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This content will become publicly available on September 18, 2018

Title: Effect of nanoparticles size and polyelectrolyte on nanoparticles aggregation in a cellulose fibrous matrix

Controlling nanoparticles (NPs) aggregation in cellulose/NPs composites allows to optimise NPs driven properties and their applications. Polyelectrolytes are used to control NPs aggregation and their retention within the fibrous matrix. Here in this study, we aim at evaluating how a polyelectrolyte (Cationic Polyacrylamide; CPAM, molecular weight: 13 MDa, charge: 50%, Radius of gyration: 30–36 nm) adsorbs and re-conforms onto the surface of silica(SiO 2) NPs differing in diameter (8, 22 and 74 nm) and to investigate the respective NPs aggregation in cellulose matrices. SEM shows the local area distribution of NPs in composites. Ultra-SAXS (USAXS) allows to evaluate the average NPs size distribution and the inter-particle interactions at length scale ranging from 1 to 1000 nm. USAXS data analysis reveals that CPAM covers multiple NPs of the smaller diameter (8 nm), presumably with a single chain to form large size NPs aggregates. As the NPs diameter is increased to 22 nm, CPAM re-conforms over NP surface forming a large shell of thickness 5.5 nm. For the composites with NPs of diameter 74 nm, the CPAM chain re-conforms further onto NP surface and the surrounding shell thickness decreases to 2.2 nm. Lastly, structure factor analysis reveals higher structural ordering for NPsmore » as increases their diameter, which is caused by different conformations adopted by CPAM onto NPs surface.« less
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  1. Monash Univ., Clayton, VIC (Australia). Bioresource Processing Research Institute of Australia (BioPRIA), Department of Chemical Engineering
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 510; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9797
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Scientific User Facilities Division; Australian Research Council
Country of Publication:
United States
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Cationic Polyacrylamide (CPAM); Cellulose; Polyelectrolyte; Silica; Ultra SAXS (USAXS)
OSTI Identifier: