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Title: Low energy analysis techniques for CUORE

CUORE is a tonne-scale cryogenic detector operating at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS) that uses tellurium dioxide bolometers to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of 130Te. CUORE is also suitable to search for low energy rare events such as solar axions or WIMP scattering, thanks to its ultra-low background and large target mass. However, to conduct such sensitive searches requires improving the energy threshold to 10 keV. Here in this article, we describe the analysis techniques developed for the low energy analysis of CUORE-like detectors, using the data acquired from November 2013 to March 2015 by CUORE-0, a single-tower prototype designed to validate the assembly procedure and new cleaning techniques of CUORE. We explain the energy threshold optimization, continuous monitoring of the trigger efficiency, data and event selection, and energy calibration at low energies in detail. We also present the low energy background spectrum of CUORE-0 below 60keV. Finally, we report the sensitivity of CUORE to WIMP annual modulation using the CUORE-0 energy threshold and background, as well as an estimate of the uncertainty on the nuclear quenching factor from nuclear recoils inCUORE-0.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-738125
Journal ID: ISSN 1434-6044; ark:/13030/qt5d15261n; TRN: US1801350
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231; FG02-08ER41551; FG03-00ER41138; NSFPHY- 0605119; NSF-PHY-0500337; NSF-PHY-0855314; NSF-PHY- 0902171; NSF-PHY-0969852; NSF-PHY-1307204; NSF-PHY-1404205; AC52-07NA27344; SC0012654
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 77; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 1434-6044
Publisher:
Springer
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26); National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Contributing Orgs:
The CUORE Collaboration
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; cryogenic detector; Physics, Nuclear science and engineering, Physics - Nuclear physics and radiation physics, Physics - Physics of elementary particles and fields
OSTI Identifier:
1412951
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1419459; OSTI ID: 1466919

Alduino, C., Alfonso, K., Artusa, D. R., Avignone, F. T., Azzolini, O., Bari, G., Beeman, J. W., Bellini, F., Benato, G., Bersani, A., Biassoni, M., Branca, A., Brofferio, C., Bucci, C., Camacho, A., Caminata, A., Canonica, L., Cao, X. G., Capelli, S., Cappelli, L., Cardani, L., Carniti, P., Casali, N., Cassina, L., Chiesa, D., Chott, N., Clemenza, M., Copello, S., Cosmelli, C., Cremonesi, O., Creswick, R. J., Cushman, J. S., D’Addabbo, A., D’Aguanno, D., Dafinei, I., Davis, C. J., Dell’Oro, S., Deninno, M. M., Di Domizio, S., Di Vacri, M. L., Drobizhev, A., Fang, D. Q., Faverzani, M., Ferri, E., Ferroni, F., Fiorini, E., Franceschi, M. A., Freedman, S. J., Fujikawa, B. K., Giachero, A., Gironi, L., Giuliani, A., Gladstone, L., Gorla, P., Gotti, C., Gutierrez, T. D., Haller, E. E., Han, K., Hansen, E., Heeger, K. M., Hennings-Yeomans, R., Huang, H. Z., Kadel, R., Keppel, G., Kolomensky, Yu. G., Leder, A., Ligi, C., Lim, K. E., Ma, Y. G., Maino, M., Marini, L., Martinez, M., Maruyama, R. H., Mei, Y., Moggi, N., Morganti, S., Mosteiro, P. J., Napolitano, T., Nastasi, M., Nones, C., Norman, E. B., Novati, V., Nucciotti, A., O’Donnell, T., Ouellet, J. L., Pagliarone, C. E., Pallavicini, M., Palmieri, V., Pattavina, L., Pavan, M., Pessina, G., Piperno, G., Pira, C., Pirro, S., Pozzi, S., Previtali, E., Rosenfeld, C., Rusconi, C., Sakai, M., Sangiorgio, S., Santone, D., Schmidt, B., Schmidt, J., Scielzo, N. D., Singh, V., Sisti, M., Smith, A. R., Taffarello, L., Terranova, F., Tomei, C., Vignati, M., Wagaarachchi, S. L., Wang, B. S., Wang, H. W., Welliver, B., Wilson, J., Winslow, L. A., Wise, T., Woodcraft, A., Zanotti, L., Zhang, G. Q., Zimmermann, S., and Zucchelli, S.. Low energy analysis techniques for CUORE. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-017-5433-1.
