skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Using Long-term Satellite Observations to Identify Sensitive Regimes and Active Regions of Aerosol Indirect Effects for Liquid Clouds over Global Oceans

Abstract

Long-term (1981-2011) satellite climate data records (CDRs) of clouds and aerosols are used to investigate the aerosol-cloud interaction of marine water cloud from a climatology perspective. Our focus is on identifying the regimes and regions where the aerosol indirect effect (AIE) are evident in long-term averages over the global oceans through analyzing the correlation features between aerosol loading and the key cloud variables including cloud droplet effective radius (CDER), cloud optical depth (COD), cloud water path (CWP), cloud top height (CTH), and cloud top temperature (CTT). An aerosol optical thickness (AOT) range of 0.13 < AOT < 0.3 is identified as the sensitive regime of the conventional first AIE where CDER is more susceptible to AOT than the other cloud variables. The first AIE that manifests as the change of long-term averaged CDER appears only in limited oceanic regions. The signature of aerosol invigoration of water clouds as revealed by the increase of cloud cover fraction (CCF) and CTH with increasing AOT at the middle/high latitudes of both hemispheres is identified for a pristine atmosphere (AOT < 0.08). Aerosol invigoration signature is also revealed by the concurrent increase of CDER, COD, and CWP with increasing AOT for a polluted marinemore » atmosphere (AOT > 0.3) in the tropical convergence zones. The regions where the second AIE is likely to manifest in the CCF change are limited to several oceanic areas with high CCF of the warm water clouds near the western coasts of continents. The second AIE signature as represented by the reduction of the precipitation efficiency with increasing AOT is more likely to be observed in the AOT regime of 0.08 < AOT < 0.4. The corresponding AIE active regions manifested themselves as the decline of the precipitation efficiency are mainly limited to the oceanic areas downwind of continental aerosols. Furthermore, the sensitive regime of the conventional AIE identified in this observational study is likely associated with the transitional regime from the aerosol-limited regime to the updraft-limited regime identified for aerosol-cloud interaction in cloud model simulations.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. NOAA/NESDIS, Silver Spring, NC (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  3. State Univ. of New York at Albany, Albany, NY (United States)
  4. NOAA/NESDIS, Madison, WI (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1413961
Report Number(s):
BNL-114822-2017-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X; R&D Project: 2019‐BNL-EE630EECA-Budg; KP1701000; TRN: US1800608
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 123; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Aerosol Indirect Effect; Climate Data Record; Satellite; AVHRR

Citation Formats

Zhao, Xuepeng, Liu, Yangang, Yu, Fangquan, and Heidinger, Andrew K. Using Long-term Satellite Observations to Identify Sensitive Regimes and Active Regions of Aerosol Indirect Effects for Liquid Clouds over Global Oceans. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/2017JD027187.
Zhao, Xuepeng, Liu, Yangang, Yu, Fangquan, & Heidinger, Andrew K. Using Long-term Satellite Observations to Identify Sensitive Regimes and Active Regions of Aerosol Indirect Effects for Liquid Clouds over Global Oceans. United States. doi:10.1002/2017JD027187.
Zhao, Xuepeng, Liu, Yangang, Yu, Fangquan, and Heidinger, Andrew K. Thu . "Using Long-term Satellite Observations to Identify Sensitive Regimes and Active Regions of Aerosol Indirect Effects for Liquid Clouds over Global Oceans". United States. doi:10.1002/2017JD027187. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1413961.
@article{osti_1413961,
title = {Using Long-term Satellite Observations to Identify Sensitive Regimes and Active Regions of Aerosol Indirect Effects for Liquid Clouds over Global Oceans},
author = {Zhao, Xuepeng and Liu, Yangang and Yu, Fangquan and Heidinger, Andrew K.},
abstractNote = {Long-term (1981-2011) satellite climate data records (CDRs) of clouds and aerosols are used to investigate the aerosol-cloud interaction of marine water cloud from a climatology perspective. Our focus is on identifying the regimes and regions where the aerosol indirect effect (AIE) are evident in long-term averages over the global oceans through analyzing the correlation features between aerosol loading and the key cloud variables including cloud droplet effective radius (CDER), cloud optical depth (COD), cloud water path (CWP), cloud top height (CTH), and cloud top temperature (CTT). An aerosol optical thickness (AOT) range of 0.13 < AOT < 0.3 is identified as the sensitive regime of the conventional first AIE where CDER is more susceptible to AOT than the other cloud variables. The first AIE that manifests as the change of long-term averaged CDER appears only in limited oceanic regions. The signature of aerosol invigoration of water clouds as revealed by the increase of cloud cover fraction (CCF) and CTH with increasing AOT at the middle/high latitudes of both hemispheres is identified for a pristine atmosphere (AOT < 0.08). Aerosol invigoration signature is also revealed by the concurrent increase of CDER, COD, and CWP with increasing AOT for a polluted marine atmosphere (AOT > 0.3) in the tropical convergence zones. The regions where the second AIE is likely to manifest in the CCF change are limited to several oceanic areas with high CCF of the warm water clouds near the western coasts of continents. The second AIE signature as represented by the reduction of the precipitation efficiency with increasing AOT is more likely to be observed in the AOT regime of 0.08 < AOT < 0.4. The corresponding AIE active regions manifested themselves as the decline of the precipitation efficiency are mainly limited to the oceanic areas downwind of continental aerosols. Furthermore, the sensitive regime of the conventional AIE identified in this observational study is likely associated with the transitional regime from the aerosol-limited regime to the updraft-limited regime identified for aerosol-cloud interaction in cloud model simulations.},
doi = {10.1002/2017JD027187},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres},
number = 1,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Predicting Simultaneous Nadir Overpasses among Polar-Orbiting Meteorological Satellites for the Intersatellite Calibration of Radiometers
journal, April 2004


Daytime Global Cloud Typing from AVHRR and VIIRS: Algorithm Description, Validation, and Comparisons
journal, June 2005

  • Pavolonis, Michael J.; Heidinger, Andrew K.; Uttal, Taneil
  • Journal of Applied Meteorology, Vol. 44, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAM2236.1

Reply to Comments on “Seasonal Variation of the Physical Properties of Marine Boundary Layer Clouds off the California Coast”
journal, June 2010

  • Lin, Wuyin; Zhang, Minghua; Loeb, Norman G.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 23, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1175/2010JCLI3483.1

Review: Cloud invigoration by aerosols—Coupling between microphysics and dynamics
journal, April 2014


Measurements of the relationship between submicron aerosol number and volume concentration
journal, March 1998

  • Hegg, D. A.; Kaufman, Y. J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 103, Issue D5
  • DOI: 10.1029/97JD03652

A study of the direct and indirect effects of aerosols using global satellite data sets of aerosol and cloud parameters
journal, November 2003

  • Sekiguchi, Miho; Nakajima, Teruyuki; Suzuki, Kentaroh
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 108, Issue D22
  • DOI: 10.1029/2002JD003359

Climate Forcing by Anthropogenic Aerosols
journal, January 1992


Indirect warming effect from dispersion forcing
journal, October 2002

  • Liu, Yangang; Daum, Peter H.
  • Nature, Vol. 419, Issue 6907
  • DOI: 10.1038/419580a

Flood or Drought: How Do Aerosols Affect Precipitation?
journal, September 2008


The effect of smoke, dust, and pollution aerosol on shallow cloud development over the Atlantic Ocean
journal, August 2005

  • Kaufman, Y. J.; Koren, I.; Remer, L. A.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 102, Issue 32
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0505191102

Aerosol Effect on Cloud Droplet Size Monitored from Satellite
journal, February 2002


Spectral dispersion of cloud droplet size distributions and the parameterization of cloud droplet effective radius
journal, July 2000

  • Liu, Yangang; Daum, Peter H.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 27, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1029/1999GL011011

Untangling aerosol effects on clouds and precipitation in a buffered system
journal, October 2009


Aerosols, Climate, and the Hydrological Cycle
journal, December 2001


The Pathfinder Atmospheres–Extended AVHRR Climate Dataset
journal, June 2014

  • Heidinger, Andrew K.; Foster, Michael J.; Walther, Andi
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 95, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00246.1

An analytical expression for predicting the critical radius in the autoconversion parameterization: EXPRESSION FOR CRITICAL RADIUS
journal, March 2004

