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Title: Evaluating structure selection in the hydrothermal growth of FeS2 pyrite and marcasite

Abstract

While the ab initio prediction of the properties of solids and their optimization towards new proposed materials is becoming established, little predictive theory exists as to which metastable materials can be made and how, impeding their experimental realization. Here we propose a quasi-thermodynamic framework for predicting the hydrothermal synthetic accessibility of metastable materials and apply this model to understanding the phase selection between the pyrite and marcasite polymorphs of FeS2. We demonstrate that phase selection in this system can be explained by the surface stability of the two phases as a function of ambient pH within nano-size regimes relevant to nucleation. This result suggests that a first-principles understanding of nano-size phase stability in realistic synthesis environments can serve to explain or predict the synthetic accessibility of structural polymorphs, providing a guideline to experimental synthesis via efficient computational materials design.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1413713
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Kitchaev, Daniil A., and Ceder, Gerbrand. Evaluating structure selection in the hydrothermal growth of FeS2 pyrite and marcasite. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1038/ncomms13799.
Kitchaev, Daniil A., & Ceder, Gerbrand. Evaluating structure selection in the hydrothermal growth of FeS2 pyrite and marcasite. United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms13799.
Kitchaev, Daniil A., and Ceder, Gerbrand. Wed . "Evaluating structure selection in the hydrothermal growth of FeS2 pyrite and marcasite". United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms13799. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1413713.
@article{osti_1413713,
title = {Evaluating structure selection in the hydrothermal growth of FeS2 pyrite and marcasite},
author = {Kitchaev, Daniil A. and Ceder, Gerbrand},
abstractNote = {While the ab initio prediction of the properties of solids and their optimization towards new proposed materials is becoming established, little predictive theory exists as to which metastable materials can be made and how, impeding their experimental realization. Here we propose a quasi-thermodynamic framework for predicting the hydrothermal synthetic accessibility of metastable materials and apply this model to understanding the phase selection between the pyrite and marcasite polymorphs of FeS2. We demonstrate that phase selection in this system can be explained by the surface stability of the two phases as a function of ambient pH within nano-size regimes relevant to nucleation. This result suggests that a first-principles understanding of nano-size phase stability in realistic synthesis environments can serve to explain or predict the synthetic accessibility of structural polymorphs, providing a guideline to experimental synthesis via efficient computational materials design.},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms13799},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = ,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {12}
}

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