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Title: Optical charge state control of spin defects in 4H-SiC

Defects in silicon carbide (SiC) have emerged as a favorable platform for optically active spin-based quantum technologies. Spin qubits exist in specific charge states of these defects, where the ability to control these states can provide enhanced spin-dependent readout and long-term charge stability. We investigate this charge state control for two major spin qubits in 4H-SiC, the divacancy and silicon vacancy, obtaining bidirectional optical charge conversion between the bright and dark states of these defects. We measure increased photoluminescence from divacancy ensembles by up to three orders of magnitude using near-ultraviolet excitation, depending on the substrate, and without degrading the electron spin coherence time. This charge conversion remains stable for hours at cryogenic temperatures, allowing spatial and persistent patterning of the charge state populations. As a result, we develop a comprehensive model of the defects and optical processes involved, offering a strong basis to improve material design and to develop quantum applications in SiC.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [3] ;  [3]
  1. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Tohoku Univ., Sendai (Japan)
  2. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
  3. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOD
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1415570

Wolfowicz, Gary, Anderson, Christopher P., Yeats, Andrew L., Whiteley, Samuel J., Niklas, Jens, Poluektov, Oleg G., Heremans, F. Joseph, and Awschalom, David D.. Optical charge state control of spin defects in 4H-SiC. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-01993-4.
Wolfowicz, Gary, Anderson, Christopher P., Yeats, Andrew L., Whiteley, Samuel J., Niklas, Jens, Poluektov, Oleg G., Heremans, F. Joseph, & Awschalom, David D.. Optical charge state control of spin defects in 4H-SiC. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-01993-4.
Wolfowicz, Gary, Anderson, Christopher P., Yeats, Andrew L., Whiteley, Samuel J., Niklas, Jens, Poluektov, Oleg G., Heremans, F. Joseph, and Awschalom, David D.. 2017. "Optical charge state control of spin defects in 4H-SiC". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-01993-4. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1415570.
@article{osti_1415570,
title = {Optical charge state control of spin defects in 4H-SiC},
author = {Wolfowicz, Gary and Anderson, Christopher P. and Yeats, Andrew L. and Whiteley, Samuel J. and Niklas, Jens and Poluektov, Oleg G. and Heremans, F. Joseph and Awschalom, David D.},
abstractNote = {Defects in silicon carbide (SiC) have emerged as a favorable platform for optically active spin-based quantum technologies. Spin qubits exist in specific charge states of these defects, where the ability to control these states can provide enhanced spin-dependent readout and long-term charge stability. We investigate this charge state control for two major spin qubits in 4H-SiC, the divacancy and silicon vacancy, obtaining bidirectional optical charge conversion between the bright and dark states of these defects. We measure increased photoluminescence from divacancy ensembles by up to three orders of magnitude using near-ultraviolet excitation, depending on the substrate, and without degrading the electron spin coherence time. This charge conversion remains stable for hours at cryogenic temperatures, allowing spatial and persistent patterning of the charge state populations. As a result, we develop a comprehensive model of the defects and optical processes involved, offering a strong basis to improve material design and to develop quantum applications in SiC.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-017-01993-4},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}