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Title: Ionospheric irregularities and acoustic/gravity wave activity above low-latitude thunderstorms

Abstract

Ionospheric irregularities due to plasma bubbles, scintillation, and acoustic/gravity waves are studied in the low-latitude ionosphere in relation to thunderstorm activity. Ionospheric total electron content (TEC) measurements from the Low Latitude Ionospheric Sensor Network (LISN) and lightning measurements from the World-Wide Lightning Location Network (WWLLN) are compared during two summer months and two winter months in 2013. Large amplitude fluctuations in TEC are found to have a strongly-peaked diurnal pattern in the late evening and nighttime summer ionosphere. The maximum magnitude and coverage area of these fluctuations increases as thunderstorm area increases. Summertime mid-amplitude fluctuations do not exhibit the same diurnal variation, but do increase in magnitude and coverage area as thunderstorm area increases. Wintertime ionospheric fluctuations do not appear to be related to thunderstorm activity. Lastly, these findings show that thunderstorms have an observable effect on magnitude and coverage area of ionospheric fluctuations.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1415431
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1416801
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-30883
Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276; TRN: US1800824
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396; 20160231ER; 20130737ECR
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 45; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; ionosphere, thunderstorms, scintillation

Citation Formats

Lay, Erin H. Ionospheric irregularities and acoustic/gravity wave activity above low-latitude thunderstorms. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/2017GL076058.
Lay, Erin H. Ionospheric irregularities and acoustic/gravity wave activity above low-latitude thunderstorms. United States. doi:10.1002/2017GL076058.
Lay, Erin H. Mon . "Ionospheric irregularities and acoustic/gravity wave activity above low-latitude thunderstorms". United States. doi:10.1002/2017GL076058. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1415431.
@article{osti_1415431,
title = {Ionospheric irregularities and acoustic/gravity wave activity above low-latitude thunderstorms},
author = {Lay, Erin H.},
abstractNote = {Ionospheric irregularities due to plasma bubbles, scintillation, and acoustic/gravity waves are studied in the low-latitude ionosphere in relation to thunderstorm activity. Ionospheric total electron content (TEC) measurements from the Low Latitude Ionospheric Sensor Network (LISN) and lightning measurements from the World-Wide Lightning Location Network (WWLLN) are compared during two summer months and two winter months in 2013. Large amplitude fluctuations in TEC are found to have a strongly-peaked diurnal pattern in the late evening and nighttime summer ionosphere. The maximum magnitude and coverage area of these fluctuations increases as thunderstorm area increases. Summertime mid-amplitude fluctuations do not exhibit the same diurnal variation, but do increase in magnitude and coverage area as thunderstorm area increases. Wintertime ionospheric fluctuations do not appear to be related to thunderstorm activity. Lastly, these findings show that thunderstorms have an observable effect on magnitude and coverage area of ionospheric fluctuations.},
doi = {10.1002/2017GL076058},
journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
number = 1,
volume = 45,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
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Cited by: 1 work
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: South America map with LISN GPS stations used (red squares) with region of interest outlined.

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