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Title: The effect of distribution of second phase on dynamic damage

For ductile metals, dynamic fracture occurs principally through void nucleation, growth, and coalescence at heterogeneities in the microstructure. Previous experimental research on high purity metals has shown that microstructural features, such as grain boundaries, inclusions, vacancies, and heterogeneities, can act as initial void nucleation sites. In addition, other research on two-phase materials has also highlighted the importance of the properties of a second phase itself in determining the dynamic response of the overall material. But, previous research has not investigated the effects of the distribution of a second phase on damage nucleation and evolution. To approach this problem in a systematic manner, two copper alloys with 1% lead materials, with the same Pb concentration but different Pb distributions, have been investigated. A new CuPb alloy was cast with a more homogeneous distribution of Pb as compared to a CuPb where the Pb congregated in large “stringer” type configurations. These materials were shock loaded at ~1.2 GPa and soft recovered. In-situ free surface velocity information, and post mortem metallography, reveals that even though the spall strength of both the materials were similar, the total extent and details of damage in the materials varied by 15%. This then suggests that altering themore » distribution of Pb in the Cu matrix leads to the creation of more void nucleation sites and also changed the rate of void growth.« less
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  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1328603