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Title: Progress in understanding and overcoming biomass recalcitrance: a BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) perspective

The DOE BioEnergy Science Center has operated as a virtual center with multiple partners for a decade targeting overcoming biomass recalcitrance. BESC has redefined biomass recalcitrance from an observable phenotype to a better understood and manipulatable fundamental and operational property. These manipulations are then the result of deeper biological understanding and can be combined with other advanced biotechnology improvements in biomass conversion to improve bioenergy processes and markets. This article provides an overview of key accomplishments in overcoming recalcitrance via better plants, better microbes, and better tools and combinations. Finally, we present a perspective on the aspects of successful center operation.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ORCiD logo ;  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). BioEnergy Science Center (BESC). BioEnergy Science Center, Biosciences Division
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Biosciences Division; Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH (United States). Thayer School of Engineering
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Biosciences Division; Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States). Inst. of Bioinformatics. Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, Dept. of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-2700-70666
Journal ID: ISSN 1754-6834
Grant/Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308; AC05-00Or22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Biotechnology for Biofuels
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1754-6834
Publisher:
BioMed Central
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; bioconversion; bioenergy; recalcitrance; center operation; biomass
OSTI Identifier:
1414062