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Title: Observation of topological nodal fermion semimetal phase in ZrSiS

Abstract

We present that unveiling new topological phases of matter is one of the current objectives in condensed matter physics. Recent experimental discoveries of Dirac and Weyl semimetals prompt the search for other exotic phases of matter. Here we present a systematic angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy study of ZrSiS, a prime topological nodal semimetal candidate. Our wider Brillouin zone (BZ) mapping shows multiple Fermi surface pockets such as the diamond-shaped Fermi surface, elliptical-shaped Fermi surface, and a small electron pocket encircling at the zone center (Γ) point, the M point, and the X point of the BZ, respectively. We experimentally establish the spinless nodal fermion semimetal phase in ZrSiS, which is supported by our first-principles calculations. Our findings evidence that the ZrSiS-type of material family is a new platform on which to explore exotic states of quantum matter; these materials are expected to provide an avenue for engineering two-dimensional topological insulator systems.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [5];  [5];  [4];  [3];  [2];  [6]
  1. Univ. of Central Florida, Orlando, FL (United States)
  2. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
  3. National Taiwan University (Taiwan)
  4. Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences (Poland)
  5. Uppsala University (Sweden)
  6. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1415375
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-22209
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950; TRN: US1800777
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 93; Journal Issue: 20; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Neupane, Madhab, Belopolski, Ilya, Hosen, M. Mofazzel, Sanchez, Daniel S., Sankar, Raman, Szlawska, Maria, Xu, Su-Yang, Dimitri, Klauss, Dhakal, Nagendra, Maldonado, Pablo, Oppeneer, Peter M., Kaczorowski, Dariusz, Chou, Fangcheng, Hasan, M. Zahid, and Durakiewicz, Tomasz. Observation of topological nodal fermion semimetal phase in ZrSiS. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.93.201104.
Neupane, Madhab, Belopolski, Ilya, Hosen, M. Mofazzel, Sanchez, Daniel S., Sankar, Raman, Szlawska, Maria, Xu, Su-Yang, Dimitri, Klauss, Dhakal, Nagendra, Maldonado, Pablo, Oppeneer, Peter M., Kaczorowski, Dariusz, Chou, Fangcheng, Hasan, M. Zahid, & Durakiewicz, Tomasz. Observation of topological nodal fermion semimetal phase in ZrSiS. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.93.201104
Neupane, Madhab, Belopolski, Ilya, Hosen, M. Mofazzel, Sanchez, Daniel S., Sankar, Raman, Szlawska, Maria, Xu, Su-Yang, Dimitri, Klauss, Dhakal, Nagendra, Maldonado, Pablo, Oppeneer, Peter M., Kaczorowski, Dariusz, Chou, Fangcheng, Hasan, M. Zahid, and Durakiewicz, Tomasz. Wed . "Observation of topological nodal fermion semimetal phase in ZrSiS". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.93.201104. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1415375.
@article{osti_1415375,
title = {Observation of topological nodal fermion semimetal phase in ZrSiS},
author = {Neupane, Madhab and Belopolski, Ilya and Hosen, M. Mofazzel and Sanchez, Daniel S. and Sankar, Raman and Szlawska, Maria and Xu, Su-Yang and Dimitri, Klauss and Dhakal, Nagendra and Maldonado, Pablo and Oppeneer, Peter M. and Kaczorowski, Dariusz and Chou, Fangcheng and Hasan, M. Zahid and Durakiewicz, Tomasz},
abstractNote = {We present that unveiling new topological phases of matter is one of the current objectives in condensed matter physics. Recent experimental discoveries of Dirac and Weyl semimetals prompt the search for other exotic phases of matter. Here we present a systematic angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy study of ZrSiS, a prime topological nodal semimetal candidate. Our wider Brillouin zone (BZ) mapping shows multiple Fermi surface pockets such as the diamond-shaped Fermi surface, elliptical-shaped Fermi surface, and a small electron pocket encircling at the zone center (Γ) point, the M point, and the X point of the BZ, respectively. We experimentally establish the spinless nodal fermion semimetal phase in ZrSiS, which is supported by our first-principles calculations. Our findings evidence that the ZrSiS-type of material family is a new platform on which to explore exotic states of quantum matter; these materials are expected to provide an avenue for engineering two-dimensional topological insulator systems.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.93.201104},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 20,
volume = 93,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

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