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Title: A Real-Time Greedy-Index Dispatching Policy for using PEVs to Provide Frequency Regulation Service

This article presents a real-time greedy-index dispatching policy (GIDP) for using plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) to provide frequency regulation services. A new service cost allocation mechanism is proposed to award PEVs based on the amount of service they provided, while considering compensations for delayed-charging and reduction of battery lifetime due to participation of the service. The GIDP transforms the optimal dispatch problem from a high-dimensional space into a one-dimensional space while preserving the solution optimality. When solving the transformed problem in real-time, the global optimality of the GIDP solution can be guaranteed by mathematically proved “indexability”. Because the GIDP index can be calculated upon the PEV’s arrival and used for the entire decision making process till its departure, the computational burden is minimized and the complexity of the aggregator dispatch process is significantly reduced. Finally, simulation results are used to evaluate the proposed GIDP, and to demonstrate the potential profitability from providing frequency regulation service by using PEVs.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  2. North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-119165
Journal ID: ISSN 1949-3053
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid; Journal ID: ISSN 1949-3053
Publisher:
IEEE
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; Batteries; State of charge; Frequency control; Real-time systems; Indexes; Optimization, Dispatching; Energy management systems; demand response; demand side management; economic dispatching; frequency regulation; electric vehicle; pricing schemes; regulation service; smart grid
OSTI Identifier:
1413452

Ke, Xinda, Wu, Di, and Lu, Ning. A Real-Time Greedy-Index Dispatching Policy for using PEVs to Provide Frequency Regulation Service. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1109/tsg.2017.2754241.
Ke, Xinda, Wu, Di, & Lu, Ning. A Real-Time Greedy-Index Dispatching Policy for using PEVs to Provide Frequency Regulation Service. United States. doi:10.1109/tsg.2017.2754241.
Ke, Xinda, Wu, Di, and Lu, Ning. 2017. "A Real-Time Greedy-Index Dispatching Policy for using PEVs to Provide Frequency Regulation Service". United States. doi:10.1109/tsg.2017.2754241. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1413452.
@article{osti_1413452,
title = {A Real-Time Greedy-Index Dispatching Policy for using PEVs to Provide Frequency Regulation Service},
author = {Ke, Xinda and Wu, Di and Lu, Ning},
abstractNote = {This article presents a real-time greedy-index dispatching policy (GIDP) for using plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) to provide frequency regulation services. A new service cost allocation mechanism is proposed to award PEVs based on the amount of service they provided, while considering compensations for delayed-charging and reduction of battery lifetime due to participation of the service. The GIDP transforms the optimal dispatch problem from a high-dimensional space into a one-dimensional space while preserving the solution optimality. When solving the transformed problem in real-time, the global optimality of the GIDP solution can be guaranteed by mathematically proved “indexability”. Because the GIDP index can be calculated upon the PEV’s arrival and used for the entire decision making process till its departure, the computational burden is minimized and the complexity of the aggregator dispatch process is significantly reduced. Finally, simulation results are used to evaluate the proposed GIDP, and to demonstrate the potential profitability from providing frequency regulation service by using PEVs.},
doi = {10.1109/tsg.2017.2754241},
journal = {IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}