skip to main content


This content will become publicly available on October 25, 2018

Title: Intercalated europium metal in epitaxial graphene on SiC

X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) reveals the magnetic properties of intercalated europium metal under graphene on SiC(0001). Intercalation of Eu nanoclusters (average size 2.5 nm) between graphene and SiC substate are formed by deposition of Eu on epitaxially grown graphene that is subsequently annealed at various temperatures while keeping the integrity of the graphene layer. Using sum-rules analysis of the XMCD of Eu M 4,5 edges at T = 15 K, our samples show paramagnetic-like behavior with distinct anomaly at T ≈ 90 K, which may be related to the Nèel transition, T N = 91 K, of bulk metal Eu. Here, we find no evidence of ferromagnetism due to EuO or antiferromagnetism due to Eu 2 O 3, indicating that the graphene layer protects the intercalated metallic Eu against oxidation over months of exposure to atmospheric environment.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS), X-ray Science Division
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2475-9953; PRMHAR; TRN: US1800853
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11358; AC02-06CH11357
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2475-9953
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Magnetism; Graphene; X-ray magnetic circular dichroism
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1404744; OSTI ID: 1461416