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Title: Mitigated FPGA design of multi-gigabit transceivers for application in high radiation environments of High Energy Physics experiments

SRAM-ba8ed Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) logic devices arc very attractive in applications where high data throughput is needed, such as the latest generation of High Energy Physics (HEP) experiments. FPGAs have been rarely used in such experiments because of their sensitivity to radiation. The present paper proposes a mitigation approach applied to commercial FPGA devices to meet the reliability requirements for the front-end electronics of the Liquid Argon (LAr) electromagnetic calorimeter of the ATLAS experiment, located at CERN. Particular attention will be devoted to define a proper mitigation scheme of the multi-gigabit transceivers embedded in the FPGA, which is a critical part of the LAr data acquisition chain. A demonstrator board is being developed to validate the proposed methodology. :!\litigation techniques such as Triple Modular Redundancy (T:t\IR) and scrubbing will be used to increase the robustness of the design and to maximize the fault tolerance from Single-Event Upsets (SEUs).
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [3] ;  [2]
  1. Univ. degli Studi di Milano (Italy)
  2. Brigham Young Univ., Provo, UT (United States)
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  4. Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Milano (Italy)
  5. Univ. degli Studi di Milano (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Milano (Italy)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0263-2241; TRN: US1800342
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 108; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0263-2241
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Measurement; Instrumentation; Reliability; High Energy Physics; FPGA; Scrubbing
OSTI Identifier: