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Title: In Situ Neutron Diffraction Study of the Influence of Microstructure on the Mechanical Response of Additively Manufactured 304L Stainless Steel

In situ neutron diffraction measurements were completed for this study during tensile and compressive deformation of stainless steel 304L additively manufactured (AM) using a high power directed energy deposition process. Traditionally produced wrought 304L material was also studied for comparison. The AM material exhibited roughly 200 MPa higher flow stress relative to the wrought material. Crystallite size, crystallographic texture, dislocation density, and lattice strains were all characterized to understand the differences in the macroscopic mechanical behavior. The AM material’s initial dislocation density was about 10 times that of the wrought material, and the flow strength of both materials obeyed the Taylor equation, indicating that the AM material’s increased yield strength was primarily due to greater dislocation density. Finally, a ~50 MPa flow strength tension/compression asymmetry was observed in the AM material, and several potential causes were examined.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  3. Canadian Nuclear Laboratories, Chalk River (Canada)
  4. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)
  5. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SAND-2017-2935J; LA-UR-17-22138
Journal ID: ISSN 1073-5623; PII: 4330; TRN: US1800256
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000; AC52-06NA25396
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Metallurgical and Materials Transactions. A, Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 48; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 1073-5623
ASM International
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 42 ENGINEERING; additive manufacture, Neutron diffraction
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1429998