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Title: A unified materials approach to mitigating optical nonlinearities in optical fiber. III. Canonical examples and materials road map

Abstract

This paper, Part III in the Trilogy, provides a road map for the development of simple core/clad optical fibers whose enhanced performance—in particular, marked reductions in optical nonlinearities—is achieved materially and not through the more conventional present routes of geometrically complex fiber design. More specifically, the material properties that give rise to Brillouin, Raman and Rayleigh scattering, transverse mode instabilities (TMI), and n 2–mediated nonlinear effects are compiled and results on a wide range of optical fibers are discussed with a focus on trends in performance with glass composition. Furthermore, optical power scaling estimations as well as binary and ternary property diagrams associated with Rayleigh scattering, the Brillouin gain coefficient (BGC) and the thermo–optic coefficient (d n/dT) are developed and employed to graphically represent general trends with composition along with compositional targets for a single intrinsically low nonlinearity, silica–based optical fiber that can achieve the power scaling goals of future high energy fiber laser applications. Furthermore, a foundational finding of this work is that the high–silica content optical fibers fabricated using conventional chemical vapor deposition methods will not suffice to meet the power scaling demands of future high–power and high–energy fiber lasers.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Clemson Univ., Clemson, SC (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1414844
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1460496; OSTI ID: 1463833
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-739657
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1286; 893485
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
International Journal of Applied Glass Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1286
Publisher:
American Ceramic Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; glass products; lasers; optical fibers; optical glasses; optical properties

Citation Formats

Cavillon, Maxime, Kucera, Courtney, Hawkins, Thomas, Dawson, Jay, Dragic, Peter D., and Ballato, John. A unified materials approach to mitigating optical nonlinearities in optical fiber. III. Canonical examples and materials road map. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1111/ijag.12336.
Cavillon, Maxime, Kucera, Courtney, Hawkins, Thomas, Dawson, Jay, Dragic, Peter D., & Ballato, John. A unified materials approach to mitigating optical nonlinearities in optical fiber. III. Canonical examples and materials road map. United States. doi:10.1111/ijag.12336.
Cavillon, Maxime, Kucera, Courtney, Hawkins, Thomas, Dawson, Jay, Dragic, Peter D., and Ballato, John. Fri . "A unified materials approach to mitigating optical nonlinearities in optical fiber. III. Canonical examples and materials road map". United States. doi:10.1111/ijag.12336.
@article{osti_1414844,
title = {A unified materials approach to mitigating optical nonlinearities in optical fiber. III. Canonical examples and materials road map},
author = {Cavillon, Maxime and Kucera, Courtney and Hawkins, Thomas and Dawson, Jay and Dragic, Peter D. and Ballato, John},
abstractNote = {This paper, Part III in the Trilogy, provides a road map for the development of simple core/clad optical fibers whose enhanced performance—in particular, marked reductions in optical nonlinearities—is achieved materially and not through the more conventional present routes of geometrically complex fiber design. More specifically, the material properties that give rise to Brillouin, Raman and Rayleigh scattering, transverse mode instabilities (TMI), and n2–mediated nonlinear effects are compiled and results on a wide range of optical fibers are discussed with a focus on trends in performance with glass composition. Furthermore, optical power scaling estimations as well as binary and ternary property diagrams associated with Rayleigh scattering, the Brillouin gain coefficient (BGC) and the thermo–optic coefficient (dn/dT) are developed and employed to graphically represent general trends with composition along with compositional targets for a single intrinsically low nonlinearity, silica–based optical fiber that can achieve the power scaling goals of future high energy fiber laser applications. Furthermore, a foundational finding of this work is that the high–silica content optical fibers fabricated using conventional chemical vapor deposition methods will not suffice to meet the power scaling demands of future high–power and high–energy fiber lasers.},
doi = {10.1111/ijag.12336},
journal = {International Journal of Applied Glass Science},
number = 3,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1111/ijag.12336

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Cited by: 6 works
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