skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Measurement of the Bi 209 ( n , 4 n ) Bi 206 and Tm 169 ( n , 3 n ) Tm 167 cross sections between 23.5 and 30.5 MeV relevant to reaction-in-flight neutron studies at the National Ignition Facility

Abstract

At the National Ignition Facility, experiments are being performed to measure charged-particle stopping powers in the previously unexplored warm dense plasma regime. These measurements are done using reaction-in-flight (RIF) neutrons from an inertial confinement fusion system. RIF neutrons are produced with a continuum of energies up to 30 MeV. By making activation measurements utilizing threshold reactions for neutrons in the energy range of 15 < E n < 30 MeV, the number of RIF neutrons can be determined and from this the stopping power of the deuterium and tritium ions that produced the RIF neutrons can be inferred. Currently, the 169Tm(n, 3n) 167Tm reaction has been used. However, in an effort to provide a secondary complimentary measurement, efforts are underway to make use of the 209Bi(n, 4n) 206Bi reaction, with a threshold of 22.5 MeV. The cross sections were measured in this paper at the 10 MV tandem Van De Graaff accelerator at the Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory with quasimonoenergetic neutrons between 23.5 and 30.5 MeV, where few previous measurements have been made. Finally, cross-section data are compared to calculations and other available measurements.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [5];  [4];  [1];  [4];  [1];  [5]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  3. North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States); Triangle Universities Nuclear Lab., Durham, NC (United States)
  4. Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States); Triangle Universities Nuclear Lab., Durham, NC (United States)
  5. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1416291
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1377098; OSTI ID: 1409948
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-27157; LLNL-JRNL-741346
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9985; TRN: US1800900
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396; AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9985
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; nuclear fusion; nuclear reactions; nucleon induced nuclear reactions; transfer reactions; particle sources & targets; spectrometers & spectroscopic techniques; 42 ENGINEERING; 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Gooden, M. E., Bredeweg, T. A., Champine, B., Combs, D. C., Finch, S., Hayes-Sterbenz, A., Henry, E., Krishichayan, F., Rundberg, R., Tornow, W., Wilhelmy, J., and Yeamans, C. Measurement of the Bi209(n,4n)Bi206 and Tm169(n,3n)Tm167 cross sections between 23.5 and 30.5 MeV relevant to reaction-in-flight neutron studies at the National Ignition Facility. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.96.024622.
Gooden, M. E., Bredeweg, T. A., Champine, B., Combs, D. C., Finch, S., Hayes-Sterbenz, A., Henry, E., Krishichayan, F., Rundberg, R., Tornow, W., Wilhelmy, J., & Yeamans, C. Measurement of the Bi209(n,4n)Bi206 and Tm169(n,3n)Tm167 cross sections between 23.5 and 30.5 MeV relevant to reaction-in-flight neutron studies at the National Ignition Facility. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.96.024622.
Gooden, M. E., Bredeweg, T. A., Champine, B., Combs, D. C., Finch, S., Hayes-Sterbenz, A., Henry, E., Krishichayan, F., Rundberg, R., Tornow, W., Wilhelmy, J., and Yeamans, C. Mon . "Measurement of the Bi209(n,4n)Bi206 and Tm169(n,3n)Tm167 cross sections between 23.5 and 30.5 MeV relevant to reaction-in-flight neutron studies at the National Ignition Facility". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.96.024622. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1416291.
@article{osti_1416291,
title = {Measurement of the Bi209(n,4n)Bi206 and Tm169(n,3n)Tm167 cross sections between 23.5 and 30.5 MeV relevant to reaction-in-flight neutron studies at the National Ignition Facility},
author = {Gooden, M. E. and Bredeweg, T. A. and Champine, B. and Combs, D. C. and Finch, S. and Hayes-Sterbenz, A. and Henry, E. and Krishichayan, F. and Rundberg, R. and Tornow, W. and Wilhelmy, J. and Yeamans, C.},
abstractNote = {At the National Ignition Facility, experiments are being performed to measure charged-particle stopping powers in the previously unexplored warm dense plasma regime. These measurements are done using reaction-in-flight (RIF) neutrons from an inertial confinement fusion system. RIF neutrons are produced with a continuum of energies up to 30 MeV. By making activation measurements utilizing threshold reactions for neutrons in the energy range of 15 < En < 30 MeV, the number of RIF neutrons can be determined and from this the stopping power of the deuterium and tritium ions that produced the RIF neutrons can be inferred. Currently, the 169Tm(n, 3n) 167Tm reaction has been used. However, in an effort to provide a secondary complimentary measurement, efforts are underway to make use of the 209Bi(n, 4n) 206Bi reaction, with a threshold of 22.5 MeV. The cross sections were measured in this paper at the 10 MV tandem Van De Graaff accelerator at the Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory with quasimonoenergetic neutrons between 23.5 and 30.5 MeV, where few previous measurements have been made. Finally, cross-section data are compared to calculations and other available measurements.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.96.024622},
journal = {Physical Review C},
number = 2,
volume = 96,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

High-Adiabat High-Foot Inertial Confinement Fusion Implosion Experiments on the National Ignition Facility
journal, February 2014


Energy Dependence of Fission Product Yields from 235U, 238U and 239Pu for Incident Neutron Energies Between 0.5 and 14.8 MeV
journal, January 2016


Modern Nuclear Data Evaluation with the TALYS Code System
journal, December 2012


Measurements of Neutron Spallation Cross Sections of 12 C and 209 Bi in the 20- to 150-MeV Energy Range
journal, July 1998

  • Kim, E.; Nakamura, T.; Konno, A.
  • Nuclear Science and Engineering, Vol. 129, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.13182/NSE98-A1977

ENDF/B-VII.1 Nuclear Data for Science and Technology: Cross Sections, Covariances, Fission Product Yields and Decay Data
journal, December 2011


Studies of (n,xn) cross-sections in Al, Au, Bi, Cu, Fe, I, In, Mg, Ni, Ta, Y, and Zn by the activation method
journal, October 2013

  • Vrzalová, J.; Svoboda, O.; Krása, A.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 726
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2013.05.133

Cross sections for ( n ,   xn ) reactions between 7.5 and 28 MeV
journal, August 1975

  • Bayhurst, B. P.; Gilmore, J. S.; Prestwood, R. J.
  • Physical Review C, Vol. 12, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.12.451

Reaction-in-flight neutrons as a test of stopping power in degenerate plasmas
journal, August 2015

  • Hayes, A. C.; Jungman, Gerard; Schulz, A. E.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 22, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4928104

Measurement of activation cross-sections for high-energy neutron-induced reactions of Bi and Pb
journal, August 2015