Alduino, C., Alfonso, K., Artusa, D. R., Avignone, F. T., Azzolini, O., Bari, G., Beeman, J. W., Bellini, F., Benato, G., Bersani, A., Biassoni, M., Branca, A., Brofferio, C., Bucci, C., Camacho, A., Caminata, A., Canonica, L., Cao, X. G., Capelli, S., Cappelli, L., Cardani, L., Carniti, P., Casali, N., Cassina, L., Chiesa, D., Chott, N., Clemenza, M., Copello, S., Cosmelli, C., Cremonesi, O., Creswick, R. J., Cushman, J. S., D’Addabbo, A., D’Aguanno, D., Dafinei, I., Davis, C. J., Dell’Oro, S., Deninno, M. M., Di Domizio, S., Di Vacri, M. L., Drobizhev, A., Fang, D. Q., Faverzani, M., Ferri, E., Ferroni, F., Fiorini, E., Franceschi, M. A., Freedman, S. J., Fujikawa, B. K., Giachero, A., Gironi, L., Giuliani, A., Gladstone, L., Gorla, P., Gotti, C., Gutierrez, T. D., Haller, E. E., Han, K., Hansen, E., Heeger, K. M., Hennings-Yeomans, R., Huang, H. Z., Kadel, R., Keppel, G., Kolomensky, Yu. G., Leder, A., Ligi, C., Lim, K. E., Ma, Y. G., Maino, M., Marini, L., Martinez, M., Maruyama, R. H., Mei, Y., Moggi, N., Morganti, S., Mosteiro, P. J., Napolitano, T., Nastasi, M., Nones, C., Norman, E. B., Novati, V., Nucciotti, A., O’Donnell, T., Ouellet, J. L., Pagliarone, C. E., Pallavicini, M., Palmieri, V., Pattavina, L., Pavan, M., Pessina, G., Piperno, G., Pira, C., Pirro, S., Pozzi, S., Previtali, E., Rosenfeld, C., Rusconi, C., Sakai, M., Sangiorgio, S., Santone, D., Schmidt, B., Schmidt, J., Scielzo, N. D., Singh, V., Sisti, M., Smith, A. R., Taffarello, L., Terranova, F., Tomei, C., Vignati, M., Wagaarachchi, S. L., Wang, B. S., Wang, H. W., Welliver, B., Wilson, J., Winslow, L. A., Wise, T., Woodcraft, A., Zanotti, L., Zhang, G. Q., Zimmermann, S., & Zucchelli, S.. Low energy analysis techniques for CUORE. United States. doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-017-5433-1.
Alduino, C., Alfonso, K., Artusa, D. R., Avignone, F. T., Azzolini, O., Bari, G., Beeman, J. W., Bellini, F., Benato, G., Bersani, A., Biassoni, M., Branca, A., Brofferio, C., Bucci, C., Camacho, A., Caminata, A., Canonica, L., Cao, X. G., Capelli, S., Cappelli, L., Cardani, L., Carniti, P., Casali, N., Cassina, L., Chiesa, D., Chott, N., Clemenza, M., Copello, S., Cosmelli, C., Cremonesi, O., Creswick, R. J., Cushman, J. S., D’Addabbo, A., D’Aguanno, D., Dafinei, I., Davis, C. J., Dell’Oro, S., Deninno, M. M., Di Domizio, S., Di Vacri, M. L., Drobizhev, A., Fang, D. Q., Faverzani, M., Ferri, E., Ferroni, F., Fiorini, E., Franceschi, M. A., Freedman, S. J., Fujikawa, B. K., Giachero, A., Gironi, L., Giuliani, A., Gladstone, L., Gorla, P., Gotti, C., Gutierrez, T. D., Haller, E. E., Han, K., Hansen, E., Heeger, K. M., Hennings-Yeomans, R., Huang, H. Z., Kadel, R., Keppel, G., Kolomensky, Yu. G., Leder, A., Ligi, C., Lim, K. E., Ma, Y. G., Maino, M., Marini, L., Martinez, M., Maruyama, R. H., Mei, Y., Moggi, N., Morganti, S., Mosteiro, P. J., Napolitano, T., Nastasi, M., Nones, C., Norman, E. B., Novati, V., Nucciotti, A., O’Donnell, T., Ouellet, J. L., Pagliarone, C. E., Pallavicini, M., Palmieri, V., Pattavina, L., Pavan, M., Pessina, G., Piperno, G., Pira, C., Pirro, S., Pozzi, S., Previtali, E., Rosenfeld, C., Rusconi, C., Sakai, M., Sangiorgio, S., Santone, D., Schmidt, B., Schmidt, J., Scielzo, N. D., Singh, V., Sisti, M., Smith, A. R., Taffarello, L., Terranova, F., Tomei, C., Vignati, M., Wagaarachchi, S. L., Wang, B. S., Wang, H. W., Welliver, B., Wilson, J., Winslow, L. A., Wise, T., Woodcraft, A., Zanotti, L., Zhang, G. Q., Zimmermann, S., and Zucchelli, S.. 2017. "Low energy analysis techniques for CUORE". United States. doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-017-5433-1.
