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Title: Coherent amplification of X-ray scattering from meso-structures

Abstract

Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) often includes an unwanted background, which increases the required measurement time to resolve the sample structure. This is undesirable in all experiments, and may make measurement of dynamic or radiation-sensitive samples impossible. Here, we demonstrate a new technique, applicable when the scattering signal is background-dominated, which reduces the requisite exposure time. Our method consists of exploiting coherent interference between a sample with a designed strongly scattering `amplifier'. A modified angular correlation function is used to extract the symmetry of the interference term; that is, the scattering arising from the interference between the amplifier and the sample. This enables reconstruction of the sample's symmetry, despite the sample scattering itself being well below the intensity of background scattering. Thus, coherent amplification is used to generate a strong scattering term (well above background), from which sample scattering is inferred. We validate this method using lithographically defined test samples.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1416074
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1407470
Report Number(s):
BNL-114470-2017-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 2052-2525; IUCRAJ; PII: S2052252517008107
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
IUCrJ
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: IUCrJ Journal Volume: 4 Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2052-2525
Publisher:
International Union of Crystallography (IUCr)
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; coherent amplification; small-angle X-ray scattering; meso-structures

Citation Formats

Lhermitte, Julien R., Stein, Aaron, Tian, Cheng, Zhang, Yugang, Wiegart, Lutz, Fluerasu, Andrei, Gang, Oleg, and Yager, Kevin G. Coherent amplification of X-ray scattering from meso-structures. United Kingdom: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1107/S2052252517008107.
Lhermitte, Julien R., Stein, Aaron, Tian, Cheng, Zhang, Yugang, Wiegart, Lutz, Fluerasu, Andrei, Gang, Oleg, & Yager, Kevin G. Coherent amplification of X-ray scattering from meso-structures. United Kingdom. doi:10.1107/S2052252517008107.
Lhermitte, Julien R., Stein, Aaron, Tian, Cheng, Zhang, Yugang, Wiegart, Lutz, Fluerasu, Andrei, Gang, Oleg, and Yager, Kevin G. Mon . "Coherent amplification of X-ray scattering from meso-structures". United Kingdom. doi:10.1107/S2052252517008107.
@article{osti_1416074,
title = {Coherent amplification of X-ray scattering from meso-structures},
author = {Lhermitte, Julien R. and Stein, Aaron and Tian, Cheng and Zhang, Yugang and Wiegart, Lutz and Fluerasu, Andrei and Gang, Oleg and Yager, Kevin G.},
abstractNote = {Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) often includes an unwanted background, which increases the required measurement time to resolve the sample structure. This is undesirable in all experiments, and may make measurement of dynamic or radiation-sensitive samples impossible. Here, we demonstrate a new technique, applicable when the scattering signal is background-dominated, which reduces the requisite exposure time. Our method consists of exploiting coherent interference between a sample with a designed strongly scattering `amplifier'. A modified angular correlation function is used to extract the symmetry of the interference term; that is, the scattering arising from the interference between the amplifier and the sample. This enables reconstruction of the sample's symmetry, despite the sample scattering itself being well below the intensity of background scattering. Thus, coherent amplification is used to generate a strong scattering term (well above background), from which sample scattering is inferred. We validate this method using lithographically defined test samples.},
doi = {10.1107/S2052252517008107},
journal = {IUCrJ},
number = 5,
volume = 4,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2017},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1107/S2052252517008107

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