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Title: Galvanostatic Intermittent Titration and Performance Based Analysis of LiNi 0.5 Co 0.2 Mn 0.3 O 2 Cathode

Galvanostatic intermittent titration technique (GITT) - a popular method for characterizing kinetic and transport properties of battery electrodes - is predicated on the proper evaluation of electrode active area. LiNi 0.5044Co 0.1986Mn 0.2970O 2 (NCM523) material exhibits a complex morphology in which sub-micron primary particles aggregate to form secondary particle agglomerates. Our work proposes a new active area formulation for primary/secondary particle agglomerate materials to better mimic the morphology of NCM532 electrodes. Furthermore, this formulation is then coupled with macro-homogeneous models to simulate GITT and half-cell performance of NCM523 electrodes. Subsequently, the model results are compared against the experimental results to refine the area formulation. A single parameter, the surface roughness factor, is proposed to mimic the change in interfacial area, diffusivity and exchange current density simultaneously and detailed modeling results are presented to provide valuable insights into the efficacy of the formulation.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States). School of Mechanical Engineering
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651; TRN: US1800207
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 164; Journal Issue: 13; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
The Electrochemical Society
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
Country of Publication:
United States
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; galvanostatic intermittent titration technique; lithium-ion battery; nickel-cobalt-manganese
OSTI Identifier: