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Title: Magnetic field dependent dynamics and field-driven metal-to-insulator transition of the half-filled Hubbard model: A DMFT+DMRG study

Here, we study the magnetic field-driven metal-to-insulator transition in half-filled Hubbard model on the Bethe lattice, using the dynamical mean-field theory by solving the quantum impurity problem with density-matrix renormalization group algorithm. The method enables us to obtain a high-resolution spectral densities in the presence of a magnetic field. It is found that the Kondo resonance at the Fermi level splits at relatively high magnetic field: the spin-up and -down components move away from the Fermi level and finally form a spin-polarized band insulator. By calculating the magnetization and spin susceptibility, we clarify that an applied magnetic field drives a transition from a paramagnetic metallic phase to a band insulating phase. In the weak interaction regime, the nature of the transition is continuous and captured by the Stoner's description, while in the strong interaction regime the transition is very likely to be metamagnetic, evidenced by the hysteresis curve. Furthermore, we determine the phase boundary by tracking the kink in the magnetic susceptibility, and the steplike change of the entanglement entropy and the entanglement gap closing. Interestingly, the phase boundaries determined from these two different ways are largely consistent with each other.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. California State Univ., Northridge, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-21708
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950; PRBMDO; TRN: US1800665
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Material Science
OSTI Identifier:
1414141
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1374938

Zhu, Wei, Sheng, D. N., and Zhu, Jian -Xin. Magnetic field dependent dynamics and field-driven metal-to-insulator transition of the half-filled Hubbard model: A DMFT+DMRG study. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.085118.
Zhu, Wei, Sheng, D. N., & Zhu, Jian -Xin. Magnetic field dependent dynamics and field-driven metal-to-insulator transition of the half-filled Hubbard model: A DMFT+DMRG study. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.085118.
Zhu, Wei, Sheng, D. N., and Zhu, Jian -Xin. 2017. "Magnetic field dependent dynamics and field-driven metal-to-insulator transition of the half-filled Hubbard model: A DMFT+DMRG study". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.96.085118. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1414141.
@article{osti_1414141,
title = {Magnetic field dependent dynamics and field-driven metal-to-insulator transition of the half-filled Hubbard model: A DMFT+DMRG study},
author = {Zhu, Wei and Sheng, D. N. and Zhu, Jian -Xin},
abstractNote = {Here, we study the magnetic field-driven metal-to-insulator transition in half-filled Hubbard model on the Bethe lattice, using the dynamical mean-field theory by solving the quantum impurity problem with density-matrix renormalization group algorithm. The method enables us to obtain a high-resolution spectral densities in the presence of a magnetic field. It is found that the Kondo resonance at the Fermi level splits at relatively high magnetic field: the spin-up and -down components move away from the Fermi level and finally form a spin-polarized band insulator. By calculating the magnetization and spin susceptibility, we clarify that an applied magnetic field drives a transition from a paramagnetic metallic phase to a band insulating phase. In the weak interaction regime, the nature of the transition is continuous and captured by the Stoner's description, while in the strong interaction regime the transition is very likely to be metamagnetic, evidenced by the hysteresis curve. Furthermore, we determine the phase boundary by tracking the kink in the magnetic susceptibility, and the steplike change of the entanglement entropy and the entanglement gap closing. Interestingly, the phase boundaries determined from these two different ways are largely consistent with each other.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.96.085118},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 8,
volume = 96,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {8}
}