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Title: Determining the Elemental and Isotopic Composition of the Pre-solar Nebula from Genesis Data Analysis: The Case of Oxygen

Abstract

Here, we compare element and isotopic fractionations measured in bulk solar wind samples collected by NASA's Genesis mission with those predicted from models incorporating both the ponderomotive force in the chromosphere and conservation of the first adiabatic invariant in the low corona. Generally good agreement is found, suggesting that these factors are consistent with the process of solar wind fractionation. Based on bulk wind measurements, we also consider in more detail the isotopic and elemental abundances of O. We also find mild support for an O abundance in the range 8.75–8.83, with a value as low as 8.69 disfavored. A stronger conclusion must await solar wind regime-specific measurements from the Genesis samples.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [4];  [5];  [2]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [8]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [8];  [9]
  1. Naval Research Lab. (NRL), Washington, DC (United States). Space Science Division
  2. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences
  3. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States). Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences
  4. Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States). School of Earth and Space Exploration
  5. Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI (United States). Hawaii Inst. of Geophysics and Planetology
  6. Carnegie Inst. of Washington, Washington, DC (United States). Dept. of Terrestrial Magnetism
  7. Univ. of Montana, Missoula, MT (United States). Dept. of Physics
  8. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States). Space and Remote Sensing (ISR-2)
  9. California State Univ. (CalState), Fullerton, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
OSTI Identifier:
1416305
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-27683
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-8213; TRN: US1800909
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal. Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 851; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-8213
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Planetary Sciences

Citation Formats

Laming, J. Martin, Heber, Veronika S., Burnett, Donald S., Guan, Yunbin, Hervig, Richard, Huss, Gary R., Jurewicz, Amy J. G., Koeman-Shields, E. C., McKeegan, Kevin D., Nittler, Lawrence R., Reisenfeld, Daniel B., Rieck, Karen D., Wang, J., Wiens, Roger C., and Woolum, Dorothy S. Determining the Elemental and Isotopic Composition of the Pre-solar Nebula from Genesis Data Analysis: The Case of Oxygen. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aa9bf0.
Laming, J. Martin, Heber, Veronika S., Burnett, Donald S., Guan, Yunbin, Hervig, Richard, Huss, Gary R., Jurewicz, Amy J. G., Koeman-Shields, E. C., McKeegan, Kevin D., Nittler, Lawrence R., Reisenfeld, Daniel B., Rieck, Karen D., Wang, J., Wiens, Roger C., & Woolum, Dorothy S. Determining the Elemental and Isotopic Composition of the Pre-solar Nebula from Genesis Data Analysis: The Case of Oxygen. United States. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aa9bf0.
Laming, J. Martin, Heber, Veronika S., Burnett, Donald S., Guan, Yunbin, Hervig, Richard, Huss, Gary R., Jurewicz, Amy J. G., Koeman-Shields, E. C., McKeegan, Kevin D., Nittler, Lawrence R., Reisenfeld, Daniel B., Rieck, Karen D., Wang, J., Wiens, Roger C., and Woolum, Dorothy S. Wed . "Determining the Elemental and Isotopic Composition of the Pre-solar Nebula from Genesis Data Analysis: The Case of Oxygen". United States. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aa9bf0. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1416305.
@article{osti_1416305,
title = {Determining the Elemental and Isotopic Composition of the Pre-solar Nebula from Genesis Data Analysis: The Case of Oxygen},
author = {Laming, J. Martin and Heber, Veronika S. and Burnett, Donald S. and Guan, Yunbin and Hervig, Richard and Huss, Gary R. and Jurewicz, Amy J. G. and Koeman-Shields, E. C. and McKeegan, Kevin D. and Nittler, Lawrence R. and Reisenfeld, Daniel B. and Rieck, Karen D. and Wang, J. and Wiens, Roger C. and Woolum, Dorothy S.},
abstractNote = {Here, we compare element and isotopic fractionations measured in bulk solar wind samples collected by NASA's Genesis mission with those predicted from models incorporating both the ponderomotive force in the chromosphere and conservation of the first adiabatic invariant in the low corona. Generally good agreement is found, suggesting that these factors are consistent with the process of solar wind fractionation. Based on bulk wind measurements, we also consider in more detail the isotopic and elemental abundances of O. We also find mild support for an O abundance in the range 8.75–8.83, with a value as low as 8.69 disfavored. A stronger conclusion must await solar wind regime-specific measurements from the Genesis samples.},
doi = {10.3847/2041-8213/aa9bf0},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal. Letters},
number = 1,
volume = 851,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Element Abundances: A New Diagnostic for the Solar Wind
    journal, July 2019

    • Laming, J. Martin; Vourlidas, Angelos; Korendyke, Clarence
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 879, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab23f1

    Element Abundances: A New Diagnostic for the Solar Wind
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    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab23f1