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Title: Large differences in regional precipitation change between a first and second 2 K of global warming

For adaptation and mitigation planning, stakeholders need reliable information about regional precipitation changes under different emissions scenarios and for different time periods. A significant amount of current planning effort assumes that each K of global warming produces roughly the same regional climate change. By using 25 climate models, we compare precipitation responses with three 2 K intervals of global ensemble mean warming: a fast and a slower route to a first 2 K above pre-industrial levels, and the end-of-century difference between high-emission and mitigation scenarios. Here, we show that, although the two routes to a first 2 K give very similar precipitation changes, a second 2 K produces quite a different response. In particular, the balance of physical mechanisms responsible for climate model uncertainty is different for a first and a second 2 K of warming. Our results are consistent with a significant influence from nonlinear physical mechanisms, but aerosol and land-use effects may be important regionally.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Met Office Hadley Cenre, Exeter (United Kingdom)
  2. Univ. of Reading (United Kingdom). NCAS-Climate
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-27602
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC). Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Earth Sciences; climate and earth system modelling; projection and prediction
OSTI Identifier:
1412863

Good, Peter, Booth, Ben B. B., Chadwick, Robin, Hawkins, Ed, Jonko, Alexandra, and Lowe, Jason A.. Large differences in regional precipitation change between a first and second 2 K of global warming. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1038/ncomms13667.
Good, Peter, Booth, Ben B. B., Chadwick, Robin, Hawkins, Ed, Jonko, Alexandra, & Lowe, Jason A.. Large differences in regional precipitation change between a first and second 2 K of global warming. United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms13667.
Good, Peter, Booth, Ben B. B., Chadwick, Robin, Hawkins, Ed, Jonko, Alexandra, and Lowe, Jason A.. 2016. "Large differences in regional precipitation change between a first and second 2 K of global warming". United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms13667. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1412863.
@article{osti_1412863,
title = {Large differences in regional precipitation change between a first and second 2 K of global warming},
author = {Good, Peter and Booth, Ben B. B. and Chadwick, Robin and Hawkins, Ed and Jonko, Alexandra and Lowe, Jason A.},
abstractNote = {For adaptation and mitigation planning, stakeholders need reliable information about regional precipitation changes under different emissions scenarios and for different time periods. A significant amount of current planning effort assumes that each K of global warming produces roughly the same regional climate change. By using 25 climate models, we compare precipitation responses with three 2 K intervals of global ensemble mean warming: a fast and a slower route to a first 2 K above pre-industrial levels, and the end-of-century difference between high-emission and mitigation scenarios. Here, we show that, although the two routes to a first 2 K give very similar precipitation changes, a second 2 K produces quite a different response. In particular, the balance of physical mechanisms responsible for climate model uncertainty is different for a first and a second 2 K of warming. Our results are consistent with a significant influence from nonlinear physical mechanisms, but aerosol and land-use effects may be important regionally.},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms13667},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = ,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {12}
}