  • Liu, Yangang; Daum, Peter H.; McGraw, Robert
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 31, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1029/2003GL019117

An assessment of the impact of pollution on global cloud albedo
journal, September 1984

  • Twomey, S. A.; Piepgrass, M.; Wolfe, T. L.
  • Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, Vol. 36, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.3402/tellusb.v36i5.14916

Regional evaluation of an advanced very high resolution radiometer (AVHRR) two-channel aerosol retrieval algorithm
journal, January 2004


Aerosol and cloud property relationships for summertime stratiform clouds in the northeastern Atlantic from Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer observations
journal, January 2005

  • Matheson, Mark A.; Coakley, James A.; Tahnk, William R.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 110, Issue D24
  • DOI: 10.1029/2005JD006165

Using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) to calibrate advanced very high resolution radiometer reflectance channels: USING MODIS TO CALIBRATE AVHRR REFLECTANCES
journal, December 2002

  • Heidinger, Andrew K.; Cao, Changyong; Sullivan, Jerry T.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 107, Issue D23
  • DOI: 10.1029/2001JD002035

Implementation of the Daytime Cloud Optical and Microphysical Properties Algorithm (DCOMP) in PATMOS-x
journal, July 2012

  • Walther, Andi; Heidinger, Andrew K.
  • Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Vol. 51, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAMC-D-11-0108.1

Deriving an inter-sensor consistent calibration for the AVHRR solar reflectance data record
journal, December 2010

  • Heidinger, Andrew K.; Straka, William C.; Molling, Christine C.
  • International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 31, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1080/01431161.2010.496472

Aerosols, Cloud Microphysics, and Fractional Cloudiness
journal, September 1989


New understanding and quantification of the regime dependence of aerosol-cloud interaction for studying aerosol indirect effects: Aerosol-Cloud Interaction Regimes
journal, February 2016

  • Chen, Jingyi; Liu, Yangang; Zhang, Minghua
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 43, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016GL067683

Pollution and clouds
journal, February 2001


Why is the satellite observed aerosol's indirect effect so variable?
journal, January 2005


Smoke Invigoration Versus Inhibition of Clouds over the Amazon
journal, August 2008


Generalized threshold function accounting for effect of relative dispersion on threshold behavior of autoconversion process
journal, January 2006

  • Liu, Yangang; Daum, Peter H.; McGraw, Robert
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 33, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1029/2005GL025500

From aerosol-limited to invigoration of warm convective clouds
journal, June 2014


Retrieving microphysical properties near the tops of potential rain clouds by multispectral analysis of AVHRR data
journal, June 1994


Effect of Ship-Stack Effluents on Cloud Reflectivity
journal, August 1987


Theoretical basis for convective invigoration due to increased aerosol concentration
journal, January 2011


Increase of cloud droplet size with aerosol optical depth: An observation and modeling study
journal, January 2008

  • Yuan, Tianle; Li, Zhanqing; Zhang, Renyi
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 113, Issue D4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007JD008632

Seasonal Variation of the Physical Properties of Marine Boundary Layer Clouds off the California Coast
journal, May 2009

  • Lin, Wuyin; Zhang, Minghua; Loeb, Norman G.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 22, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1175/2008JCLI2478.1

Satellite–Based Insights into Precipitation Formation Processes in Continental and Maritime Convective Clouds
journal, November 1998


Assessing the consistency of AVHRR and MODIS L1B reflectance for generating Fundamental Climate Data Records
journal, January 2008

  • Cao, Changyong; Xiong, Xiaoxiong; Wu, Aisheng
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 113, Issue D9
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007JD009363

Pollution and the planetary albedo
journal, December 1974


An observational study of the relationship between cloud, aerosol and meteorology in broken low-level cloud conditions
journal, January 2008

  • Loeb, Norman G.; Schuster, Gregory L.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 113, Issue D14
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007JD009763

Climatology Analysis of Aerosol Effect on Marine Water Cloud from Long-Term Satellite Climate Data Records
journal, April 2016

  • Zhao, Xuepeng; Heidinger, Andrew; Walther, Andi
  • Remote Sensing, Vol. 8, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.3390/rs8040300