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Title: Angle-Multiplexed Metasurfaces: Encoding Independent Wavefronts in a Single Metasurface under Different Illumination Angles

Abstract

The angular response of thin diffractive optical elements is highly correlated. For example, the angles of incidence and diffraction of a grating are locked through the grating momentum determined by the grating period. Other diffractive devices, including conventional metasurfaces, have a similar angular behavior due to the fixed locations of the Fresnel zone boundaries and the weak angular sensitivity of the meta-atoms. To alter this fundamental property, we introduce angle-multiplexed metasurfaces, composed of reflective high-contrast dielectric U-shaped meta-atoms, whose response under illumination from different angles can be controlled independently. Furthermore this enables flat optical devices that impose different and independent optical transformations when illuminated from different directions, a capability not previously available in diffractive optics.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1411491
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1499004
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0001293
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review X
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review X Journal Volume: 7 Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2160-3308
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Kamali, Seyedeh Mahsa, Arbabi, Ehsan, Arbabi, Amir, Horie, Yu, Faraji-Dana, MohammadSadegh, and Faraon, Andrei. Angle-Multiplexed Metasurfaces: Encoding Independent Wavefronts in a Single Metasurface under Different Illumination Angles. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.7.041056.
Kamali, Seyedeh Mahsa, Arbabi, Ehsan, Arbabi, Amir, Horie, Yu, Faraji-Dana, MohammadSadegh, & Faraon, Andrei. Angle-Multiplexed Metasurfaces: Encoding Independent Wavefronts in a Single Metasurface under Different Illumination Angles. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.7.041056.
Kamali, Seyedeh Mahsa, Arbabi, Ehsan, Arbabi, Amir, Horie, Yu, Faraji-Dana, MohammadSadegh, and Faraon, Andrei. Wed . "Angle-Multiplexed Metasurfaces: Encoding Independent Wavefronts in a Single Metasurface under Different Illumination Angles". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.7.041056.
@article{osti_1411491,
title = {Angle-Multiplexed Metasurfaces: Encoding Independent Wavefronts in a Single Metasurface under Different Illumination Angles},
author = {Kamali, Seyedeh Mahsa and Arbabi, Ehsan and Arbabi, Amir and Horie, Yu and Faraji-Dana, MohammadSadegh and Faraon, Andrei},
abstractNote = {The angular response of thin diffractive optical elements is highly correlated. For example, the angles of incidence and diffraction of a grating are locked through the grating momentum determined by the grating period. Other diffractive devices, including conventional metasurfaces, have a similar angular behavior due to the fixed locations of the Fresnel zone boundaries and the weak angular sensitivity of the meta-atoms. To alter this fundamental property, we introduce angle-multiplexed metasurfaces, composed of reflective high-contrast dielectric U-shaped meta-atoms, whose response under illumination from different angles can be controlled independently. Furthermore this enables flat optical devices that impose different and independent optical transformations when illuminated from different directions, a capability not previously available in diffractive optics.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevX.7.041056},
journal = {Physical Review X},
number = 4,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.7.041056

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 28 works
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Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Angle-multiplexed metasurface concept. (a) Schematic illustration of diffraction of light by a grating. A grating adds a fixed linear momentum (ℏkg) to the incident light, independent of the illumination angle. If the illumination angle deviates from the designated incident angle, light is deflected to a different angle, whichmore » is dictated by the grating period. (b) Illustration of the anglemultiplexed metasurface platform. This platform provides different responses according to the illumination angle. For instance, two gratings with different deflection angles (different grating momenta) can be multiplexed such that different illumination angles acquire different momenta. (c) Illustration of a typical hologram that creates one specific image (Caltech logo) under one illumination angle (left). The same hologram will be translated laterally (and distorted) by tilting the illumination angle (right). (d) Schematic illustration of an angle-multiplexed hologram. Different images are created under different illumination angles. For ease of illustration, the devices are shown in transmission, while the actual fabricated devices are designed to operate in reflection mode.« less

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.