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Title: Hydration kinetics and morphology of cement pastes with pozzolanic volcanic ash studied via synchrotron-based techniques

Abstract

Here, this study investigates the early ages of hydration behavior when basaltic volcanic ash was used as a partial substitute to ordinary Portland cement using ultra-small-angle X-ray scattering and wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS). The mix design consisted of 10, 30 and 50% substitution of Portland cement with two different-sized volcanic ashes. The data showed that substitution of volcanic ash above 30% results in excess unreacted volcanic ash, rather than additional pozzolanic reactions along longer length scales. WAXS studies revealed that addition of finely ground volcanic ash facilitated calcium-silicate-hydrate related phases, whereas inclusion of coarser volcanic ash caused domination by calcium-aluminum-silicate-hydrate and unreacted MgO phases, suggesting some volcanic ash remained unreacted throughout the hydration process. Addition of more than 30% volcanic ash leads to coarser morphology along with decreased surface area and higher intensity of scattering at early-age hydration. This suggests an abrupt dissolution indicated by changes in surface area due to the retarding gel formation that can have implication on early-age setting influencing the mechanical properties of the resulting cementitious matrix. The findings from this work show that the concentration of volcanic ash influences the specific surface area and morphology of hydration products during the early age of hydration. Therefore,more » natural pozzolanic volcanic ashes can be a viable substitute to Portland cement by providing environmental benefits in terms of lower-carbon footprint along with long-term durability.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [1]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States). Laboratory for Infrastructure Science and Sustainability (LISS), Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). X-ray Science Division, Advanced Photon Source
  3. Kuwait University, Safat (Kuwait). Chemistry Dept.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Scientific User Facilities Division; Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research
OSTI Identifier:
1415939
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 53; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-2461
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Microstructure; Portland Cement; Small Angle X-Ray Scattering (SAXS); Small-Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS); volcanic ash

Citation Formats

Kupwade-Patil, Kunal, Chin, Stephanie, Ilavsky, Jan, Andrews, Ross N., Bumajdad, Ali, and Buyukozturk, Oral. Hydration kinetics and morphology of cement pastes with pozzolanic volcanic ash studied via synchrotron-based techniques. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1007/s10853-017-1659-4.
Kupwade-Patil, Kunal, Chin, Stephanie, Ilavsky, Jan, Andrews, Ross N., Bumajdad, Ali, & Buyukozturk, Oral. Hydration kinetics and morphology of cement pastes with pozzolanic volcanic ash studied via synchrotron-based techniques. United States. doi:10.1007/s10853-017-1659-4.
Kupwade-Patil, Kunal, Chin, Stephanie, Ilavsky, Jan, Andrews, Ross N., Bumajdad, Ali, and Buyukozturk, Oral. Fri . "Hydration kinetics and morphology of cement pastes with pozzolanic volcanic ash studied via synchrotron-based techniques". United States. doi:10.1007/s10853-017-1659-4. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1415939.
@article{osti_1415939,
title = {Hydration kinetics and morphology of cement pastes with pozzolanic volcanic ash studied via synchrotron-based techniques},
author = {Kupwade-Patil, Kunal and Chin, Stephanie and Ilavsky, Jan and Andrews, Ross N. and Bumajdad, Ali and Buyukozturk, Oral},
abstractNote = {Here, this study investigates the early ages of hydration behavior when basaltic volcanic ash was used as a partial substitute to ordinary Portland cement using ultra-small-angle X-ray scattering and wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS). The mix design consisted of 10, 30 and 50% substitution of Portland cement with two different-sized volcanic ashes. The data showed that substitution of volcanic ash above 30% results in excess unreacted volcanic ash, rather than additional pozzolanic reactions along longer length scales. WAXS studies revealed that addition of finely ground volcanic ash facilitated calcium-silicate-hydrate related phases, whereas inclusion of coarser volcanic ash caused domination by calcium-aluminum-silicate-hydrate and unreacted MgO phases, suggesting some volcanic ash remained unreacted throughout the hydration process. Addition of more than 30% volcanic ash leads to coarser morphology along with decreased surface area and higher intensity of scattering at early-age hydration. This suggests an abrupt dissolution indicated by changes in surface area due to the retarding gel formation that can have implication on early-age setting influencing the mechanical properties of the resulting cementitious matrix. The findings from this work show that the concentration of volcanic ash influences the specific surface area and morphology of hydration products during the early age of hydration. Therefore, natural pozzolanic volcanic ashes can be a viable substitute to Portland cement by providing environmental benefits in terms of lower-carbon footprint along with long-term durability.},
doi = {10.1007/s10853-017-1659-4},
journal = {Journal of Materials Science},
number = 3,
volume = 53,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

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