for solar cell applications. We show that CM is more efficient in a percolative network of directly connected PbSe NCs. The CM threshold is at twice the band gap and increases in a steplike fashion with photon energy. A lower CM efficiency is found for a solid of weaker coupled NCs. This demonstrates that the coupling between NCs strongly affects the CM efficiency. According to device simulations, the measured CM efficiency would significantly enhance the power conversion efficiency of a solar cell.
 Authors:

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 Delft Univ. of Technology, Delft (The Netherlands)
 Univ. of Salford, Manchester (United Kingdom)
 National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
 Univ. of Utrecht, Utrecht (The Netherlands)
 Publication Date:
 Report Number(s):
 NREL/JA590068940
Journal ID: ISSN 19360851
 Grant/Contract Number:
 AC3608GO28308
 Type:
 Accepted Manuscript
 Journal Name:
 ACS Nano
 Additional Journal Information:
 Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 19360851
 Publisher:
 American Chemical Society (ACS)
 Research Org:
 National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
 Sponsoring Org:
 USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC22)
 Country of Publication:
 United States
 Language:
 English
 Subject:
 14 SOLAR ENERGY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; carrier multiplication; charge carrier mobility; nanocrystal networks; solar cell efficiency; terahertz spectroscopy
 OSTI Identifier:
 1416716
Kulkarni, Aditya, Evers, Wiel H., Tomic, Stanko, Beard, Matthew C., Vanmaekelbergh, Daniel, and Siebbeles, Laurens D. A.. Efficient Steplike Carrier Multiplication in Percolative Networks of Epitaxially Connected PbSe Nanocrystals. United States: N. p.,
Web. doi:10.1021/acsnano.7b06511.
Kulkarni, Aditya, Evers, Wiel H., Tomic, Stanko, Beard, Matthew C., Vanmaekelbergh, Daniel, & Siebbeles, Laurens D. A.. Efficient Steplike Carrier Multiplication in Percolative Networks of Epitaxially Connected PbSe Nanocrystals. United States. doi:10.1021/acsnano.7b06511.
Kulkarni, Aditya, Evers, Wiel H., Tomic, Stanko, Beard, Matthew C., Vanmaekelbergh, Daniel, and Siebbeles, Laurens D. A.. 2017.
"Efficient Steplike Carrier Multiplication in Percolative Networks of Epitaxially Connected PbSe Nanocrystals". United States.
doi:10.1021/acsnano.7b06511. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1416716.
@article{osti_1416716,
title = {Efficient Steplike Carrier Multiplication in Percolative Networks of Epitaxially Connected PbSe Nanocrystals},
author = {Kulkarni, Aditya and Evers, Wiel H. and Tomic, Stanko and Beard, Matthew C. and Vanmaekelbergh, Daniel and Siebbeles, Laurens D. A.},
abstractNote = {Here, carrier multiplication (CM) is a process in which a single photon excites two or more electrons. CM is of interest to enhance the efficiency of a solar cell. Until now, CM in thin films and solar cells of semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) has been found at photon energies well above the minimum required energy of twice the band gap. The high threshold of CM strongly limits the benefits for solar cell applications. We show that CM is more efficient in a percolative network of directly connected PbSe NCs. The CM threshold is at twice the band gap and increases in a steplike fashion with photon energy. A lower CM efficiency is found for a solid of weaker coupled NCs. This demonstrates that the coupling between NCs strongly affects the CM efficiency. According to device simulations, the measured CM efficiency would significantly enhance the power conversion efficiency of a solar cell.},
doi = {10.1021/acsnano.7b06511},
journal = {ACS Nano},
number = 1,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}