skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Chorus Waves Modulation of Langmuir Waves in the Radiation Belts

Abstract

Using high-resolution waveforms measured by the Van Allen Probes, we report a novel observation in the radiation belts. Namely, we show that multiband, discrete, rising-tone whistler-mode chorus emissions exhibit a one-to-one correlation with Langmuir wave bursts. Moreover, the periodic Langmuir wave bursts are generally observed at the phase location where the chorus wave E || component is oriented opposite to its propagation direction. The electron measurements show a beam in phase space density at the particle velocity that matches the parallel phase velocity of the chorus waves. Based on this evidence, we conclude that the chorus waves accelerate the suprathermal electrons via Landau resonance, and generate a localized electron beam in phase space density. Consequently, the Langmuir waves are excited locally and are modulated by the chorus wave phase. As a result, this microscale interaction between chorus waves and high frequency electrostatic waves provides a new insight into the nonlinear wave-particle interaction process.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5]
  1. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  2. Boston Univ., Boston, MA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States)
  4. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  5. Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA); USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1410626
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-30490
Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276; TRN: US1800143
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 44; Journal Issue: 23; Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; Heliospheric and Magnetospheric Physics

Citation Formats

Li, Jinxing, Bortnik, Jacob, An, Xin, Li, Wen, Thorne, Richard M., Zhou, Meng, Kurth, William S., Hospodarsky, George B., Funsten, Herbert O., and Spence, Harlan E. Chorus Waves Modulation of Langmuir Waves in the Radiation Belts. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/2017GL075877.
Li, Jinxing, Bortnik, Jacob, An, Xin, Li, Wen, Thorne, Richard M., Zhou, Meng, Kurth, William S., Hospodarsky, George B., Funsten, Herbert O., & Spence, Harlan E. Chorus Waves Modulation of Langmuir Waves in the Radiation Belts. United States. doi:10.1002/2017GL075877.
Li, Jinxing, Bortnik, Jacob, An, Xin, Li, Wen, Thorne, Richard M., Zhou, Meng, Kurth, William S., Hospodarsky, George B., Funsten, Herbert O., and Spence, Harlan E. Mon . "Chorus Waves Modulation of Langmuir Waves in the Radiation Belts". United States. doi:10.1002/2017GL075877. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1410626.
@article{osti_1410626,
title = {Chorus Waves Modulation of Langmuir Waves in the Radiation Belts},
author = {Li, Jinxing and Bortnik, Jacob and An, Xin and Li, Wen and Thorne, Richard M. and Zhou, Meng and Kurth, William S. and Hospodarsky, George B. and Funsten, Herbert O. and Spence, Harlan E.},
abstractNote = {Using high-resolution waveforms measured by the Van Allen Probes, we report a novel observation in the radiation belts. Namely, we show that multiband, discrete, rising-tone whistler-mode chorus emissions exhibit a one-to-one correlation with Langmuir wave bursts. Moreover, the periodic Langmuir wave bursts are generally observed at the phase location where the chorus wave E|| component is oriented opposite to its propagation direction. The electron measurements show a beam in phase space density at the particle velocity that matches the parallel phase velocity of the chorus waves. Based on this evidence, we conclude that the chorus waves accelerate the suprathermal electrons via Landau resonance, and generate a localized electron beam in phase space density. Consequently, the Langmuir waves are excited locally and are modulated by the chorus wave phase. As a result, this microscale interaction between chorus waves and high frequency electrostatic waves provides a new insight into the nonlinear wave-particle interaction process.},
doi = {10.1002/2017GL075877},
journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
number = 23,
volume = 44,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 4 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Dynamics of high-energy electrons interacting with whistler mode chorus emissions in the magnetosphere
journal, January 2006

  • Omura, Yoshiharu; Summers, Danny
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 111, Issue A9
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006JA011600

Unraveling the excitation mechanisms of highly oblique lower band chorus waves: EXCITATION OF OBLIQUE LOWER BAND CHORUS
journal, September 2016

  • Li, W.; Mourenas, D.; Artemyev, A. V.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 43, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016GL070386

Chorus-related electrostatic bursts in the Earth's outer magnetosphere
journal, January 1982

  • Reinleitner, L. A.; Gurnett, D. A.; Gallagher, D. L.
  • Nature, Vol. 295, Issue 5844
  • DOI: 10.1038/295046a0

Use of the three-dimensional covariance matrix in analyzing the polarization properties of plane waves
journal, October 1972


Nonlinear interaction of energetic electrons with large amplitude chorus
journal, January 2008

  • Bortnik, J.; Thorne, R. M.; Inan, U. S.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 35, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008GL035500

