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Title: Two-component flux explanation for the high energy neutrino events at IceCube

In understanding the spectral and flavor composition of the astrophysical neutrino flux responsible for the recently observed ultrahigh-energy events at IceCube we see how important both astrophysics and particle physics are. Here, we perform a statistical likelihood analysis to the three-year IceCube data and derive the allowed range of the spectral index and flux normalization for various well-motivated physical flavor compositions at the source. While most of the existing analyses so far assume the flavor composition of the neutrinos at an astrophysical source to be (1:2:0), it seems rather unnatural to assume only one type of source, once we recognize the possibility of at least two physical sources. Bearing this in mind, we entertain the possibility of a two-component source for the analysis of IceCube data. It appears that our two-component hypothesis explains some key features of the data better than a single-component scenario; i.e. it addresses the apparent energy gap between 400 TeV and about 1 PeV and easily accommodates the observed track-to-shower ratio. Given the extreme importance of the flavor composition for the correct interpretation of the underlying astrophysical processes as well as for the ramification for particle physics, this two-component flux should be tested as more datamore » is accumulated.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Dept. of Physics
  2. Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom). Consortium for Fundamental Physics
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
BNL-113788-2017-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 1550-7998; PRVDAQ; KA2401012
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012704; AC02-98CH10886
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. D, Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 92; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 1550-7998
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; flux; neutrino; IceCube; HE
OSTI Identifier:
1412635
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1222515