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Title: Performance assessment of 700-bar compressed hydrogen storage for light duty fuel cell vehicles

In this study, type 4 700-bar compressed hydrogen storage tanks were modeled using ABAQUS. The finite element model was first calibrated against data for 35-L subscale test tanks to obtain the composite translation efficiency, and then applied to full sized tanks. Two variations of the baseline T700/epoxy composite were considered in which the epoxy was replaced with a low cost vinyl ester resin and low cost resin with an alternate sizing. The results showed that the reduction in composite weight was attributed primarily to the lower density of the resin and higher fiber volume fraction in the composite due to increased squeeze-out with the lower viscosity vinyl ester resin. The system gravimetric and volumetric capacities for the onboard storage system that holds 5.6 kg H 2 are 4.2 wt% (1.40 kWh/kg) and 24.4 g-H 2/L (0.81 kWh/L), respectively. The system capacities increase and carbon fiber requirement decreases if the in-tank amount of unrecoverable hydrogen is reduced by lowering the tank "empty" pressure. Models of an alternate tank design showed potential 4-7% saving in composite usage for tanks with a length-to-diameter (L/D) ratio of 2.8-3.0 but no saving for L/D of 1.7. Lastly, a boss with smaller opening and longer flangemore » does not appear to reduce the amount of helical windings.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 40; Journal ID: ISSN 0360-3199
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; 42 ENGINEERING; 700-bar compressed hydrogen; Carbon fiber usage; Finite element analysis; Hydrogen storage; Type 4 composite pressure vessels
OSTI Identifier:
1413754