Nonlinear interaction of outer zone electrons with VLF waves: NONLINEAR INTERACTION OF ELECTRONS WITH VLF WAVES
journal, April 2002


The Magnetic Electron Ion Spectrometer (MagEIS) Instruments Aboard the Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RBSP) Spacecraft
journal, June 2013

  • Blake, J. B.; Carranza, P. A.; Claudepierre, S. G.
  • Space Science Reviews, Vol. 179, Issue 1-4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11214-013-9991-8

The development of a bursty precipitation front with intense localized parallel electric fields driven by whistler waves
journal, April 2015

  • Drake, J. F.; Agapitov, O. V.; Mozer, F. S.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL063528

Electron trapping and charge transport by large amplitude whistlers: ELECTRON TRAPPING BY WHISTLERS
journal, October 2010

  • Kellogg, P. J.; Cattell, C. A.; Goetz, K.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 37, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010GL044845

The Electric and Magnetic Field Instrument Suite and Integrated Science (EMFISIS) on RBSP
journal, June 2013


Limit on stably trapped particle fluxes
journal, January 1966


Electrostatic waves in an electron-beam plasma system
journal, July 2005

  • Lu, Quanming; Wang, Shui; Dou, Xiankang
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 12, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1951367

Electrostatic bursts generated by electrons in Landau Resonance with whistler mode chorus
journal, January 1983

  • Reinleitner, Lee A.; Gurnett, Donald A.; Eastman, Timothy E.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 88, Issue A4
  • DOI: 10.1029/JA088iA04p03079

Generation of Multiband Chorus in the Earth's Magnetosphere: 1-D PIC Simulation: Generation of Multiband Chorus
journal, January 2017

  • Gao, Xinliang; Ke, Yangguang; Lu, Quanming
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 44, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016GL072251

Correlated whistler and electron plasma oscillation bursts detected on ISEE-3
journal, February 1980

  • Kennel, C. F.; Scarf, F. L.; Coroniti, F. V.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 7, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1029/GL007i002p00129

Banded chorus-A new type of VLF radiation observed in the magnetosphere by OGO 1 and OGO 3
journal, June 1969


First report of resonant interactions between whistler mode waves in the Earth's magnetosphere: RESONANT INTERACTION BETWEEN WHISTLERS
journal, June 2017

  • Gao, Xinliang; Lu, Quanming; Wang, Shui
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 44, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/2017GL073829

Helium, Oxygen, Proton, and Electron (HOPE) Mass Spectrometer for the Radiation Belt Storm Probes Mission
journal, March 2013


Generation of multiband chorus by lower band cascade in the Earth's magnetosphere
journal, March 2016

  • Gao, Xinliang; Lu, Quanming; Bortnik, Jacob
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 43, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016GL068313

Rapid local acceleration of relativistic radiation-belt electrons by magnetospheric chorus
journal, December 2013


Typical properties of rising and falling tone chorus waves: RISING AND FALLING TONE CHORUS
journal, July 2011

  • Li, W.; Thorne, R. M.; Bortnik, J.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 38, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011GL047925

Resonant excitation of whistler waves by a helical electron beam
journal, March 2016

  • An, X.; Van Compernolle, B.; Bortnik, J.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 43, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL067126

Wave acceleration of electrons in the Van Allen radiation belts
journal, September 2005

  • Horne, Richard B.; Thorne, Richard M.; Shprits, Yuri Y.
  • Nature, Vol. 437, Issue 7056
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature03939

Comparison of formulas for resonant interactions between energetic electrons and oblique whistler-mode waves
journal, May 2015

  • Li, Jinxing; Bortnik, Jacob; Xie, Lun
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 22, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4914852

Transverse dimensions of chorus in the source region: TRANSVERSE DIMENSIONS OF CHORUS
journal, January 2003

  • Santolík, O.; Gurnett, D. A.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 30, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1029/2002GL016178

Electrostatic and whistler instabilities excited by an electron beam
journal, July 2017

  • An, Xin; Bortnik, Jacob; Van Compernolle, Bart
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 24, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4986511

Theory and simulation of the generation of whistler-mode chorus: GENERATION PROCESS OF CHORUS EMISSIONS
journal, April 2008

  • Omura, Yoshiharu; Katoh, Yuto; Summers, Danny
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 113, Issue A4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007JA012622

Parametric decay of a parallel propagating monochromatic whistler wave: Particle-in-cell simulations
journal, January 2017

  • Ke, Yangguang; Gao, Xinliang; Lu, Quanming
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 24, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4974160

Science Objectives and Rationale for the Radiation Belt Storm Probes Mission
journal, September 2012