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Title: Optical gain in colloidal quantum dots achieved with direct-current electrical pumping

Chemically synthesized semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) can potentially enable solution-processable laser diodes with a wide range of operational wavelengths, yet demonstrations of lasing from the QDs are still at the laboratory stage. An important challenge—realization of lasing with electrical injection—remains unresolved, largely due to fast nonradiative Auger recombination of multicarrier states that represent gain-active species in the QDs. Here in this paper, we present population inversion and optical gain in colloidal nanocrystals realized with direct-current electrical pumping. Using continuously graded QDs, we achieve a considerable suppression of Auger decay such that it can be outpaced by electrical injection. Further, we apply a special current-focusing device architecture, which allows us to produce high current densities (j) up to ~18 A cm -2 without damaging either the QDs or the injection layers. The quantitative analysis of electroluminescence and current-modulated transmission spectra indicates that with j = 3-4 A cm -2 we achieve the population inversion of the band-edge states.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Centre for High Technology Materials
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-20393
Journal ID: ISSN 1476-1122; TRN: US1800399
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 17; Journal ID: ISSN 1476-1122
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; quantum dot, population inversion, laser, electrical pumping
OSTI Identifier:
1412893

Lim, Jaehoon, Park, Young-Shin, and Klimov, Victor Ivanovich. Optical gain in colloidal quantum dots achieved with direct-current electrical pumping. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1038/nmat5011.
Lim, Jaehoon, Park, Young-Shin, & Klimov, Victor Ivanovich. Optical gain in colloidal quantum dots achieved with direct-current electrical pumping. United States. doi:10.1038/nmat5011.
Lim, Jaehoon, Park, Young-Shin, and Klimov, Victor Ivanovich. 2017. "Optical gain in colloidal quantum dots achieved with direct-current electrical pumping". United States. doi:10.1038/nmat5011. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1412893.
@article{osti_1412893,
title = {Optical gain in colloidal quantum dots achieved with direct-current electrical pumping},
author = {Lim, Jaehoon and Park, Young-Shin and Klimov, Victor Ivanovich},
abstractNote = {Chemically synthesized semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) can potentially enable solution-processable laser diodes with a wide range of operational wavelengths, yet demonstrations of lasing from the QDs are still at the laboratory stage. An important challenge—realization of lasing with electrical injection—remains unresolved, largely due to fast nonradiative Auger recombination of multicarrier states that represent gain-active species in the QDs. Here in this paper, we present population inversion and optical gain in colloidal nanocrystals realized with direct-current electrical pumping. Using continuously graded QDs, we achieve a considerable suppression of Auger decay such that it can be outpaced by electrical injection. Further, we apply a special current-focusing device architecture, which allows us to produce high current densities (j) up to ~18 A cm-2 without damaging either the QDs or the injection layers. The quantitative analysis of electroluminescence and current-modulated transmission spectra indicates that with j = 3-4 A cm-2 we achieve the population inversion of the band-edge states.},
doi = {10.1038/nmat5011},
journal = {Nature Materials},
number = ,
volume = 17,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Optical Gain and Stimulated Emission in Nanocrystal Quantum Dots
journal, October 2000

Universal Size-Dependent Trend in Auger Recombination in Direct-Gap and Indirect-Gap Semiconductor Nanocrystals
journal, May 2009
  • Robel, Istv�n; Gresback, Ryan; Kortshagen, Uwe
  • Physical Review Letters, Vol. 102, Issue 17, Article No. 177404
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.177404