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Title: Experimental Observation of a Current-Driven Instability in a Neutral Electron-Positron Beam

Abstract

Here, we report on the first experimental observation of a current-driven instability developing in a quasineutral matter-antimatter beam. Strong magnetic fields (≥ 1T) are measured, via means of a proton radiography technique, after the propagation of a neutral electron-positron beam through a background electron-ion plasma. The experimentally determined equipartition parameter of εB ≈ 10-3 is typical of values inferred from models of astrophysical gamma-ray bursts, in which the relativistic flows are also expected to be pair dominated. The data, supported by particle-in-cell simulations and simple analytical estimates, indicate that these magnetic fields persist in the background plasma for thousands of inverse plasma frequencies. The existence of such long-lived magnetic fields can be related to analog astrophysical systems, such as those prevalent in lepton-dominated jets.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [1];  [1];  [6];  [5];  [5];  [1];  [1];  [7];  [8];  [1];  [1]
  1. Queen's Univ., Belfast, Northern Ireland (United Kingdom). School of Mathematics and Physics
  2. Linkoping Univ., Norrkoping (Sweden). Dept. of Science and Technology (ITN)
  3. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  4. Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (France). Lab. pour l'Utilisation des Lasers Intenses (LULI)
  5. Imperial College London, London (United Kingdom). John Adams Inst. for Accelerator Science, Blackett Lab.
  6. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Center for Ultrafast Optical Science
  7. Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), Oxford (United Kingdom). Rutherford Appleton Lab. (RAL), Central Laser Facility
  8. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Center for Ultrafast Optical Science; Lancaster Univ. (United Kingdom). Physics Dept.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1410524
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1408181
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; EP/N-022696/1; EP/N-027175/1; EP/L-013975/1; EP/N-002644/1; EP/P-010059/1; NA-0002372; x-2016046960; NA0002372; x2016046960
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 18; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; 79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Plasma-beam interactions; Space & astrophysical plasma

Citation Formats

Warwick, J., Dzelzainis, T., Dieckmann, M. E., Schumaker, W., Doria, D., Romagnani, L., Poder, K., Cole, J. M., Alejo, A., Yeung, M., Krushelnick, K., Mangles, S. P. D., Najmudin, Z., Reville, B., Samarin, G. M., Symes, D. D., Thomas, A. G. R., Borghesi, M., and Sarri, G. Experimental Observation of a Current-Driven Instability in a Neutral Electron-Positron Beam. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.185002.
Warwick, J., Dzelzainis, T., Dieckmann, M. E., Schumaker, W., Doria, D., Romagnani, L., Poder, K., Cole, J. M., Alejo, A., Yeung, M., Krushelnick, K., Mangles, S. P. D., Najmudin, Z., Reville, B., Samarin, G. M., Symes, D. D., Thomas, A. G. R., Borghesi, M., & Sarri, G. Experimental Observation of a Current-Driven Instability in a Neutral Electron-Positron Beam. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.185002.
Warwick, J., Dzelzainis, T., Dieckmann, M. E., Schumaker, W., Doria, D., Romagnani, L., Poder, K., Cole, J. M., Alejo, A., Yeung, M., Krushelnick, K., Mangles, S. P. D., Najmudin, Z., Reville, B., Samarin, G. M., Symes, D. D., Thomas, A. G. R., Borghesi, M., and Sarri, G. Fri . "Experimental Observation of a Current-Driven Instability in a Neutral Electron-Positron Beam". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.185002. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1410524.
@article{osti_1410524,
title = {Experimental Observation of a Current-Driven Instability in a Neutral Electron-Positron Beam},
author = {Warwick, J. and Dzelzainis, T. and Dieckmann, M. E. and Schumaker, W. and Doria, D. and Romagnani, L. and Poder, K. and Cole, J. M. and Alejo, A. and Yeung, M. and Krushelnick, K. and Mangles, S. P. D. and Najmudin, Z. and Reville, B. and Samarin, G. M. and Symes, D. D. and Thomas, A. G. R. and Borghesi, M. and Sarri, G.},
abstractNote = {Here, we report on the first experimental observation of a current-driven instability developing in a quasineutral matter-antimatter beam. Strong magnetic fields (≥ 1T) are measured, via means of a proton radiography technique, after the propagation of a neutral electron-positron beam through a background electron-ion plasma. The experimentally determined equipartition parameter of εB ≈ 10-3 is typical of values inferred from models of astrophysical gamma-ray bursts, in which the relativistic flows are also expected to be pair dominated. The data, supported by particle-in-cell simulations and simple analytical estimates, indicate that these magnetic fields persist in the background plasma for thousands of inverse plasma frequencies. The existence of such long-lived magnetic fields can be related to analog astrophysical systems, such as those prevalent in lepton-dominated jets.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.185002},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 18,
volume = 119,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

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