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Title: In situ frustum indentation of nanoporous copper thin films

Mechanical properties of thin films are often obtained solely from nanoindentation. At the same time, such measurements are characterized by a substantial amount of uncertainty, especially when mean pressure or hardness are used to infer uniaxial yield stress. In this paper we demonstrate that indentation with a pyramidal flat tip (frustum) indenter near the free edge of a sample can provide a significantly better estimate of the uniaxial yield strength compared to frequently used Berkovich indenter. This is first demonstrated using a numerical model for a material with an isotropic pressure sensitive yield criterion. Numerical simulations confirm that the indenter geometry provides a clear distinction of the mean pressure at which a material transitions to inelastic behavior. The mean critical pressure is highly dependent on the plastic Poisson ratio ν p so that at the 1% offset of normalized indent depth, the critical pressure p m c normalized to the uniaxial yield strength σ 0 is 1 < p m c0 < 1.3 for materials with 0 < ν p < 0.5. Choice of a frustum over Berkovich indenter reduces uncertainty in hardness by a factor of 3. These results are used to interpret frustum indentation experiments on nanoporousmore » (NP) Copper with struts of typical diameter of 45 nm. An estimate of the yield strength of NP Copper is obtained 230 MPa < σ 0 < 300 MPa. Edge indentation further allows one to obtain in-plane strain maps near the critical pressure. Finally, comparison of the experimentally obtained in-plane strain maps of NP Cu during deformation and the strain field for different plastic Poisson ratios suggest that this material has a plastic Poisson ratio of the order of 0.2–0.3. However, existing constitutive models may not adequately capture post-yield behavior of NP metals.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [1]
  1. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States). The Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering
  2. Univ. of Nevada, Reno, NV (United States). Chemical and Materials Engineering
  3. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States). Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT)
  4. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0749-6419
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396; CMMI-1351705
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Plasticity
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 98; Journal ID: ISSN 0749-6419
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; yield condition; constitutive behavior; porous material; finite elements; mechanical testing; electron microscopy
OSTI Identifier: