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Title: Characterization of photocatalytic TiO 2 powder under varied environments using near ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Abstract

Consecutive eight study phases under the successive presence and absence of UV irradiation, water vapor, and oxygen were conducted to characterize surface changes in the photocatalytic TiO2 powder using near-ambient-pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Both Ti 2p and O 1s spectra show hysteresis through the experimental course. Under all the study environments, the bridging hydroxyl (OH br) and terminal hydroxyl (OH t) are identified at 1.1–1.3 eV and 2.1–2.3 eV above lattice oxygen, respectively. This enables novel and complementary approach to characterize reactivity of TiO 2 powder. The dynamic behavior of surface-bound water molecules under each study environment is identified, while maintaining a constant distance of 1.3 eV from the position of water vapor. In the dark, the continual supply of both water vapor and oxygen is the key factor retaining the activated state of the TiO 2 powder for a time period. Two new surface peaks at 1.7–1.8 and 4.0–4.2 eV above lattice oxygen are designated as peroxides (OOH/H 2O 2) and H 2O 2 dissolved in water, respectively. The persistent peroxides on the powder further explain previously observed prolonged oxidation capability of TiO 2 powder without light irradiation.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Research Foundation (NRF) (Singapore)
OSTI Identifier:
1411654
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; photocatalysis; surface spectroscopy

Citation Formats

Krishnan, Padmaja, Liu, Minghui, Itty, Pierre A., Liu, Zhi, Rheinheimer, Vanessa, Zhang, Min-Hong, Monteiro, Paulo J. M., and Yu, Liya E. Characterization of photocatalytic TiO2 powder under varied environments using near ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1038/srep43298.
Krishnan, Padmaja, Liu, Minghui, Itty, Pierre A., Liu, Zhi, Rheinheimer, Vanessa, Zhang, Min-Hong, Monteiro, Paulo J. M., & Yu, Liya E. Characterization of photocatalytic TiO2 powder under varied environments using near ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. United States. doi:10.1038/srep43298.
Krishnan, Padmaja, Liu, Minghui, Itty, Pierre A., Liu, Zhi, Rheinheimer, Vanessa, Zhang, Min-Hong, Monteiro, Paulo J. M., and Yu, Liya E. Mon . "Characterization of photocatalytic TiO2 powder under varied environments using near ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy". United States. doi:10.1038/srep43298. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1411654.
@article{osti_1411654,
title = {Characterization of photocatalytic TiO2 powder under varied environments using near ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy},
author = {Krishnan, Padmaja and Liu, Minghui and Itty, Pierre A. and Liu, Zhi and Rheinheimer, Vanessa and Zhang, Min-Hong and Monteiro, Paulo J. M. and Yu, Liya E.},
abstractNote = {Consecutive eight study phases under the successive presence and absence of UV irradiation, water vapor, and oxygen were conducted to characterize surface changes in the photocatalytic TiO2 powder using near-ambient-pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Both Ti 2p and O 1s spectra show hysteresis through the experimental course. Under all the study environments, the bridging hydroxyl (OHbr) and terminal hydroxyl (OHt) are identified at 1.1–1.3 eV and 2.1–2.3 eV above lattice oxygen, respectively. This enables novel and complementary approach to characterize reactivity of TiO2 powder. The dynamic behavior of surface-bound water molecules under each study environment is identified, while maintaining a constant distance of 1.3 eV from the position of water vapor. In the dark, the continual supply of both water vapor and oxygen is the key factor retaining the activated state of the TiO2 powder for a time period. Two new surface peaks at 1.7–1.8 and 4.0–4.2 eV above lattice oxygen are designated as peroxides (OOH/H2O2) and H2O2 dissolved in water, respectively. The persistent peroxides on the powder further explain previously observed prolonged oxidation capability of TiO2 powder without light irradiation.},
doi = {10.1038/srep43298},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = ,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {2}
}

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