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Title: Measurement of the Bi 209 ( n , 4 n ) Bi 206 and Tm 169 ( n , 3 n ) Tm 167 cross sections between 23.5 and 30.5 MeV relevant to reaction-in-flight neutron studies at the National Ignition Facility

At the National Ignition Facility, experiments are being performed to measure charged-particle stopping powers in the previously unexplored warm dense plasma regime. These measurements are done using reaction-in-flight (RIF) neutrons from an inertial confinement fusion system. RIF neutrons are produced with a continuum of energies up to 30 MeV. By making activation measurements utilizing threshold reactions for neutrons in the energy range of 15 < E n < 30 MeV , the number of RIF neutrons can be determined and from this the stopping power of the deuterium and tritium ions that produced the RIF neutrons can be inferred. Currently, the 169 Tm ( n , 3 n ) 167 Tm reaction has been used. However, in an effort to provide a secondary complimentary measurement, efforts are underway to make use of the 209 Bi ( n , 4 n ) 206 Bi reaction, with a threshold of 22.5 MeV. The cross sections were measured at the 10 MV tandem Van De Graaff accelerator at the Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory with quasimonoenergetic neutrons between 23.5 and 30.5 MeV, where few previous measurements have been made. Cross-section data are compared to calculations and other available measurements.
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-741346; LA-UR-17-27157
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9985; PRVCAN
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344; AC52-06NA25396
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9985
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; nuclear fusion; nuclear reactions; nucleon induced nuclear reactions; transfer reactions; particle sources & targets; spectrometers & spectroscopic techniques
OSTI Identifier:
1416291
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1377098; OSTI ID: 1409948

Gooden, M. E., Bredeweg, T. A., Champine, B., Combs, D. C., Finch, S., Hayes-Sterbenz, A., Henry, E., Krishichayan,, Rundberg, R., Tornow, W., Wilhelmy, J., and Yeamans, C.. Measurement of the Bi209(n,4n)Bi206 and Tm169(n,3n)Tm167 cross sections between 23.5 and 30.5 MeV relevant to reaction-in-flight neutron studies at the National Ignition Facility. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.96.024622.
Gooden, M. E., Bredeweg, T. A., Champine, B., Combs, D. C., Finch, S., Hayes-Sterbenz, A., Henry, E., Krishichayan,, Rundberg, R., Tornow, W., Wilhelmy, J., & Yeamans, C.. Measurement of the Bi209(n,4n)Bi206 and Tm169(n,3n)Tm167 cross sections between 23.5 and 30.5 MeV relevant to reaction-in-flight neutron studies at the National Ignition Facility. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.96.024622.
Gooden, M. E., Bredeweg, T. A., Champine, B., Combs, D. C., Finch, S., Hayes-Sterbenz, A., Henry, E., Krishichayan,, Rundberg, R., Tornow, W., Wilhelmy, J., and Yeamans, C.. 2017. "Measurement of the Bi209(n,4n)Bi206 and Tm169(n,3n)Tm167 cross sections between 23.5 and 30.5 MeV relevant to reaction-in-flight neutron studies at the National Ignition Facility". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.96.024622. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1416291.
@article{osti_1416291,
title = {Measurement of the Bi209(n,4n)Bi206 and Tm169(n,3n)Tm167 cross sections between 23.5 and 30.5 MeV relevant to reaction-in-flight neutron studies at the National Ignition Facility},
author = {Gooden, M. E. and Bredeweg, T. A. and Champine, B. and Combs, D. C. and Finch, S. and Hayes-Sterbenz, A. and Henry, E. and Krishichayan, and Rundberg, R. and Tornow, W. and Wilhelmy, J. and Yeamans, C.},
abstractNote = {At the National Ignition Facility, experiments are being performed to measure charged-particle stopping powers in the previously unexplored warm dense plasma regime. These measurements are done using reaction-in-flight (RIF) neutrons from an inertial confinement fusion system. RIF neutrons are produced with a continuum of energies up to 30 MeV. By making activation measurements utilizing threshold reactions for neutrons in the energy range of 15 < E n < 30 MeV , the number of RIF neutrons can be determined and from this the stopping power of the deuterium and tritium ions that produced the RIF neutrons can be inferred. Currently, the 169 Tm ( n , 3 n ) 167 Tm reaction has been used. However, in an effort to provide a secondary complimentary measurement, efforts are underway to make use of the 209 Bi ( n , 4 n ) 206 Bi reaction, with a threshold of 22.5 MeV. The cross sections were measured at the 10 MV tandem Van De Graaff accelerator at the Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory with quasimonoenergetic neutrons between 23.5 and 30.5 MeV, where few previous measurements have been made. Cross-section data are compared to calculations and other available measurements.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.96.024622},
journal = {Physical Review C},
number = 2,
volume = 96,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {8}
}