@article{osti_1412951,
title = {Low energy analysis techniques for CUORE},
author = {Alduino, C. and Alfonso, K. and Artusa, D. R. and Avignone, F. T. and Azzolini, O. and Bari, G. and Beeman, J. W. and Bellini, F. and Benato, G. and Bersani, A. and Biassoni, M. and Branca, A. and Brofferio, C. and Bucci, C. and Camacho, A. and Caminata, A. and Canonica, L. and Cao, X. G. and Capelli, S. and Cappelli, L. and Cardani, L. and Carniti, P. and Casali, N. and Cassina, L. and Chiesa, D. and Chott, N. and Clemenza, M. and Copello, S. and Cosmelli, C. and Cremonesi, O. and Creswick, R. J. and Cushman, J. S. and D’Addabbo, A. and D’Aguanno, D. and Dafinei, I. and Davis, C. J. and Dell’Oro, S. and Deninno, M. M. and Di Domizio, S. and Di Vacri, M. L. and Drobizhev, A. and Fang, D. Q. and Faverzani, M. and Ferri, E. and Ferroni, F. and Fiorini, E. and Franceschi, M. A. and Freedman, S. J. and Fujikawa, B. K. and Giachero, A. and Gironi, L. and Giuliani, A. and Gladstone, L. and Gorla, P. and Gotti, C. and Gutierrez, T. D. and Haller, E. E. and Han, K. and Hansen, E. and Heeger, K. M. and Hennings-Yeomans, R. and Huang, H. Z. and Kadel, R. and Keppel, G. and Kolomensky, Yu. G. and Leder, A. and Ligi, C. and Lim, K. E. and Ma, Y. G. and Maino, M. and Marini, L. and Martinez, M. and Maruyama, R. H. and Mei, Y. and Moggi, N. and Morganti, S. and Mosteiro, P. J. and Napolitano, T. and Nastasi, M. and Nones, C. and Norman, E. B. and Novati, V. and Nucciotti, A. and O’Donnell, T. and Ouellet, J. L. and Pagliarone, C. E. and Pallavicini, M. and Palmieri, V. and Pattavina, L. and Pavan, M. and Pessina, G. and Piperno, G. and Pira, C. and Pirro, S. and Pozzi, S. and Previtali, E. and Rosenfeld, C. and Rusconi, C. and Sakai, M. and Sangiorgio, S. and Santone, D. and Schmidt, B. and Schmidt, J. and Scielzo, N. D. and Singh, V. and Sisti, M. and Smith, A. R. and Taffarello, L. and Terranova, F. and Tomei, C. and Vignati, M. and Wagaarachchi, S. L. and Wang, B. S. and Wang, H. W. and Welliver, B. and Wilson, J. and Winslow, L. A. and Wise, T. and Woodcraft, A. and Zanotti, L. and Zhang, G. Q. and Zimmermann, S. and Zucchelli, S.},
abstractNote = {CUORE is a tonne-scale cryogenic detector operating at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS) that uses tellurium dioxide bolometers to search for neutrinoless double-beta decay of 130Te. CUORE is also suitable to search for low energy rare events such as solar axions or WIMP scattering, thanks to its ultra-low background and large target mass. However, to conduct such sensitive searches requires improving the energy threshold to 10 keV. Here in this article, we describe the analysis techniques developed for the low energy analysis of CUORE-like detectors, using the data acquired from November 2013 to March 2015 by CUORE-0, a single-tower prototype designed to validate the assembly procedure and new cleaning techniques of CUORE. We explain the energy threshold optimization, continuous monitoring of the trigger efficiency, data and event selection, and energy calibration at low energies in detail. We also present the low energy background spectrum of CUORE-0 below 60keV. Finally, we report the sensitivity of CUORE to WIMP annual modulation using the CUORE-0 energy threshold and background, as well as an estimate of the uncertainty on the nuclear quenching factor from nuclear recoils inCUORE-0.},
doi = {10.1140/epjc/s10052-017-5433-1},
journal = {European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields},
number = 12,
volume = 77,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}