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Title: Inter-plume aerodynamics for gasoline spray collapse

The collapse or merging of individual plumes of direct-injection gasoline injectors is of fundamental importance to engine performance because of its impact on fuel–air mixing. But, the mechanisms of spray collapse are not fully understood and are difficult to predict. The purpose of this work is to study the aerodynamics in the inter-spray region, which can potentially lead to plume collapse. High-speed (100 kHz) particle image velocimetry is applied along a plane between plumes to observe the full temporal evolution of plume interaction and potential collapse, resolved for individual injection events. Supporting information along a line of sight is obtained using simultaneous diffused back illumination and Mie-scatter techniques. Experiments are performed under simulated engine conditions using a symmetric eight-hole injector in a high-temperature, high-pressure vessel at the “Spray G” operating conditions of the engine combustion network. Indicators of plume interaction and collapse include changes in counter-flow recirculation of ambient gas toward the injector along the axis of the injector or in the inter-plume region between plumes. Furthermore, the effect of ambient temperature and gas density on the inter-plume aerodynamics and the subsequent plume collapse are assessed. Increasing ambient temperature or density, with enhanced vaporization and momentum exchange, accelerates the plumemore » interaction. Plume direction progressively shifts toward the injector axis with time, demonstrating that the plume interaction and collapse are inherently transient.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd Univ., Dhahran (Saudi Arabia). Mechanical Engineering Dept.
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States). Engine Combustion
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1468-0874; 654498
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Engine Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: International Journal of Engine Research; Journal ID: ISSN 1468-0874
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
42 ENGINEERING; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; multi-plume spray; spray collapse; gasoline spray; high-speed particle image velocimetry; diffused-back-illumination; Mie-scatter
OSTI Identifier: